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Wild Flowers East Of The Rockies | by Chester A. Reed



The body of the book contains plants, chiefly herbs, found east of the Rocky Mountains, that are conspicuous in flower. These are arranged in their natural and most approved order. About 90 per cent of the paintings, from which the colored illustrations were made, were sketched and colored directly from freshly collected flowers gathered from Maine to Virginia.

TitleWild Flowers East Of The Rockies
AuthorChester A. Reed
PublisherDoubleday, Page & Co.
Year1910
Copyright1910, Chester A. Reed
AmazonWild Flowers East Of The Rockies

By Chester A. Reed, B. S, Author of "Land Birds," "Water Birds," "North American Birds' Eggs," Etc.

With 320 Flowers in Color, painted by the Author.

To Mertice Elaine The Little "Flower Girl" in the Frontispiece This Book is Affectionately Inscribed

Wild Flowers East Of The Rockies

A Young Botanist

-Preface
Every book has a reason for its being, - or should have. There are excellent flower books, galore, but apparently there is a break in the series into which it is hoped the present volume will make a w...
-Glossary Of Botanical Terms
Acute Terminating in a sharp point. Adventive Not perfectly naturalized. Alternate Not opposite, but singly at different heights on the stem. Annual Of only one year's duration. Anther That p...
-Wild Flowers East Of The Rockies
Their Construction, their Growth and their Manner of Living Descriptions and Colored Plates of those Species conspicuous in Flower Plants vary endlessly in turn but, with the exception of a few parasi...
-Parts Of Plants
Forms Of Roots The form of root most often found on plants is the fibrous root, made up of numerous branching rootlets or fibres. The thick, fleshy, horizontal root found on most perennials is called...
-Methods Of Reproduction Of Plants
All living creatures are so constructed as to be capable of reproducing their kind. In fact, with all the lower Orders, that is the one object in their life. We have seen that flowers have stamens and...
-Examples Of Specialized Flowers
By specialized is meant flowers that are incapable of self-pollenization. The common apple or pear blossom is a regular, simple and perfect flower. The stamens surround a single central pistil; the a...
-Cat-Tail Family (Typhaceae)
The members of this family are very abundant aquatic herbs with perennial roots. Sometimes we find them in groups of only two or three plants, and again acres of marsh may be covered with waving green...
-Bur Reed Family (Sparganiaceae)
The Bur Reeds are marsh inhabiting plants, some growing along the muddy shores of ponds or streams, while other species are strictly aquatic, growing in the water with floating leaves. Like the Cat-ta...
-Water Plantain Family (Alismaceae.)
Genus Arrow-Head (Sagittaria.) Arrow-heads or Sagittarias are among our most beautiful water plants. The leaves vary greatly in shape but are always graceful in appearance. All species have three pur...
-Arum Family (Araceae)
This is quite a large family of plants containing six genera. All have acrid or pungent juices; flowers closely crowded on a spadix, usually surrounded by a spathe; leaves either simple or compound an...
-Arum Family (Araceae). Continued
Golden Club (Orontium Aquaticum) Golden Club (Orontium Aquaticum)is also our only member of its genus. As you will see by the opposite picture, there is no protective spathe for the golden floral clu...
-Spiderwort Family (Commelmaceae)
A small family of herbs containing, in our range, about a dozen species under two genera. Day-Flower (Commelina Communis) Day-Flower (Commelina Communis)is one of a very few of our native plants h...
-Pickerel-Weed Family (Pontederiaceae.)
A small family of aquatic plants consisting, in our range, of only four species grouped under two genera. Pickerel-Weed (Pontederia Cordata) Pickerel-Weed (Pontederia Cordata) is an exceedingly ab...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae)
This is an exceedingly large family containing more than 80 species in our range, divided into 33 genera and 13 different tribes. Many of these rank as among our most beautiful flowers. They usually a...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 2
Wild Garlic (Allium Canadense) Wild Garlic (Allium Canadense) has few purplish, 6-parted flowers on slender pedicels from a cluster of bulblets at the top of a scape 10 to 24 in. high. The leaves are...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 3
Wood Lily; Wild Orange-Red Lily (Lilium Philadelphicum) Wood Lily; Wild Orange-Red Lily (Lilium Philadelphicum) has a leafy stem 1 to 3 feet high, at its summit bearing one to four erect (not pendulo...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 4
Gray's Lily (L. Grayi) Gray's Lily (L. Grayi) has one or two deep orange-red flowers in a horizontal position; thickly spotted within; sepals spreading but little and uniting in a larger base than th...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 5
False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina Stellata) False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina Stellata) bears some resemblance to the last species, but the flowers are much larger and few in number, usually only six or ...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 6
Purple Twisted-Stalk (Streptopus Roseus) Purple Twisted-Stalk (Streptopus Roseus) has, as would be judged from its name, a very angular or twisted stem. At each angle or joint, appears an ovate-lance...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 7
Lily-Of-The-Valley (Convallaria Majalis.) As a garden flower, this species is probably familiar to nearly everyone. While, as a native, it is only found in some of the southeastern mountain ranges, i...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 8
Colic-Root; Star Grass (Aletris Farinosa) Colic-Root; Star Grass (Aletris Farinosa) is a tall, wand-like plant, striking in appearance even though not beautiful in flower. The scape is from 2 to 3 fe...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 9
Large-Flowered Trillium (Trillium Grandiflorum) Large-Flowered Trillium (Trillium Grandiflorum) is the largest of the genus in all respects and is one of the best known and most common species. It ca...
-Lily Family (Liliaceae). Part 10
Star-Of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum Umbellu-Tum)(European) This dainty plant is sometimes met with near some farm house, from the garden of which it may have escaped years before. It is quite hardy and w...
-Amaryllis Family (Amaryllidaceae)
A family of bulbous and scape-bearing herbs with flat, grass-like leaves and regular six-parted flowers. Atamasco Lily (Zephyranthes Atamasco) Atamasco Lily (Zephyranthes Atamasco) is an exceeding...
-Iris Family (Iridaceae)
This family is composed of perennial herbs growing in moist places and having long linear or sword-shaped leaves and large showy flowers. Iris is named from the Greek,.meaning rainbow and it certainly...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae)
This is a large family composed of herbaceous perennials with tuberoid roots or corms. The perianth is composed of six divisions, the three outer being sepals (two of which are often united) and the t...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 2
Small White Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium Candidum) The flower of this species is of the same size and shape as that of the Yellow variety, but the lip is pure white outside and striped with purple ins...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 3
Green-Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Flava) Green-Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Flava) is a common green orchis (formerly virescens). The lower leaves are oblong-lanceolate, while the upper ones are linear, d...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 4
Round-Leaved Orchis (H. Orbiculata) Round-Leaved Orchis (H. Orbiculata) is similar to Hookeri; the lip is oblong, obtuse and about the same length as the spur. The two basal leaves are almost round. ...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 5
Large Purple Fringed Orchis (H. Fim-Briata) Large Purple Fringed Orchis (H. Fim-Briata) is the largest and perhaps the most beautiful of the genus. The pale purple flowers are nearly twice as large a...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 6
Calypso (Calypso Bulbosa) Calypso (Calypso Bulbosa) is a rare and locally distributed orchid found along the northern edge of the U. S. and in Canada. It has a single magenta-pink flower at the top o...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 7
Showy Orchis (Orchis Spectabilis) Showy Orchis (Orchis Spectabilis) is a charming early blooming orchid found in flower from April to June in moist woods, often under hemlock trees. Two broad, ovate,...
-Orchis Family (Orchidaceae). Part 8
Slender Ladies Tresses (S. Gracilis) Slender Ladies Tresses (S. Gracilis) is slender, has its flowers in a single-ranked 1-sided or slightly twisted raceme; lip green, with a white wrinkled margin. L...
-Birthwort Family (Aristolochiaceae)
A small family,of low herbs or twining vines, with but two genera and few species. Wild Ginger (Asarum Canadense) Wild Ginger (Asarum Canadense) may be found flowering in rich woods during April a...
-Buckwheat Family (Polygonaceae)
This family contains a great variety and great number of species. It is divided into seven genera and many of these are further divided. They are all inconspicuous in flower and most of them are regar...
-Pink Family (Caryophyllaceae)
This is a very large family containing some of our most beautiful flowers. They are herbs, agreeing in having smooth-edged leaves growing oppositely and in having the plant stem usually swollen at its...
-Pink Family (Caryophyllaceae). Part 2
Ragged Robin (Lychnis Flos-Cuculi) (European) This species, which is also known as Meadow Lychnis, is noteworthy because of the slashed appearance of its five crimson petals. The flower calyx is deep...
-Pink Family (Caryophyllaceae). Part 3
Bouncing Bet (Saponaria Officinalis) (European) This is probably the most hardy and the most widely distributed of our adventive members of the Pink Family. It increases very rapidly by means of unde...
-Purslane Family (Portulacaceae)
A small family of low herbs, with thick succulent leaves and perfect but unsymmetrical flowers, that is with unequal numbers of petals and sepals. Spring Beauty (Claytonia Virginica) Spring Beauty...
-Water Lily Family (Nymphaecae)
Cow Lily; Yellow Pond Lily (Nymphaea Advena) This lily has the misfortune of being closely related to and associated with the Water Lily, one of our most beautiful, most fragrant, and most prized wil...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae)
A very large and very diversified family of herbs, or sometimes wooly plants, divided into three tribes containing 23 genera. Practically all of them have very acrid juices, some of them very poisonou...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 2
Common Buttercup; Crowfoot (R. Acris) (European) Even though we have quantities of native Buttercups, it is this handsome foreigner that is the most abundant; this is the species that is found in fie...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 3
Wood Anemone; Wind Flower (Anemone Quinquefolia) Wood Anemone; Wind Flower (Anemone Quinquefolia) is an exceedingly delicate looking plant, but the fortitude with which it withstands the winds of ear...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 4
Marsh Clematis (C. Crispa) Marsh Clematis (C. Crispa) , found in the southern states is the most beautiful species; flowers about the size of the last, with bluish-purple, crimped, or wavy-edged sepa...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 5
Monkshood; Aconite (Aconitum Uncinatum) Monkshood; Aconite (Aconitum Uncinatum) is an attractive wild flower with a slender, rather weak, stem often supporting itself against other species. Some of i...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 6
Twinleaf (Jeffersonia Diphylla) Twinleaf (Jeffersonia Diphylla) is a small, low plant, being only about 8 in. high when in flower. The solitary white flower has eight white petals and half as many ea...
-Crowfoot Family (Ranunculaceae). Part 7
Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum Diphyllum) Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum Diphyllum) is a very similar species, both as to leaf and flower. It has fewer flowers than the last, and the seed pod is ovoid in...
-Mustard Family (Cruciferae)
A large family divided into eight tribes, thirty one genera and more than a hundred species. All have pungent watery juices, finely dissected compound leaves and cruciform flowers, the four spreading ...
-Pitcher Plant Family (Sarraceniaceae)
A small family of bog-inhabiting plants having hollow pitcher-formed or trumpet-shaped leaves. Pitcher Plant; Huntsman's Cup (Sarracenia Purpurea) Few plants are as little known, generally as this...
-Sundew Family (Droseraceae)
A small family of insectivorous plants found in bogs or moist sandy soil. Thread-Leaved Sundew (Drosera Filiformis) Thread-Leaved Sundew (Drosera Filiformis) has long, linear, film-like, erect, ve...
-Saxifrage Family (Saxifragaceae)
Herbs or shrubs having perfect flowers, usually with five petals, and either opposite or alternate leaves. The seeds have copious albumen, which sep arates this family from the various species of the ...
-Rose Family (Rosaceae)
This is a very large family made up of trees, shrubs and herbs. It contains some of our most valuable plants and fruit-bearing trees such as pear, apple, strawberry, blackberry, etc. The flowers are a...
-Rose Family (Rosaceae). Part 2
High Bush Blackberry (Rubus Alleghenien-Sis) High Bush Blackberry (Rubus Alleghenien-Sis) is a tall branching shrub with slender brown stems, from three to ten feet long, armed with stout, slightly r...
-Rose Family (Rosaceae). Part 3
Agrimony (Agrimonia Gryposepala) Agrimony (Agrimonia Gryposepala) is a common weed found on the borders of swamps or thickets. It has a tall, hairy, simple stem from two to four feet high. The bright...
-Rose Family (Rosaceae). Part 4
Swamp Rose (Rosa Carolina) Wild roses are very common throughout our range and, of course, are familiar to everyone. They are usually, and rightly regarded as one of our most beautiful wild flowers. ...
-Pulse Family (Leguminosae)
A very large and valuable family of plants, many of them being food-producing. Usually they have papilionaceous flowers, that is, with a standard, keel and wings. The family is divided into three subf...
-Pulse Family (Leguminosae). Part 2
Rattlebox (Crotalaria Sagittalis) Rattlebox (Crotalaria Sagittalis) receives its name because the seeds rattle about in the large, inflated, blackish, seed-pod. It is an annual herb, with a hairy, be...
-Pulse Family (Leguminosae). Part 3
Rabbit-Foot Clover; Stone Clover (Tri-Folium Arvense) (European) It is not always the largest, brightest colored and showiest flowers that are the most beautiful; the present species has a graceful, ...
-Pulse Family (Leguminosae). Part 4
White Clover (Trifolium Repens) White Clover (Trifolium Repens) is the most common of the white clovers. It is supposed to be indigenous in the northern parts of our range. It is highly prized as for...
-Pulse Family (Leguminosae). Part 5
Alfalfa; Lucerne (Medicago Sativa) (European) Alfalfa; Lucerne (Medicago Sativa) (European) is found growing wild in waste places or fields most anywhere in our range. It makes an excellent fodder fo...
-Flax Family (Linaceae)
A small family of slender herbs; very valuable, as they furnish the flax from which all linen is made and many valuable medicinal remedies. A. Common Flax. Linum usitatissimum. B. Yellow Flax. Li...
-Wood Sorrel Family (Oxalidaceae)
A small family of low, recumbent herbs with trifoliate leaves and perfect, regular flowers. A. Wood Sorrel. Oxalis acetosella. B. Violet Wood Sorrel. Oxalis violacea. White Wood Sorrel (Oxal...
-Wood Sorrel Family (Oxalidaceae). Continued
Low Yellow Wood Sorrel (Oxalis Repens) Low Yellow Wood Sorrel (Oxalis Repens) has several prostrate and creeping stems and numerous erect, leafy branches; it is very low, seldom attaining a height of...
-Milkwort Family (Polygalaceae)
This is a small family of herbs with opposite leaves and perfect but irregular flowers. A. Fringed Polygala. Polygala paucifolia. B. Milkwort. Polygala polygama. Fringed Polygala (Polygala Pau...
-Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae)
This family contains a dozen different genera, all agreeing in that they have acrid, milky juices. Snow-on-the-Mountain. Euphorbia marginata. Snow-On-The-Mountain; White-Edged Spurge (Euphorbia...
-Mallow Family (Malvaceae.)
Composed of herbs or shrubs with alternate, stipulate, irregular leaves, perfect, regular flowers and having mucilaginous juices. Common Mallow. Malva rotundifolia. Common Mallow; Cheeses (Malv...
-Mallow Family (Malvaceae.). Continued
Musk Mallow (Malva Moschata) (European) Musk Mallow (Malva Moschata) (European) is a similar species with the leaves deeply and palmately slashed and toothed. Several hairy, branching stems proceed f...
-St. John's Wort Family (Hypericaceae)
A small family of shrubs and herbs, having opposite, toothless, and generally stemless leaves, and regular, four or flve-petalled flowers. Common St. Johnswort. Hypericum perforatum. Common St...
-Rockrose Family (Cistaceae)
A small family of small shrubs or herbs, having regular flowers with three or five petals and five sepals, the two external ones being small and bractlike. Frostweed; Rockrose (Helianthemum Can-Ade...
-Violet Family (Violaceae)
A small family of herbs with perfect but irregular flowers having live petals, the lower one of which is spurred; flowers nodding. A. BirdVfoot Violet. Viola pedata. B. Palmated Violet. Viola p...
-Violet Family (Violaceae). Continued
Canada Violet (Viola Canadensis) Canada Violet (Viola Canadensis) is the most common of the leafy stemmed blue violets. You will notice that the preceding species all had their leaves from the base, ...
-Loosestrife Family (Lythraceae)
A small family of herbs or shrubs, usually with opposite, entire-edged leaves and perfect flowers. A. Purple Loosestrife. Lythrum salicaria. B. Loosestrife. Lythrum alatum. Purple Or Spiked ...
-Melastoma Family (Melastomaceae)
Meadow Beauty (Rhexia Virginica) Meadow Beauty (Rhexia Virginica) is a pretty little plant that always causes a thrill of admiration to pass through us as we come across it in grassy marshes where ot...
-Evening Primrose Family (Onagraceae)
A family of herbs or shrubs with perfect, usually four-parted flowers, four petals, four sepals, four or eight stamens and a two or four-parted stigma. Great Willow-Herb; Fireweed (Epilobium Angust...
-Ginseng Family (Araliaceae)
A family of herbs with compound leaves and usually perfect, tiny flowers in umbels or clusters. Wild Sarsaparilla (Aralia Nudicaulis) Wild Sarsaparilla (Aralia Nudicaulis) has a single large, comp...
-Parsley Family (Umbeliferae)
A large family of herbs, usually with hollow stems, tiny, perfect or polygamous flowers in umbels or flat-topped clusters and with deeply-cut, compound leaves. Water Parsnip (Sium Cicutaefolium) W...
-Dogwood Family (Cornaceae)
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida) is a tall shrub or tree, ranging in height from 7 to 40 feet. It is in reality outside the scope of this book, as we do not aim t...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae)
A family of shrubs or herbs having perfect and usually regular flowers, with four or five petals and the same number, or twice as many, stamens. Divided into three sub-families, the Pyrola (Pyrol-oid...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae). Part 2
One-Flowered Pyrola (Moneses Uniflora) One-Flowered Pyrola (Moneses Uniflora) externally closely resembles the preceding species; in reality it is intermediate between the Pyrolas and Chimaphila. The...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae). Part 3
Pink Azalea; Pinxter Flower, (Wild Honey-Suckle) (Rhododendron Nudiflorum) Pink Azalea; Pinxter Flower, (Wild Honey-Suckle) (Rhododendron Nudiflorum) is one of our most interesting wild shrubs, inter...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae). Part 4
Mountain Rose Bay (R. Catawbiense) Mountain Rose Bay (R. Catawbiense) is a similar species found in the higher mountains from Va. to Ga. It has oblong, round-ended leaves and flowers with a broad, be...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae). Part 5
Pale Laurel (Kalmia Polifolia) Pale Laurel (Kalmia Polifolia) is similar but distinguished by its two-edged branches, the whitish green under surface of the leaves and their rolled-up edges. It grows...
-Heath Family (Ericaceae). Part 6
Leather Leaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata) Leather Leaf (Chamaedaphne Calyculata) is a low, much-branched shrub with small, obtuse, flat, leathery leaves. Small white flowers grow in the axils of the upp...
-Leadwort Family (Plumbaginaceae)
Seaside plants with perfect, regular flowers in 1-sided racemes or spikes; 5-parted and with plaited calyx. Marsh Rosemary; Sea Lavender (Limon-Ium Carolinianum) Marsh Rosemary; Sea Lavender (Limo...
-Primrose Family (Primulaceae)
A family of herbs having regular perfect flowers and simple leaves, arranged oppositely, alternately or whorled about the stem. . A. Yellow Loosestrife. Lysimachia terrestris, B. Four-leaved Loo...
-Primrose Family (Primulaceae). Continued
Moneywort; Myrtle (Lysimachia Nummular-Ia) (European) Moneywort; Myrtle (Lysimachia Nummular-Ia) (European) is a very dainty and beautiful trailing or creeping vine, often spreading over large-surfac...
-Logania Family (Loganiaceae)
A small family of herbs, shrubs or trees with entire-edged, opposite leaves, usually with stipules, and with regular, perfect, four or five-parted flowers; forming a connecting link between the Gentia...
-Gentian Family (Gentianaceae)
A family of beautifully flowered herbs having smooth stems and simple, opposite and sessile leaves. They also agree in having regular, perfect flowers. Rose Pink (Sabatia Angularis) Rose Pink (Sab...
-Gentian Family (Gentianaceae). Part 2
Slender Marsh Pink (S. Gracilis) Slender Marsh Pink (S. Gracilis) is very similar to stellaris, but the stem is very slender and the leaves are linear. The flowers are about the same size, with the p...
-Gentian Family (Gentianaceae). Part 3
Solitary Gentian (Gentiana Porphyrio) Solitary Gentian (Gentiana Porphyrio) is a pretty little species growing in moist places from southern N. J. to Fla. The simple, slender stem ranges in height fr...
-Dogbane Family (Apocynaceae)
A small family composed chiefly of poisonous tropical plants, usually with milky, acrid juices. They have perfect and regular, five-parted flowers and opposite, smooth-edged leaves. Indian Hemp (Ap...
-Milkweed Family (Asclepladaceae)
A family of stout-stemmed plants having milky juices and ,usually, large opposite or whorled leaves. They all have umbels of small flowers that are very peculiar in construction and highly specialized...
-Milkweed Family (Asclepladaceae). Continued
Poke Milk-Weed (Asclepias Phytolaccoides) Poke Milk-Weed (Asclepias Phytolaccoides) is a tall species growing from 2 to 6 feet in height. The flowers composing its clusters are fewer in number than t...
-Convolvulus Family (Convolvulaceae)
A small family of climbing or twining herbs having regular, perfect, usually bell or funnel-shaped flowers and alternating leaves. Hedge Bindweed; Wild Morning Glory (Convolvulus Sepium) Hedge Bin...
-Polemonium Family (Polemoniaceae)
A small family of herbs having either opposite or alternate leaves and regular, perfect flowers, the lobes of the corolla being convolute in the bud. Downy Phlox (Phlox Pilosa) Both the leaves and...
-Borage Family (Boraginaceae)
A family of herbs with rough stems and leaves and perfect flowers, regular except in the case of Echium. Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis Scorpioides) (European) Doubtless this pretty little plant is famil...
-Vervain Family (Verbenaceae)
Herbs with opposite leaves and perfect but usually irregular flowers, the tubular corollas spreading into two lips or four or five lobes. Blue Vervain (Verbena Hastata) Blue Vervain (Verbena Hasta...
-Mint Family (Labiatae)
A very large family of herbs having, usually, square stems, strong scented foliage and small tubular flowers conspicuously situated in spikes or from the leaf axils. The flowers usually have two-lobed...
-Mint Family (Labiatae). Continued
Catnip (Nepeta Cataria) (European) Catnip (Nepeta Cataria) (European) is a very common mint, introduced from Europe, the aromatic foliage of which has a very peculiar attraction for all members of th...
-Nightshade Family (Solanaceae)
A small family of herbs, some of them very valuable, having colorless juices, alternating leaves and regular five-parted flowers, usually with five stamens and a short pistil. Bittersweet; Nightsha...
-Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae)
A large family of herbs with perfect but irregular flowers, usually with two sets of stamens of different lengths. They all have bitter juices and some of them are narcotic-poisonous. Common Or Gre...
-Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae). Part 2
Toad-Flax; Butter-And-Eggs (Linaria Vulgaris) Toad-Flax; Butter-And-Eggs (Linaria Vulgaris) , although an immigrant, takes so kindly to our land that it has extended its range from the Atlantic to th...
-Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae). Part 3
Monkey Flower (Mimulus Ringens) Monkey Flower (Mimulus Ringens) is a very appropriate name for this strange looking flower. Viewed from in front, the plaits and twists of the corolla are such that on...
-Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae). Part 4
Common Speedwell (Veronica Officinalis) Common Speedwell (Veronica Officinalis) is a popular little plant as common in dryfields and open woods as its preceding relative is in moist places. The prost...
-Figwort Family (Scrophulariaceae). Part 5
Wood Betony; Lousewort (Pedicularis Canadensis) Wood Betony; Lousewort (Pedicularis Canadensis) is a peculiar plant that we find in dry woods and thickets and often along roadsides. It almost always ...
-Broom-Rape Family (Orobanchaceae)
The members of this family are typical parasites, destitute of green foliage and practically colorless. Beech Drops; Cancer-Root (Epifagus Virginiana) This peculiar growth is found almost exclusiv...
-Bignonia Family (Bignoniaceae.)
A small family of woody plants having two-parted calyces and tubular, five-lobed corollas, the lobes somewhat irregular, the lower one usually being the largest. Trumpet Creeper (Tecoma Radicans) ...
-Plantain Family (Plantaginaceae)
A small family of despised weeds with coarse toothless leaves clustered at the root and tiny flowers on a coarse spike. English Plantain (Plantago Lanceolata) English Plantain (Plantago Lanceolata...
-Madder Family (Rublaceae)
A large family of shrubs or herbs with opposite or whorled leaves having entire edges. The flowers are regular, perfect and usually four-parted, with the same number of stamens as divisions to the cor...
-Honeysuckle Family (Caprifoliaceae)
A family composed of shrubs, vines or herbs with opposite leaves and perfect, usually regular flowers of a funnel-form. Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera Canadensis) Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera Canadensis) ...
-Bluebell Family (Campanulaceae)
A small family of herbs with alternate leaves and acrid, usually milky, juices. The flowers are regular and perfect and have a five-parted, usually bell-shaped, corolla. Bellflower (Campanula Rapun...
-Lobelia Family (Lobeliaceae)
A small family of herbs with acrid, milky juices, alternate leaves and loosely spiked, or scattered, irregular flowers. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia Cardinalis) Although exceedingly bright colored, th...
-Composite Family (Compositae)
Tall Blazing Star (Liatris Scariosa) Tall Blazing Star (Liatris Scariosa) is a tall, handsome perennial that throws up its beautiful spike of blossoms in Fall, together with those of the Asters and G...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 2
Thoroughwort; Boneset (Eupatorium Perfoliatum) Thoroughwort; Boneset (Eupatorium Perfoliatum) is a flowering herb, dearly beloved by the old-fashioned housewife and equally detested by the small boy....
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 3
Silver-Rod; White Golden-Rod (Solidago Bicolor) Silver-Rod; White Golden-Rod (Solidago Bicolor) bears the distinction of being the only one of our very numerous Golden-rods that does not have golden ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 4
Canada Golden-Rod (Soligado Canadensis) Canada Golden-Rod (Soligado Canadensis) is perhaps the most common and the handsomest of the genus. The flower cluster is very large and plume-like. The leaves...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 5
New England Aster (Aster Novae-Anglae) New England Aster (Aster Novae-Anglae) is one of the largest of the genus, its stem attaining heights of from 2 to 6 feet; it is also one of the most common and...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 6
Heart-Leaved Aster (Aster Cordifolius) Heart-Leaved Aster (Aster Cordifolius) is a common species, readily identified by the shape of its leaves that are, the lower ones especially, heart-shaped and ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 7
Many-Flowered Aster (Aster Multiflorus) Many-Flowered Aster (Aster Multiflorus) has, as its name would lead one to think, very many flowers, but they are small, averaging less than inch across. In ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 8
Sharp-Leaved Wood Aster (Aster Acumina-Tus) Sharp-Leaved Wood Aster (Aster Acumina-Tus) is a low-growing woodland aster with a simple, rather zig zag stem, quite hairy, growing from 1 to 3 feet in he...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 9
Rosin-Weed; Compass Plant (Silphium Laciniatum) Rosin-Weed; Compass Plant (Silphium Laciniatum) is a large, showy-flowered plant found on the western prairies. It has a stout, rough, bristly stem tha...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 10
Robin's Plantain (Erigeron Pulchellus) Robin's Plantain (Erigeron Pulchellus) is one of the earliest members of the composite family to bloom. In fact it is often known as the Blue Spring Daisy, a ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 11
Tall Cone-Flower (Rudbeckia Laciniata) Tall Cone-Flower (Rudbeckia Laciniata) is a tall, lanky member of this genus, with an entirely different temperament from that of the Blackeyed Su-son. No hot, ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 12
Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus) Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus) is, like the Common Sunflower, a valuable species, and one that is often cultivated because of its edible roots, ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 13
Larger Bur-Marigold; Brook Sunflower (Bidens Laevis) Larger Bur-Marigold; Brook Sunflower (Bidens Laevis) is a very attractive species while it is in flower, but later, after the little seeds have fo...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 14
Mayweed; Chamomile (Anthemis Cotula) (European) Mayweed; Chamomile (Anthemis Cotula) (European) is also a common weed found by the wayside in company with the last species. The stem is very branchy, ...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 15
Arnica (Arnica Mollis) Arnica (Arnica Mollis) is a northern plant with large, delicate, pure yellow, daisy-like flowers. Its slightly hairy stem grows from 1 to 2 feet tall. The basal leaves are long...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 16
Pasture Thistle (Cirsium Pumilum) Pasture Thistle (Cirsium Pumilum) is the thistle that we most often see in fields and pastures. It is one of the largest of the genus, its heads often measuring thre...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 17
Fall Dandelion (Leontodon Autumnalis) (European) Fall Dandelion (Leontodon Autumnalis) (European) is a small dandelion, naturalized from Europe and common in the Eastern States during Fall, or from t...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 18
Red-Seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum Erythros-Permum) Red-Seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum Erythros-Permum) is a smaller species, also European, with more deeply cut leaves, (pinnatifid), and with reddish-brow...
-Composite Family (Compositae). Part 19
Canada Hawkweed (Hieracium Canadense) Canada Hawkweed (Hieracium Canadense) is a smooth, slender, leafy-stemmed species. Besides the large, spreading, basal ones, the stem is alternately set with ste...
-Key To Flowers By Color
The flowers are grouped under their most conspicuous colors, the ones the novice would be most apt to call them. As far as possible the smallest flowers are placed first in each section. White As T...
-Key To Flowers By Color. Part 2
Purple Or Magenta Colored Flowers Blue-eyed grass - 6-parted, white center......... 73 Sundew. - Raceme; leaves thread-like ......... 147 St. Johnswort. - Flesh color, 5 petals ...........207 Spee...
-Key To Flowers By Color. Part 3
Red As The Conspicuous Flower-Color Wood Lily - Deep orange-red, spotted; erect..... 41 Columbine - Pendulous; 5-spurred ..............129 Pitcher Plant - Leaves hollow .................145 Pimper...









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