Vermont to Minn, southward to Georgia.
Flowers: imperfect; clustered in a slender-stalked umbel. Calyx: short; with five small teeth. Corolla: of five petals. Stamens: five. Pistil: one. Fruit: a bright red berry. Leaves: three, whorled below the flowers and pal-mately divided into three to five ovate, pointed leaflets on each of the three petioles. Stem: about one foot high. Roots: forked; aromatic.
This plant is eagerly sought for in the woods not only by lovers of flowers, who appreciate it as a rarity, but also by those who consider the commercial value of its roots. It is closely allied to the true Mandchurian ginseng of China and is exported there from this country in large quantities. The Chinese regard its stimulating properties as more powerful than those of any other drug to invigourate the system. As is the case with the Mediterranean mandrake, the forked specimens are thought to resemble the human form, and the name ginseng is a corruption of the Chinese Jintsan, meaning like a man. The plant has not, however, so uncanny a reputation as the mandrake and does not cry out when uprooted from the earth.