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A Guide To The Wild Flowers | by Alice Lounsberry



The love of flowers is one of the earliest of passions, as it is one of the most enduring. Children with the bees and butterflies delight in the opening of the spring; and a bright boy that is reared in the country follows the season by its flowers. He it is that knows when to push aside the snow and dried leaves to find the first sweet blossoms of the trailing arbutus; nor does he mistake the dell where the white violet peeps shyly out for the spreading patch of blue violets to which he returns every year. He knows the hillside where the mountain laurel and the lambkill grow, and drives away the foolish cows that would eat of their fresh, green shoots. The precious haunt of the pink orchis and the rocky crag over which droops the lovely columbine is to him an unravelled mystery. A stream of fishing he marks by the stately cardinal flower or the coy jewel-weed.

TitleA Guide To The Wild Flowers
AuthorAlice Lounsberry
PublisherFrederick A. Stokes Company
Year1899
Copyright1899, Frederick A. Stokes Company
AmazonA Guide to the Wild Flowers

With Sixty-Four Coloured And One Hundred Black-And-White Plates And Fifty Four Diagrams By Mrs. Ellis Rowan

With an Introduction By Dr. N. L. Britton, Emeritus Professor of Botany, Columbia University, Author of "An Illustrated Flora" and Director of the New York Botanical Garden.

-Preface
The love of flowers is one of the earliest of passions, as it is one of the most enduring. Children with the bees and butterflies delight in the opening of the spring; and a bright boy that is reared ...
-Introduction
One of the first questions a botanist asks about a plant is, Where did it grow, and the next is, When and where did you get it, Yet it is surprising how seldom these points are noted, and how many...
-A Chapter to Study
No attempt has been made in the following chapter to acquaint the student with every term that it is possible to use in describing the organs of a plant; but enough have been explained and used throug...
-A Chapter to Study. Part 2
When the parts of the Calyx or Corolla are united, the terms used to express their different forms are: Salver-Shaped: when the border is flat and spread out at right angles from the top of the tube....
-A Chapter to Study. Part 3
Cleistogamous flowers are those small, inconspicuous blossoms of the late season that usually grow near the ground and never open. They are, however, fruitful, being self-fertilized within themselves....
-Five Conspicuous Plant Families
We find, much to our encouragement, that there are a few plant families with which we at once become familiar; and their marked features impress us as those of unusual faces that have to be seen but o...
-The Arum Family. Araceae
Although one of the smallest in numbers, the arum family comprises some of our most quaint and interesting flowers. Its characteristics are strongly marked and its tastes appear to be most patrician. ...
-The Lily Family. Liliaceae
The lily family is one that is distinctly marked by its regular, symmetrical flowers. Its floral envelope is a perianth that is sometimes white or gaily coloured, but very rarely green. Almost invaria...
-The Pulse Family. Papilionaceae
The butterfly-shaped or papilionaceous corolla serves readily to identify a member of the pulse family. It is almost as unfailing as the nose of the Hohenzollerns. But we poor mortals may not flatter ...
-The Primrose Family. Primulaceae
We may look upon the primrose family as a group that shows us regular, perfect flowers. And after having tried our patience over the unexpected developments of other families it is certainly a pleasur...
-The Composite Family. Compositae
The composite family, like the majority of mortals, has its good and its bad characteristics; but if we drink deep enough of knowledge of the family and put ourselves in friendship with it, we will pr...
-Plants Growing in Water
Almost hidden under the benevolent shade of an overhanging bough a little pond is lying. It has awaked from its long winter sleep of apathy and is upholding its world of life to the sunshine. The pale...
-Water-Arum. Wild Calla. Calla Palustris
(Plate 1.) Family Arum. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Penn. northward. Time Of Bloom June. Inflorescence: terminal; solitary. The flowers clustered upon a thick, fleshy spadix about ...
-Golden Club. Orontium aquaticum
(Plate II.) Family Arum. Colour Golden. Odour Scentless. Range Mass. southward. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: very small; crowded on a spadix. Leaves: on long petioles; floating; oblong. Scap...
-Water-Shield. Brashiia purpurea
Family Water-lily. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: small; axillary. Calyx and Corolla: of three or four divisions. Stamens: twelve to eighte...
-White Water Lily. Water Nymph. Castalia odorata.
Family Water-lily. Colour White or rose. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: large; solitary. Calyx: of four to six sepals. Corolla: of numerous petals in many ...
-Yellow Pond-Lily. Spatter Dock. (Plate III.). Nymphaea advena.
Family Water-lily, Colour Yellow, centre tinged with crimson.' Odour Unpleasant. Range General. Time Of Bloom May-August. Flowers: unattractive; solitary. Calyx: of six to eight unequal sepa...
-Yellow Nelumbo. Sacred Bean. Water Chinquepin. (Plate Iv.). Nelumbo lutea.
Family Water-lily. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Middle states, west and south. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: one to five inches in diameter; growing singly on long, naked sca...
-Common White Water Crowfoot. Batrachium trichophyllum
(Plate V.) Family Crow foot. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: small; terminal. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla: of five white, rounded petals ...
-Yellow Water Crowfoot. Ranunculus deiphinifolius
(Plate V) The yellow water crowfoot is very similar in appearance to the white one, only its bright petals are larger. In fact, they closely resemble those of the field buttercup. The submerged leave...
-Water Hemlock. Cicuta maculata
(Plate VI.) Family Parsley. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north, west and south. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: minute; numerous; growing in loose, compound umbels. Leaves...
-Water Parsnip. Sium cicutaefolium
Family Parsley. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north, west and south. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: small; numerous; growing in umbels. Leaves: alternate; pinnate; with man...
-Pickerel Weed. Pontederia cordata
Family Pickerel-weed. Colour Purplish blue. Odour Unpleasant. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: irregular; growing in a dense spike. Perianth: labiate; the three upper lobes ...
-Water Star Grass. Heteranthera dubia
Family Pickerel-weed. Colour Pale vellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: perfect; solitary. Perianth: salver-shaped, of six equal divisions that terminat...
-Water Hyacinth. Piaropus crassipes
(Plate VII.) Family Pickerel-weed. Colour Pinkish blue. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly in Florida. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing in thick clusters on a flower stalk. Perianth: labia...
-Common Bladderwort. Utricularia vulgaris
(Plate VIII.) Family Bladderivort. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: several growing on each scape. Calyx: labiate or two-lipped Corolla: lab...
-Arrow-Head. Sagittaria latifolia
(Plate IX.) Family Water-plantain. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: growing in whorls of three oh a leafless scape. Calyx: open; of three sep...
-Water Plantain. Alisma Plant ago-aquatica
(Plate X.) Family Water-plantain. Colour Rose white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: small; numerous; whorled in panicles. Calyx: of three persistent sep...
-Amphibious Knotweed. Polygonum amphibium
(Plate XI.) Family Buckwheat. Colour Rose. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: rather showy; massed in a dense spike. Calyx: of five petal-like, parted...
-Floating-Heart. Limnanthemum lacunosum
(Plate XII.) Family Buckbean. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Florida. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: growing in an umbel near the top of the stalk from under the leave...
-American Brooklime. Veronica Americana
Family Figwort. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom April-September. Flowers: growing loosely in axillary, slender racemes. Corolla: wheel-shaped, of fou...
-Skunk Cabbage. Spathyema faestida
Family Arum. Colour Madder, purple, yellow and green. Odour Disagreeable. Range Mostly north, sparingly west and south. Time of Bloom February' April. Flowers: inconspicuous; perfect; arrang...
-American Crinum. Crinum Americanum
(Plate XIII) Family Amaryllis. Colour White. Odour Very fragrant. Range Florida and westward. Time Of Bloom May-September. Flowers: two to four, growing umbel-like at the top of a thick sca...
-Swamp Pink. Helonias bullata
(Plate XIV.) Family Bunch-flower. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range New York, southward to Virginia. Time of Bloom April, May. Flozvers: growing in a terminal, blunt raceme. Perianth: d...
-Indian Poke. False Hellebore. Puppet Root. Veratrum viride
Family Bunch-flower. Colour Greenish yellow, becoming more green as the flowers grow older. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly east, south and west. Time of Bloom May-July. Flowers: growing in ra...
-Pitcher Plant. Huntsman's-Cup. Sidesaddle Flower. (Plate. XV.) Sarracenia purpurea
Family Pitcher-plant. Colour Crimson, green, or pink. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly north and east. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: nodding; solitary; growing on a naked scape about one foot hig...
-Marsh Marigold. Caltha palustris
(Plate XVI.) Family Crowfoot. Colour Bright yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing in clusters on long petioles. Calyx: usually of five, but...
-Water-Plantain Spearwort. Ranunculus obtusiusculus
Family Crowfoot. Colour Golden yellow. Odour Scentless. Range North, sparingly south and west. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: growing singly, or clustered in panicles. Calyx: of five sm...
-Gold Thread. Coptis trifolia
(Plate XVII.) Family Crowfoot. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range North, sparingly west and south. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: of five to seven sepals that fall...
-Chokeberry. Aronia arbutifolia
Family Rose. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly along the coast. Time Of Bloom May. June. Flowers: small, clustered. Calyx: of five cleft sepals. Corolla: of five rosaceous petals. ...
-Swamp Rose. Rosa Carolina
(Plate XVIII.) Family Rose. Colour Soft, crimson pink. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range General. Time Of Bloom June-August. Flowers: large; rarely solitary. Calyx: of five cleft sepals that t...
-Water Avens. Purple Avens. Geum rivale
Family Rose. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range North and west. Time Of Bloom May-July. Flowers: large; nodding; terminal; growing sparingly on the flower stems. Calyx: top-shaped, with f...
-Poison Sumach. Poison Elder. Rhus vernix
Family Cashew. Colour Dull greenish white. Odour Sulphurous. Range Florida northward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: axillary; many imperfect; growing in loose panicles. Leaves: pinnately divi...
-American Jacobs Ladder. Polembnium Van Bruntiae
Family Phlox. Colour Bluish purple. Odour Scentless. Range Vermont to Maryland. Time Of Bloom May-July. Flowers: loosely clustered in panicles. Calyx: five-lobed. Corolla: with five rounded ...
-Lizard's Tail. Saururus cernuus
(Plate XIX.) Family Pepper. Colour White. Odour Fragrant. Range Connecticut, southward along the eastern coast. Time Of Bloom June-August. Flowers: crowded in a tail-like, curving spike. St...
-Wild Honeysuckle. Pinxter Flower. Pink Azalea. Azalea nudiflora
(Plate XX, Frontispiece.) Family Heath. Colour Rose, or pinkish red. Odour Faintly fragrant. Range Maine, southward along the coast. Time of Bloom May. Plate xx. Wild Honeysuckle. Azale...
-White Swamp Honeysuckle. Clammy Azalea. Azalea viscosa
(Plate XXI) Family Heath. Colour White, tinged with pink. Odour Very fragrant. Range Maine, southward along the coast. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: clustered; coming into blossom afte...
-Creeping Snowberry. Chiogenes hispidula
Family Heath. Colour White. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: small; nodding; axillary. Calyx: of four sepals with two large bractlets underneath. Stamens: eigh...
-American Cranberry. Oxycoccus macrocarpus
(Plate XXII.) Family Heath. Colour Pale rose. Odour Scentless. Range North Carolina, northward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: terminal; nodding on long pedicels that are sometimes axillary. ...
-Marsh Andromeda. Wild Rosemary. Marsh Holy Rose. Andromeda polifolia
Family Heath. Colour White, or pink tinged with red. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: growing in umbel-like, drooping clusters. Calyx: of five sepals. Co...
-Calypso. Calypso bulbosa
Family Orchis. Colour Pink, variegated with yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Northern latitudes. Time Of Bloom May. Flowers: large; terminal; solitary; drooping. The sepals and petals narrow a...
-Arethusa. Arethusa bulbosa
Family Orchis. Colour Rose pink. Odour Fragrant. Range Maine to Virginia. Time Of Bloom May. June. Flowers; large; terminal; solitary; with two small scales underneath. The lip fringed, spot...
-Showy Lady's Slipper. Cypripedium reginae
Family Orchis. Colour White and pink. Odour Fragrant. Range New England southward to North Carolina. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: terminal; solitary. The sepals and petals pure white; ...
-Calopogon. Grass Pink. Limodorum tuberosum
(Plate XXIII.) Family Orchis. Colour Magenta pink. Odour Fragrant. Range Northeast to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing loosely in varying numbers on a long s...
-Large Purple-Fringed Orchis. Habenaria grandiflora
Family Orchis. Colour Violet purple. Odour Fragrant. Range New England southward and westward. Time Of Bloom June, July. Flowers: clustered in dense raceme-like spikes. The large lip one and...
-White-Fringed Orchis. Habenaria blephariglottis
(Plate XXVI.) Family Orchis. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Northward to Minnesota, and in New Jersey. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: crowded on a short, oblong spike and having slender...
-Moss Milkwort. Polygala cruciata
Family Milkzuort, Colour Pink or greenish. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom August. Flowers: small; growing in close, short spikes at the ends of the branc...
-Marsh Clematis. Clematis crispa
(Plate XXVII) Perhaps the most beautiful of our native species is the blue clematis of the marshes. Its large, solitary, nodding flowers., which are gracefully shaped, and silky styles, give it a del...
-Marsh St. John's Wort. Triadenum Virginicum
Family St. John's-wort. Colour Flesh coloured, or pale purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: small; axillary; terminal; in close clusters; growing si...
-Horned Bladderwort. Utricularia cornuta
(Plate XXVIII.) Among the aquatics (page 34, Plate VIII) we have already acquainted ourselves with a curious connection of this pretty plant. U. cornuta we find in peat bogs; it does not bear any bla...
-Shall Magnolia. Sweet Bay. Magnolia Virginiana
Family Magnolia. Colour White. Odour Fragrant. Range Along the coast. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: solitary; terminal at the end of the branches. Calyx: of three sepals on the receptac...
-Rose Hallow. Swamp Mallow. Hibiscus Moscheutos
(Plate XXIX.) Family Mallow. Colour Pink. Odour Scetless. Range A long the coast. Time of Bloom August. Flowers: large; seven to eight inches in diameter; solitary. Calyx: of five green sep...
-Sea Lavender. Harsh Rosemary. Limonium Carolinianum
Family Lead-wort. Colour Lavender. Odour Fragrant. Range Along the coast. Time of Bloom August, September. Flowers: tiny; growing in panicles along one side of the branches. Calyx: funnel-fo...
-Buckbean. Menyanthes trifoliata
(Plate XXX.) Family Buckbean. Colour While, or reddish. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom May. June. Flowers: growing along a scape of about one foot high. Calyx: small; fi...
-Sea Pink. Sabbatia stellaris
Family Gentian. Colour Deep pink. Odour Scentless. Range Mass. southward. Time of Bloom August. Flowers: large; solitary; terminal on the ends of the flower-stalks. Calyx: of five-parted lin...
-Venus's Fly-Trap. Dionaea muscipula
(Plate XXXII.) Family Sundew. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Wilmington, N. C. Time of Bloom Spring. Flowers; growing on a scape in a flat-topped umbel. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla...
-Round-Leaved Sundew. Drosera rolundifolia
Family Sundew. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Northern and eastern. Time of Bloom Midsummer. Flowers: small , growing on one side of a raceme like cluster at the end of a naked scape t...
-Southern Lobelia. Lobelia amna
Family Lobelia. Colour Blue or white. Odour Scentless. Range Florida to South Carolina and westward. Time Of Bloom September, October. Flowers: growing profusely in a close, one-sided raceme...
-Salt-Harsh Fleabane. Phlchea camphorata
Family Composite. Colour Pale lavender pink. Odour Strongly scented. Range Along the coast. Time of Bloom September. Flower-heads: composed of small, tubular flowers arranged in a flat corym...
-Swamp Milkweed. Asclepias incarnata
Family Milkweed. Colour Crimson. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Louisiana. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: perfect; regular; growing in terminal umbels. Calyx: of five sepals, the tu...
-Ashy Milkweed. Asclepias cinerea
(Plate XXXIII.) Family Milkweed. Colour Purple without, ash coloured within. Odour Scentless. Range Florida to South Carolina. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: small; growing in umbels....
-Golden-Rod
Solidago uligsnosa is a golden-rod that we find in the peat bogs. It is one of the earliest of the genus to come into bloom, often budding out in July. The small flowers are closely crowded in long, n...
-New England Asters. Aster Nov-Angli
The rich soil of the swamps and low grounds can boast as lovely members of the aster family as any field, or roadside bank. The common New England aster is tall and stately; from four to eight feet hi...
-Larger Blue Flag. Fleur-De-Lis. Iris versicolor
(Plate XXXIV.) Family Iris. Colour Royal purple, variegated with white, yellow and green. Odour Scentless. Range Southward to the Gulf. Time of Bloom May, June. Mowers: large; solitary; gro...
-Crested Dwarf-Iris. Iris cristata
(Plate XXXV.) This is one of the sturdy dwarf irises, which follows the Al-leghanies and chooses the rocky banks of streams for its dwelling place. It blossoms in April and May and is of a soft viole...
-Pointed Blue-Eyed Grass. Sisyrinchium angustifolium
(Plate XXXVI.) Family Iris. Colour Blue with yellow centre. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom May-August. Flowers: solitary; growing from a pair of green bracts. Perianth: of si...
-Yellow-Adder's Tongue. Dog's-Tooth Violet. Erythronium Americanum
(Plate XXXVII.) Family Lily. Colour Pale yellow, tinged with purple. Odour Scentless. Range Throughout the east. Time Of Bloom March-May. Flowers: terminal; solitary; nodding. Perianth: of ...
-Wild Yellow Lily. Meadow Lily. Lilium Canadense
Family Lily. Colour Yellow, spotted with rich brown. Odour Scentless. Range New England, southward and westward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: terminal; solitary, or a few; nodding. Per...
-Turk's-Cap Lily. Lilium superbum
Family Lily. Colour Orange, spotted with purple. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Minnesota, and southward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: nodding; growing in a pyramidal cluster of th...
-Blazing Star. Devil's Bit. Drooping Star-Wort. Cham lirhim luteun
Family Bunch-flower. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south and west. Time Of Bloom May-July. Flowers: small; staminate and pistillate; nodding; growing in a spike-like raceme. Le...
-Stout Stenanthium. Stenanthium robustum
(Plate XXXIX.) Family Bunch-flower. Colour White, with green centre. Odour Scentless. Range Penn. southward and westward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: clustered in a long, panicled,...
-Four Winged Snowdrop Tree. Mohrodendron Carolinum
(Plate XL.) Family Storax. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south and west. Time Of Bloom March, April. Flowers: growing in loose racemes along the branches. Calyx: short; four-t...
-Choke-Cherry. Primus Virginiana
(Plate XLI.) Family Plum. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England south to Georgia and west to Colorado. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: clustered in short, close racemes. Calyx...
-Meadow-Sweet. Queen Of The Meadows. Spira salicifolia
Family Rose. Colour Pink or white. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward. Time of Bloom June, July and August. Flowers: small; clustered in panicles. Calyx: of five cleft sepals. Coro...
-Steeple Bush. Hardhack. Spiraea tomentosa
Family Rose. Colour Peach-blow pink. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: small; thickly clustered in a pyramidal spike. Calyx: of five sepals. Coroll...
-Smaller Forget Me Not. Myosotis laxa
Family Borage. Colour Pale blue. Odour Scentless. Range From the north to Virginia and Tennessee. Time Of Bloom May-July. Flowers: small; growing in a raceme. Calyx: five-lobed; hairy. Corol...
-Bluebells. Virginia Cowsilp. Lungwort. Mertensia Virginica
Family Borage. Colour Light blue. Odour Scentless. Range New York southward and westward. Time of Bloom Aprils May. Flowers: hanging from slender pedicels in a raceme-like cluster. Calyx: sm...
-Common Harebell. Campanula rotundifolia
Family Bellflower. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing in a raceme on slender flower-stalks. Calyx: tubular; with five, narr...
-Tall Wild Bellflower. Campanula Americana
(Plate XLII.) Family Bellflower. Colour Light blue. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom June. July. Flowers: borne thickly on a long spike. Calyx: tubular; of five s...
-Colorado Shooting Star. American Cowslip. Dodecatheon Meadia frigidum
(Plate XLIII) Family Primrose. Colour Lilac, or pink terminating in yellow. Odour Spicy, like cinnamon. Range The Rocky mountains. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: two to twenty growing i...
-Bulb-Bearing Loosestrife. Lysimachia terrestris
Family Primrose. Colour Yellow, marked with brownish red. Odour Scentless. Range Common north and south. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing on long pedicels in a terminal, leafy race...
-Fringed Loosestrife. Steironema ciliatum
Family Primrose. Colour Yellow, with dull red centre. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south and west. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: axillary; on long peduncles. Calyx: of five green sepal...
-Small Willow Herb. Epilbbium coloratum
Family Evening primrose. Colour Pale magenta. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers; small; slightly nodding; growing in terminal corymbs. Calyx: of four parted sepal...
-Common Fringe Tree. Chionanthus Virginica
Family Olive. Colour Snow white. Odour Scentless. Range Penn. southward. Time of Bloom Late spring and early summer. Flowers: growing in loose panicles. Calyx: very small; tubular. Corolla: ...
-Trumpet-Flower. Trumpet-Creeper. Tecoma radicans
(Plate XLIV.) Family Bignonia. Colour Orange, yellow and scarlet. Odour Scentless. Range New Jersey south-ward and westword. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: very showy; axillary; growi...
-Wild Red-Osier Dogwood. Cornus stolonifera
Family Dogwood. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: small; growing in spreading cymes. Calyx: tiny; four-toothed. Corolla: of four oblong petals....
-Panicled Cornel, Or Dogwood. Cornus candidissima
Family Dogwood. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to North. Carolina and westward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: small; growing in loose cymes. Calyx, Corolla, Stamens, and Pi...
-Bulbous Cress. Cardamine bulbosa
Family Mustard. Colour White or pinkish. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: rather large; growing in terminal clusters. Calyx: of four spreading sepals t...
-Cut-Leaved Toothwort. Pepper-Root. Dentaria laciniata
Family Mustard. Colour White or pinkish purple. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time Of Bloom April-June. Flowers: growing in a terminal raceme. Calyx: of four sep...
-Dwarf Cassandra. Leather-Leaf. Chamaedaphne Calyculata
Family Heath. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Throughout the middle states. Time Of Bloom Early spring. Flowers: small; growing in one-sided, open leafy racemes. Calyx: of five sepals, ...
-Button-Bush. River-Bush. Globe Flower. Honey Balls. Cephalanthus occidentalis
(Plate XLV.) Family Madder. Colour White. Odour Very fragrant. Range General. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: small; clustered in a spherical head. Calyx: four-lobed. Corolla: tubular;...
-Bluets. Quaker Ladies. Houstonia caerulea
(Plate XLVI) Family Madder. Colour Blue, with yellow centre. Odour Scentless. Range Nova Scotia to Michigan,and southward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: four-...
-Purple Spiked Loosestrife. Lythrum Salicaria
Family Loosestrife. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range General in middle states. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers; whorled in a terminal, wand-like spike, tipped a little at the end. Ca...
-Carrion- Flower. Cat- Brier. Smilax herbacea
Family Smilax. Colour Greenish, with yellow. Odour Foul. Range General. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: small; imperfect; growing in umbels. Perianth: bell-shaped, of six divisions. Stame...
-Meadow Parsnip. Thaspium barbinode
Family Parsley. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Northward to Minn. South to Arkansas. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: very small: growing in umbels, or compound umbels. Leaves: alter...
-Hock Bishop-Weed. Ptillmnium capillaceum
Family Parsley. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Middle states. Time of Bloom June-October. Flowers: very small; clustered in compound umbels with finely divided bracts underneath. Leave...
-Sweet White Violet. Viola blanda
(Plate CXXXV.) Family Violet. Colour White; the lower petals veined with purple. Odour Delicately fragrant. Range Northward from the Alleghanies. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: small; terminal...
-Tall Meadow Rue. Thalictrum polygamum
(Plate XLVII) Family Crowfoot. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom June, July and August. Flowers: growing in large compound panicles. Cal...
-Monkshood. Wolf's Bane. Friar's Cap. Aconitum uncinatum
(Plate XLVIII.) Family Crowfoot. Colour Blue purple. Odour Scentless. Range Virginia, northward to New Jersey. Time of Bloom June-September. Flowers: growing on upcurved pedicels in loose p...
-Nightshade. Bitter Sweet. Scarlet Berry. Solatium dulcamara
Family Nightshade. Colour Purple, dotted with green. Odour Scentless. Range Maine westward. Time Of Bloom June-September. Flowers: growing in drooping cymes on slender flower-stalks. Calyx: ...
-Mock Apple. Wild Balsam Apple. Micrampelis lobata
(Plate XLIX.) Family Gourd. Colour Greenish white. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward and westward. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: small; the staminate ones closely crowded in a...
-Smaller St. John's-Wort. Hypericum ellipticum
Family St. John's-wort. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom Midsummer. Flowers: not many; growing in a cyme. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla: of fi...
-White-Flowered Sidalcea. Sidaleea Candida
(Plate L.) Family Mallow. Colour White or cream. Odour Scentless. Range Colorado southward. Time of Bloom Summer and early autumn. Flowers: growing in a terminal raceme. Calyx: of five ovat...
-Blue Eved Mary. Innocence. Collinsia verna
Family Figwort. Colour Blue and white. Odour Scentless. Range Western New York southward and west7vard. Time of Bloom Early spring. Flowers: growing on long slender peduncles that are whorle...
-Monkey-Flower. Mimulus ringens
Family Figwort. Colour Pinkish, deep violet. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern and middle states. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: solitary; axillary; hanging from slender peduncles. Calyx:...
-Cardinal Monkey-Flower. Mimnlus cardinalis
(Plate LI.) Family Figwort. Colour Bright, brick red. Odour Scentless. Range West of Minnesota. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: solitary; axillary. Calyx: prism-shaped; five-toothed. Corolla...
-Turtle-Head. Snake-Head. Chelone glabra
(Plate LII.) Family Figwort. Colour Pinkish white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: axillary; growing in spike-like racemes on a leafy flower-stalk. Calyx...
-Hedge Hyssop. Gratiola aurea
(Plate LIV.) Family Figwort. Colour Golden. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly east and south. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: growing at the end of, and along the flower-stalks. Calyx: of fi...
-Meadow Beauty. Deer Grass. Rhexia Virginica
(Plate L V.) Family Melastoma. Colour Magenta pink. Odour Scentless. Range Common north. Time of Bloom Summer and early autumn. Flowers: large; solitary, or clustered. Calyx: urn-shaped; fo...
-Large Flowered Milkwort. Potygala grandiflora
(Plate LV.) Family Milkwort. Colour Rose purple. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: clustered in long racemes on flower-stalks. Calyx: of five very une...
-Purple Polygala. Potygala viridescens
Family Milkwort. Colour Rose lavender, white or greenish. Odour Scentless, Range New England south to N. Carolina and westward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing in a dense oblong head,...
-Slender Day Flower. Commelina erecta
(Plate LVI.) Family Spiderwort. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless, Range Penn. southward and westward. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers: terminal; solitary; irregular; growing from an up...
-Common Day Flower. Commelina Virginica
Family Spiderwort. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range New York to Florida. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: terminal; solitary; irregular; growing from an upper spathe-like leaf. Calyx: unequ...
-Spiderwort. Tradescantia montana
(Plate LVII) Family Spiderwort. Colour Blue, with orange-yellow anthers. Odour Scentless. Range South and west. Time of Bloom May-August. Flowers: growing in a loose umbel at the end of the...
-Cranberry Tree. Wild Guelder-Rose. Plate (CXXXVI) Viburnum Opulus
Family Honeysuckle. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England westward. Time of Bloom Spring. Flowers: fertile flowers, with parts arranged in fives and clustered in a cyme; neutral f...
-Elder. Elderberry. Sambucus Canadensis
Family Honeysuckle. Colour White. Odour Sweet, like honey. Range General. Time Of Bloom June, July. Flowers: minute; growing in large flat cymes. Calyx: tubular, with small teeth. Corolla: u...
-Jewel-Weed. Touch Me Not. Impatiens biflora
(Plate LVIII.) Family Jewel-weed. Colour Orange yellow spotted with reddish brown. Odour Scentless. Range Common southward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: clustered; axillary; nodding from ...
-Cardinal Flower. Lobelia cardinalis
(Plate LIX) Family Lobelia. Colour Cardinal. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom August. Flowers: growing in long, terminal racemes and favouring one side of the stem. Calyx: five...
-Great Lobelia. Blue Cardinal Flower. Lobelia syphilltica
(Plate LX.) Family Lobelia. Colour Pinkish purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer and early autumn. Flowers: growing closely in a leafy panicle. Calyx: of five very sh...
-Round Leaved Psoralea. Psoralea orbicularis
(Plate LXI.) Family Pulse. Colour Purplish. Odour Scentless. Range Western and southern states. Time of Bloom Early summer. Flowers: growing in a dense, pyramidal spike. Calyx: deeply parte...
-Wild Mint. Mentha Canadensis
Family Mint. Colour Pinkish lavender. Odour Like pennyroyal. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers: tiny; growing in round clusters in the axils of the leaves. Calyx: ...
-Oswego-Tea. Bee Balm. Monarda didyma
(Plate LXII.) Family Mint. Colour Brilliant cardinal. Odour Pleasantly fragrant. Range Throughout the north, Time of Bloom Sammer. Flowers: clustered in a rounded head. Calyx: five-toothed;...
-Mad Dog Skull Cap. Scutellaria lateriflora
Family Mint. Colour Blue, or violet. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: small; growing in axillary, one-sided leafy racemes on spike-like branches. Calyx: of...
-Obedient Plant. False Dragon Head. Physostegia Virginiana
(Plate LXIII.) Family Mint. Colour Pinkish crimson. Odour Scentless. Range New York southward and westward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing closely in a dense spike on axillary flowe...
-Fringed Gentian. Gentiana crinita
(Plate LXIV.) Family Gentian. Colour Brilliant blue, or white. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time Of Bloom September, October. Flowers; terminal; solitary. Calyx: of four un...
-Closed Gentian. Gentiana Andrewsii
(Plate LXV) Family Gentian. Colour Deep blue. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom Autumn. Flowers: terminal and clustered in the axils of the leaves. Calyx: of four or five-c...
-Sneezeweed. Swamp Sunflower. Helenium autumnale
(Plate LXVI) Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer and autumn. Flower-heads: growing singly, or clustered loosely in a corymb and compos...
-Blue Stokesia. Stokesia cyanea
(Plate LXVII.) Family Composite. Colour Blue. Odour Sweetly scented. Range S. Carolina, Georgia and Louisiana. Time of Bloom Late summer and autumn. Flower-heads: large; terminal; individua...
-Wild Lettuce. Lactuca Canadensis
Family Chicory. Colour Pale yellow, purple or reddish. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flower-heads: growing in leafy panicles; composed of strap-shaped flowers. L...
-Joe-Pye-Weed. Trumpet-Weed. Eupatorium purphreum
(Plate LXVIII.) Family Composite. Colour Crimson purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: small; growing in dense, compound corymbs at the end of the stem...
-Cut-Leaved Golden Rod. Solidago arguta
(Plate LXIX.) Family Composite. Colour Greenish yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New Hampshire to Pennsylvania. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flower-heads: growing on stalks in a dense pyramidal...
-Jack In The Pulpit. Indian Turnip. Ariaema triphyllum
(Plate LXX.) Family Arum. Colour Green and pinkish purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: tiny; clustered at the base of a fleshy spadix, which is envelo...
-Strophilirion. Strophilirion Califomicum
(Plate LXXI) Family Lily. Colour Rose. Odour Scentless. Range In the Sierra Nevadas and California. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: growing in a many-flowered umbel with a row of bracts underne...
-Wood Lily. Wild Red Lily. Lilium Philadeiphicum
Family Lily. Colour Orange red. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers; terminal; solitary; erect. Perianth: of six divisions, spotted with purple ...
-Twisted Stalk. Streptopus roseus
(Plate LXXII.) Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour Rose purple. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom Late spring and summer. Flowers; small; axillary; hanging on thread-like flo...
-Solomon's Seal. Polygonatum biflorum
Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour Dingy yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers; growing singly, or in pairs on slender pedicels that droop fro...
-False Solomons Seal. Wild Spikenard. Vagnera racemosa
Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour Greenish white. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: tiny; growing in a compound panicle. Perianth: of six divisions. St...
-False Lily-Of-The-Valley. Two-Leaved Solomon's Seal. Unifolium Canadense
Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour White or faint yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers; small; clustered in a terminal spike. Pe...
-Indian Cucumber-Root. Medeola Virginiana
Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour Greenish yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Rather general. Time of Bloom June. Flowers; small; clustered on short reflexed pedicels at the summit of the stem. ...
-Large-Flowered Wake-Robin. Trillium grandiflorum
(Plate LXXIII.) Family Lily-of-the-valley, Colour White, turning later to pink. Odour Scentless. Range Vermont to Penn. and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: terminal; solitary. ...
-Painted Trillium. Trillium undulatum
(Plate LXXIV) Family Lily-of-the- vaIley. Colour White, veined with crimson and purple. Odour Scentless. Range Following the Alleghany Mountains to Georgia. Time of Bloom Spring. Flowers: t...
-Ill-Scented Wake Robin. Birthroot. Trillium erectum
Family Lily-of-the-valley. Colour Reddish purple. Odour Unpleasant. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom April-June. Flowers; terminal; solitary; slightly inclined to be nodding. Perianth; of t...
-Bellwort. Uvularia sessilifolia
Family Bunch-flower. Colour Straw colour. Odour Scentless. Range New England to Georgia. Time of Bloom May. June. Flowers: one or two that droop from slender peduncles. Perianth; bell-shaped...
-Perfoliate Bellwort. Uvularia perfoliatea
Family bunch-flower. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward to Florida. Time of Bloom May, June. The principal difference between the perfoliate bellwort and the pr...
-Panicled Bellflower. Campanula divaricata
(Plate LXXV.) Family Bellflower. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range Southern Alleghanies. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers; small; one-third of an inch long; nodding; growing in spreadin...
-Canada Violet. Viola Canadensis
(Plate CXXXV.) Family Violet. Colour White, the two upper petals purple underneath. Odour Fragrant. Range North and west. Time of Bloom Summer. This is the largest and boldest of our wild v...
-Hawthorn. Scarlet-Fruited Thorn. Crataegus coccinea
Family Apple. Colour White, pink, or reddish. Odour Unpleasant. Range Newfoundland to Manitoba, S. to Florida and Texas. Time of Bloom Spring. Flowers: large; clustered in a corymb. Calyx: f...
-Dalibarda. Dalibdrda ripens
(Plate LXXVI.) Family Rose. Colour Pure white. Odour Faintly sweet. Range North. Time Of Bloom June, July. Flowers: one or two borne upon slender scapes. Calyx: of five or six unequal divis...
-Early White Rose. Rosa blanda
(Plate LXXVII.) Family Rose. Colour White. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom Late spring. This beautiful wild rose of rocky banks and woods has endeared itself to a...
-Early Meadow Rue. Thalictrum dioicun
Family Crowfoot. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing in loose panicles. Calyx: of four or five petal-l...
-Columbine. Aquilegia Canadensis
Family Crowfoot. Colour Red and yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Central. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: terminal; solitary; nodding from thread-like flower-stalks. Calyx: of five, red, ov...
-White Baneberry. Actaea alba
Family Crowfoot. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward. Time Of Bloom April. May. Flowers: small; in a dense, terminal raceme. Calyx: of four to six sepals that fall ear...
-Black Cohosh. Black Snakeroot. Bugbane. Cimicifuga racembsa
(Plate LXX1X.) Family Crowfoot. Colour White. Odour Disagreeable. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing in racemes one to three feet in length. Calyx: of four or five early ...
-Early Saxifrage. Saxifraga Virginiensis
Family Saxifrage. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Northeast to Georgia westward to Tennessee. Time of Bloom March-June. Flowers: small; densely clustered in cymes upon the ends of hairy...
-Foam Flower. False Mitre-Wort. Tiarella cordifolia
Family Saxifrage. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing in a raceme on a high scape. Calyx: of four parted sepal...
-Mtre-Wort. Bishop's Cap. Militia diphylla
Family Saxifrage. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward. Time Of Bloom May. The mitre-wort is very similar in effect to the foam-flower, although its beauty is of a much...
-Bunch-Berry. Dwarf Cornel. Cornus Canadensis
(Plate LXXX.) Family Dogwood. Colour White and green. Odour Scentless. Range New York 7vestzvard. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: very small, greenish and wrapped about by an involucre that ap...
-Flowering Dogwood. Cornus florida
(Plate LXXXI.) Family Dogwood. Colour White and green. Odour Scentless. Range Rather general. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: tiny; perfect; green; growing in a cluster and surrounded by ...
-Round Leaved Dogwood. Cornus circinata
Family Dogwood. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: small, in a flat open cluster having no involucre. Calyx: of four minute...
-Sourwood. Sorrel-Tree. Oxydendrum arboreum
(Plate LXXX1I) Family Heath. Colour White. Odour Sweet, like honey. Range Florida to Mississippi and westward. Time of Bloom April, May. Mowers: growing in terminal clusters. Calyx: five-pa...
-Mountain Laurel. Calico Bush. Spoonwood. Kalmia latifolia
(Plate LXXX III.) Family Heath. Colour White or pink deepening into red. Odour Very fragrant. Range Inland and middle states. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: terminal; axillary; growing i...
-Sheep Laurel. Lambkill. Wicky. Kalmia angustifolia
(Plate LXXXIV) Family Heath. Colour Rich, deep,pinkish crimson. Odour Scentless. Range New foundland to Georgia. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: axillary; clustered in corymbs. Calyx: of five ...
-Great Rhododendron. American Rose-Bay. Great Laurel. Rhododendron maximum
(Plate LXXXV.) Family Heath. Colour White, spotted with red and yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New York to Georgia. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: clustered together in great bunches; the flo...
-Smooth Or Tree Azalea. Azalea arborescens
Family Heath. Colour Rose. Odour Sweetly fragrant. Range Georgia northward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: growing in terminal clusters, and appearing after the leaves. Calyx: five-toothed; co...
-Shin Leaf. Pyrola elliptica
(Plate LXXXVI) Family Heath. Colour White with a green tint. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing on a scape in a long, wand-like raceme; nodding a...
-Creeping Wintergreen. Mountain Tea. Checkerberry. Gaultheria procumbens
(Plate LXXXVII.) Family Heath. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern United States. Time of Bloom July-September. Flowers: usually one or more; axillary; nodding. Calyx: of five sepa...
-Spice Bush. Benjamin-Bush. Fever Bush. Benzoin Benzoin
Family Laurel. Colour Greenish yellow. Odour Spicy. Range Massachusetts southward and westward. Time of Bloom March, April. Flowers: both staminate and pistillate, with a four-leaved involuc...
-Indian-Pipe. Ghost Flower. Corpse Plant. Monotropa uniflora
(Plate LXXXIX.) Family Indian-Pipe. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: terminal; solitary; nodding; in fruit erect. Calyx: of two to four scale...
-False Beech-Drops. Pine Sap. Hypopitys Hypopitys
(Plate LXXXIX.) Family Indian-Pipe. Colour Ecru or tawny, occasionally red. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom June, July. This is a closely allied plant to the Indian-pipe. The d...
-Wild Ginger. Asarum Canadense
Family Birthroot. Colour Yellowish, spotted with brown-purple. Odour Scentless. Range Throughout the northern states. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: solitary; growing towards the ground ...
-Nevins's Stone Crop. Houseleek. Sedum Nevii
(Plate XC.) Family Orpine. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mts. of Virginia to Alabama. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers; sessile and scattered along the recurved branches of the cyme...
-American Orpine. Live For Ever. Sedum telephioides
(Plate XCI.) Family Orpine. Colour Flesh colour. Odour Scentless. Range Georgia northward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: growing in many-flowered, compact cymes. Calyx: of four or five sepal...
-Dutchman's Breeches. White Hearts. Soldiers' Caps. Bicuculla Citcullaria
Family Fumitory. Colour White and yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing in a one-sided raceme on a naked scape. Calyx: of two scale-like sep...
-Pale Corydalis. Capnoides sempervirens
Family Fumitory. Colour Rose pink and yellow. Odour Scentless. Range North and south. Time of Bloom May-August. Flowers: growing in loose terminal clusters. Calyx: of two scale-like sepals. ...
-Smooth Ruellia. Ruellia strepens
(Plate XCII.) Family Rue. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range Penn. southward and westward. Time of Bloom May-July. Flowers: solitary, or a few together growing in the axils of the leaves. ...
-Blue Cohosh. Caulophylliim thalictroides
Family Barberry. Colour Yellowisk green or purple. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: small; growing in a panicle at the summit of the stem. Cal...
-Yellow Lady's Slipper. Cypripedium hirsutum
(Plate XCIII.) Family Orchis. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north and east. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: terminal; nodding and subtended by a leaf-like bract. Sepals: lo...
-Moccasin Flower. Pink Lady's Slipper. Cypripedium acaule
(Plate XCIV) Family Orchis. Colour Pink. Odour Fragrant. Range Along the coast and westward to Minn. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: large; terminal; nodding and subtended by a leaf-like ...
-Showy Orchis. Orchis spectabilis
Family Orchis. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Fragrant. Range New York to Georgia and westward. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing loosely in a terminal spike. The sepals and petals uni...
-Great Green Orchis. Habenaria orbiculata
Family Orchis. Colour Green and white. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: clustered loosely in a long spike. Corolla: two-lipped; the lip white, almost linear,...
-Str1ped Coral-Root. Corallorhiza striata
(Plate XC V.) Family Orchis. Colour Dark purple. Odour Scentless. Range Northward across the continent. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: growing closely in a terminal raceme on a stout scape. S...
-Rattlesnake Plantain. Peranizun repens
(Plate XCVI.) Family Orchis. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Atlantic states. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: very small; arranged loosely on one side of a tall spike. Lip, inflate...
-Crinkle-Root. Pepper Root. Toothwort. Dentaria diphylia
Family Mustard. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: rather large; growing in a terminal corymb. Calyx: of four sepals that fall early. Corolla: ...
-Hairy Rock-Cress. Arabis hirsuta
Family Mustard. Colour White tinted with green. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly northward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: small; clustered. Calyx: of four sepals that fall early. Corolla: o...
-Blood-Root. Indian Plant. Sanguinaria Canadensis
(Plate XCVII) Family Poppy. Colour White with yellow centre. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: terminal; solitary; growing on a naked scape. Calyx: of two s...
-Wild Phlox. Phlox divaricata
Family Polemonium. Colour Pale lilac or blue. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range New York westward and southward. Time of Bloom April. May. Flowers: large, over an inch broad; terminal, in loose...
-Ground Or Moss Pink. Phlox subulata
(Plate XCVIII) Family Polemonium. Colour Pink purple or white. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom April-June. Flowers: on pedicels: growing in terminal...
-Hobble-Bush. American Wayfaring-Tree. Viburnn7n ahnifolium
(Plate XCIX.) Family Honeysuckle. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England to North Carolina. Time of Bloom May. The blossoms of this large shrub are similar to those of V. Opulus, ...
-Fly-Honeysuckle. Lonicera ciliata
Family Honeysuckle. Colour Greenish yellow. Odour Scentless. Range North and westward to Minnesota. Time Of Bloom May. Flowers: growing in pairs on slender peduncles from the axils of the le...
-Trumpet Honeysuckle. Lonicera sempervirens
(Plate C.) Family Honeysuckle. Colour Red, without,; yellow within. Odour Scentless. Range Mass. southward. Time Of Bloom May-October. Flowers: axillary; clustered in spiked whorls. Calyx: ...
-Bush Honeysuckle. Diervilla Diervilla
Family Honeysuckle. Colour Yellow, sometimes tinged with red. Odour Fragrant. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: axillary; growing in groups of three...
-Twin-Flower. Linnaea borealis
(Plate CI.) Family Honeysuckle. Colour Rose. Odour Fragrant, like almonds. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: terminal in pairs; nodding; borne on individual thread-like flowe...
-Smoother Sweet Cicely. Washingtonia longistylis
Family Parsley. Colour White. Odour Root, scented like anise. Range North, southward and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: small; growing in umbels with bracts underneath. Calyx: f...
-White Abronia. Abrbnia fragrans
(Plate CII.) Family Four o'clock. Colour White. Odour Fragrant, like vanilla. Range The Rocky Mountains. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing in dense umbel-like clusters. Involucre: ...
-Catalpa. Indian Bean. Candle-Tree. Catalpa Catalpa
Family Trumpet-creeper. Colour White, dotted with, yellow; purple inside. Odour Leaves, strongly scented. Range Gulf states, northward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing in terminal...
-White Beard's Tongue. Pentstemon Digitalis
(Plate CII.) Family Figwort. Colour White, tinged with purple. Odour Scentless. Range New York to Virginia and westward. Time of Bloom Late spring and summer. Flowers: clustered in a loose ...
-Hairy Beard's Tongue. Pentstemon hirsiitus
Family Figwort. Colour Lilac and white. Odour Scentless. Range Northward from the south. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: nodding; growing in a panicle. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla: two-lip...
-Culver's Root. Septandra Virginica
Family Figwort. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Vermont westward and southward. Time Of Bloom June-September. Flowers: growing in terminal, dense, spike-like racemes. Calyx: four or fiv...
-Wild Bergamot. Monarda fistulosa
Family Mint. Colour Rose purple, or whte. Odour Leaves, fragrant. Range Mass. southward and westward. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: growing in a terminal head. Calyx: tubular; five-too...
-Bitter-Bloom. Rose-Pink. Sabbatia angnlaris
Family Gentian. Colour Rose pink. Odour Scentless. Range New York southward and westward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: large; growing in panicled clusters. Calyx: of five linear sepa...
-Stiff Gentian. Five-Flowered Gentian. Gentiana quinquefolia
Family Gentian. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range North and west, southward to Florida. Time of Bloom September. Flowers: growing in panicles at the summit of the stem and branches. Calyx:...
-Wood Sorrel. Oxalls Acetosella
(Plate CV.) Family Oxalis. Colour While, veined with deep pink. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: terminal; solitary; growing on slender scapes. Calyx:...
-Violet Wood Sorrel. Oxalis violacea
Family Oxalis. Colour Violet. Odour Scentless. Range Southward. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: several; growing on a scape. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla: of five petals. Stamens: ten; of dif...
-Herb Robert. Geranium Robertianmn
Family Geranium. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Strong fragrance. Range Common north. Time of Bloom June-October. Flowers: growing singly, or in clusters at the ends of the flower-stalks. Calyx...
-Witch-Hazel. Hamamelis Virginiana
Family Witch-hazel. Colour Yellow. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range New England to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom September-November. Flowers: few; growing in an axillary cluster on short...
-Pyxie. Flowering Moss. Pyxidanthera barbulata
Family Diapensiacae. Colour White or pink. Odour Scentless. Range New Jersey southward. Time of Bloom March-May. Flowers: small; sessile on delicate branches. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla:...
-Trailing Arbutus. Mayflower. Ground. Laurel. Epigaea ripens
(Plate CVI.) Family Heath. Colour White or fink. Odour Fragrant. Range New England and New Jersey. Time of Bloom March-May. Flowers: growing in terminal clusters. Calyx: of five, green poin...
-Pipsissewa. Prince's Pine. Chimdphila umbellata
Family Heath. Colour Flesh colou, tinged with crimson; green centre. Odour Fragrant. Range Northeast to Ga., westward to the Pacific. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers; nodding; usually thre...
-Spring Beauty. Claytbnia Virginica
Family Pulsane. Colour White or pink veinedwith a deeper shade. Odour Scentless. Range New England south' ward to Georgia and westward. Time of Bloom March-May. Flowers: a few growing in loo...
-Liver Leaf. Hepatica. Hepatica Hepatica
Family Crowfoot. Colour Pinkish blue, or white. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly east. Time of Bloom Early spring. Flowers: solitary; growing on long scapes. Calyx: of six, or more coloured sepa...
-Wind-Flower. Wood-Anemone. Anemone quinquefolia
(Plate CVIII.) Family Crowfoot. Colour White,, or tinted with blue or pink. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: of four to seven pe...
-Thimble-Weed. Anemone Virginiana
(Plate CIX.) Family Crowfoot. Colour Greenish white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: terminal; solitary; borne on long flower-stalks. Calyx: of five green...
-Tall Larkspur. Delphinium urceolatum
Family Crowfoot. Colour Blue or purple. Odour Scentless. Range Petin. southward and westward. Time Of Bloom July August. Flowers: downy; loosely clustered in a terminal raceme. Calyx: of fiv...
-Downy Yellow Violet. Viola pubescens
(Plate CXXXV) Family Violet. Colour Yellow, veined with purple. Odour Faintly fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: solitary; growing on axillary flower-stalks Leaves: usuall...
-Fringed Polygala. Flowering Wintergreen. Polygala paucifolia
Family Milkwort. Colour Rose pink. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom May. Flowers: axillary; growing on slender flower-stalks; cleistogamous flowers borne near the root. Cal...
-Twin-Leaf. Rheumatism Root. Jeffersonia diphylla
Family Barberry. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New York southward and westward. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: solitary; growing on a naked scape. Calyx: of four petals that fall ...
-Wild Mandrake. May Apple. Podophyllum peltatum
Family Barberry. Colour White. Odour Unpleasant. Range General. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: large; solitary; nodding from a short pedicel between the two leafstalks. Calyx: of six sepals tha...
-Star-Flower. Trientalis Americana
Family Primrose. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time Of Bloom May. Flowers: small; terminal; solitary. Calyx: of six, or seven sepals. Corolla: whee...
-Four Leaved Loosestrife. Lysimachia quadrifolia
Family Primrose. Colour Yellow, streaked with red. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Tune. Flowers: solitary; growing uprightly on axillary thread-like flower-stalks. Calyx: of f...
-Partridge Vine. Mitchella repens
(Plate CXI.) Family Madder. Colour White. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom June,July. Flowers: terminal; two in each cluster. Calyx: of four toothed sepals. Corolla: of four wax...
-Tall Hairy Agrimony. Agrimonia hirsuta
Family Rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Like apricots. Range General. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: small; growing in a close, slender raceme. Calyx: obconic; five-lobed, covered with hooke...
-White Avens. Geum Canadense
Family Rose. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom May-August. Guarding the borders of the thickets and open woods we find the white avens. It is a less conspicuous pla...
-Wild Pink. Silene Caroliniana
(Plate CXII.) Family Pink. Colour Rose pink, to nearly white. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern, middle and southern states. Time of Bloom April-June. Flowers: clustered at the ends of the flo...
-Fire Pink. Virginia Catchfly. Silene Virginica
(Plate CVII.) Family Pink. Colour Scarlet. Odour Scentless. Range New York southward and westward. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: few; growing on pedicels in a cyme. Calyx: tubular; fiv...
-Starry Campion. Silene stellata
(Plate CXIII.) Family Pink. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: clustered loosely in a panicle. Calyx: swollen; reddish, sticky, with five lobes...
-Ground-Nut. Dwarf Ginseng. Panax trifolium
(Plate CXIV.) Family Ginseng. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England westward; southward to Georgia. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: tiny; imperfect; clustered closely in a sle...
-Five-Leaved Ginseng. Panax quinquefolium
Family Ginseng. Colour Greenish white. Odour Scentless. Range Vermont to Minn, southward to Georgia. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: imperfect; clustered in a slender-stalked umbel. Cal...
-Wild Sarsaparilla. Aralia nudicaulis
Family Ginseng. Colour Greenish white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: clustered in an umbel on a short naked scape. Calyx: short; with five small teeth. Corolla...
-American Spikenard. Aralia racemosa
Family Ginseng. Colour Greenish white. Odour Roots fragrant. Range Vermont to Minnesota., southward to Georgia. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: imperfect; growing in drooping, compound umbels i...
-Wild Geranium. Wild Cranesbill. Geranium maculatum
(Plate CXV.) Family Geranium. Colour Purplish pink or lavender. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom April-July. Flowers: growing in pairs, or more numerously on long peduncles. Ca...
-New Jersey Tea. Red-Root. Ceanothus Americanus
Family Buckthorn. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July. Flowers: crowded in a dense umbel-like cluster. Calyx: of five rounded lobes coloured like petals. Corolla...
-Prostrate Tick-Trefoil. Meibomia Michauxii
(Plate CXVI) Family Pulse. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range Florida to Miss. and northward. Time of Bloom August. Flowers: growing in terminal racemes on axillary branches. Calyx: five...
-Wood Betony. Lousewort. Pedicularis Canadensis
(Plate CXV II.) Family Colour Yellow, red, or purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom May-July. Flowers: growing in a short, thick spike. Calyx: united and split down the front...
-Narrow Leaved Cow-Wheat. Melampyrum lineare
Family Figwort. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless, Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: small; solitary; axillary. Calyx: bell-shaped; four-cleft. Corolla: tubular; two-lipped...
-Smooth False Foxglove. Dasysloma Virginica
Family Figwort. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England to Minnesota southward to Florida. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers: large; growing in a leafy raceme. Calyx: short;...
-Fern-Leaf, Or Lousewort False Foxglove. Dasystoma Pedicularia
(Plate CXIX.) Family Figwort. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers: large, in a terminal leafy panicle. Calyx: irregularly cu...
-Spanish Bayonet. Adam's Needle. Yucca filamentosa
(Plate CXX.) Family Lily. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range East Virginia southward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: large; growing in compound panicles on a scape-like flower-stalk. Peri...
-Beach Plum. Primus maritima
Family Plum. Colour White or rose tinted. Odour Sweet scented. Range Maine to Virginia. Time Of Bloom April, May. Flowers: growing in round, dense clusters. Calyx: urn-shaped, with five gree...
-Bird's-Foot Violet. Viola pedata
(Plate CXXI.) Family Violet. Colour Pale blue and deep purple. Odour Scentless. Range New England to Minn. and southward. Time of Bloom May. Flowers: large, one inch across; solitary; nodd...
-Poverty-Grass. False Heather. Hudsonia tomentbsa
Family Rock-rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: growing in loose, leafy clusters. Calyx: of five sepals, two lar...
-Rock-Rose. Frost-Weed. Helidnthe7num Canadense
Family Rock-rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Leaves, when bruised, like balsam. Range Maine southward and westward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: occurring in two forms; the early blossoms ...
-Stagger-Bush. Pieris Mariana
Family Heath. Colour White, or tinted with pink and red. Odour Scentless. Range Rhode Island to Florida. Time Of Bloom May, June. Flowers: rather small; nodding; clustered on leafless shoots...
-Vernal Whitlow-Grass. Draba verna
Family Mustard. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Aprils May. Flowers: small; growing in a raceme on a naked scape. Calyx: of four sepals that fall early. Corolla: ...
-St. Andrew's Cross. Ascyrum hypericoides
(Plate CXXII) Family St. John's-wort. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mass. to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: clustered at the ends of spreading flower-sta...
-Shrubby St. John's-Wort. Hypericum prolificum
(Plate CXXI1I.) Family St. Joh n's-wort. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New Jersey to Georgia. Time Of Bloom July, August. Flowers: clustered at the ends of the branches. Calyx: of f...
-Prickly-Pear. Indian Fig. Opiintia humifusa
Family Cactus. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Northeastern states. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: large; solitary; sessile; axillary from the side of the stem joints. Calyx: of numero...
-Goat's Rue. Wild Sweet Pea. Cat-Gut. Cracca Virginiana
(Plate CXXIV.) Family Pulse. Colour Yellowish and purple. Odour Scentless. Range Southern New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing closely in a termina...
-Wild Lupine. Lupinus perennis
Family Pulse. Colour Blue. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Florida. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing in a long, terminal raceme. Calyx: deeply toothed. Corolla: showy; papilionaceo...
-Wild, Or False Indigo. Baptisia tinctoria
Family Pulse. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: clustered in a loose raceme. Calyx: four, or five toothed. Corolla: papilionaceous, the banner erect...
-Rattlebox. Crotallaria sagittalis
Family Pulse. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Maine westward. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: small; seldom more than two, or three clustered on a peduncle; Corolla: papilionaceous. Pods:...
-Wild Senna. Cassia Marilandica
(Plate CXXV) Family Senna. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: growing in racemes on slender axillary peduncles. Calyx: of...
-Partridge Pea. Large Sensitive Plant. Cassia Chamaecrista
(Plate CXXV.) Family Senna. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Middle states south-ward and west to the Rockies. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: large; growing on slender axillary fl...
-Beach Pea. Lathyrus maritimus
(Plate CXXVI) Family Pulse. Colour Violet purple. Odour Scentless. Range A long the coast. Time Of Bloom Summer and early autumn. Flowers: clustered on slender axillary peduncles. Calyx: of...
-Bush-Clover. Lespedeza proctimbens
(Plate CXXVII.) Family Pulse. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer and autumn. Flowers: terminally clustered on peduncles. Corolla: papilionaceous...
-Hyssop Skullcap. Scutellaria zntegrtfolia
(Plate CXXVIII) Family Mint. Colour Blue or violet. Odour Scentless. Range Connecticut, southward and westward. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: one inch long; growing in terminal raceme...
-Blue-Curls. Bastard Pennyroyal. Trichostima dichdlomum
Family Mint. Colour Blue, turning to purple. Odour Fragrant. Range Mass. to Florida and westward. Time Of Bloom Late summer and autumn. Flowers: single; axillary, or in raceme-like clusters ...
-Horse-Mint. Monarda punctacta
(Plate CXXIX.) Family Mint. Colour Yellow and crimson. Odour Strongly scented. Range New York to Illinois and southward. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: whorled above the floral brac...
-Carolina Calamint. Calamintha Caroliniana
(Plate CXXX.) Family Mint. Colour Purple, or white spotted with a darker shade. Odour Fragrant. Range Florida to N. Carolina. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers; growing in cymes of s...
-Painted Cup. Castilleja coccinea
Family Figwort. Colour Yellow with vermilion floral leaves. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern and middle states. Time of Bloom June. Flowers; terminal; growing in a short spike. Calyx: four-cle...
-Purple Gerardia. Gerardia purpurea
(Plate CXXXI.) Family Figwort. Colour Pinkish lavender. Odour Scentless. Range North and south. Time of Bloom August, September. Flowers: axillary; growing along the diverging flower-stalks...
-Flowering Spurge. Euphorbia corollata
(Plate CXXXII.) Family Spurge. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mass. to Florida. Time Of Bloom July-October. Flowers, staminate and pistillate; growing on forked branches in umbels, an...
-Sand Knotweed. Coast Jointweed. Polygonella articulata
Family Buckwheat. Colour Rose pink. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Florida. Time of Bloom September. Flowers: minute; growing nodding in a spike-like raceme; each flower appearing from with...
-Sandy Soil Asters
Family Composite. Colour Purple, blue or white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Late summer and early autumn. Flower-heads: composed of tubular and ligulate flowers, or ray and...
-Sweet Golden-Rod. Solidago odora
Family Composite. Colour Dull yellow. Odour Leaves scented like anise. Range Maine southward. Time of Bloom Late summer and early autumn. The flowers of this golden-rod are not very attracti...
-Shad-Bush. June-Berry. Service-Berry. Amelanchier Canddensis
(Plate CXXXIV.) Family Apple. Colour White. Odour Faint. Range New England. Time of Bloom March-May. Flowers; growing in loose racemes. Calyx; five-cleft. Corolla: of five almost linear pet...
-Yellow Star Grass. Hypoxis hirsuta
Family A maryllis. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward and westward. Time Of Bloom Early summer. Flowers: growing singly, or a few in a cluster at the end of a naked scape....
-Bulbous Buttercup. Golden Cups. Ramunculus bulbosus
(Plate CL) Family Crowfoot. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern states. Time Of Bloom May-July. Flowers: large; terminal; cup-shaped. Calyx: reflexed; of five sepals. Corolla: of ...
-Common Blue Violet. Viola cuculldta
(Plate CXXXV) Family Violet. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range Arctic regions to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom April, May. Flowers: solitary; terminal; growing on scapes. Calyx; o...
-Maple-Leaved Viburnum. Dockmaxie. Arrow-Wood. Viburnum acerifblium
Family Honeysuckle. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: small; perfect; growing in flat-topped cymes on long peduncles. Calyx...
-Poison Ivy. Poison Oak. Rhus radicans
Family Sumac. Colour White, tinged with green, or yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom May, June. Flowers: small; axillary; perfect; growing ...
-Shooth Upland Or 5carlet Sumac. Rhus glabra
Family Sumac. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Maine southward to Florida and west-ward. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: growing incompact terminal panicles. Fruit: velvety, crimson ...
-Five-Finger. Common Cinquefoil. Potentllla Canadensis
Family Rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Faintly fragrant. Range Maine southward and westward. Time of Bloom April-August. Flowers; small; solitary; axillary. Calyx: of five narrow sepals, alternat...
-Shrubby Cinquefoil. Potentilla fruticosa
(Plate CXXXVII.) Family Rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern states and westward. Time Of Bloom All summer. The flowers of this plant, although larger, are very similar in ar...
-Silvery Or Hoary Cinquefoil. Potentilla argentea
Family Rose. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern and middle states. Time of Bloom All summer. Very similar to the preceding species are the large handsome flowers of the silvery ci...
-Hound's Tongue. Cynoglossum officinale
Family Borage. Colour Purplish red, or white. Odour Unpleasant. Range Mostly east. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: growing in a curved raceme that straightens as the flowers mature. Calyx...
-Viper's-Bugloss. Blueweed. Echium vulgare
(Plate CXXXVIII.) Family Borage. Colour Brilliant blue, with pink buds. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern states. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: small; thickly clustered on one side of a s...
-Ground Ivy. Gill-Over-The-Ground. Glecoma hederacea
Family Mint. Colour Blue. Odour Leaves fragrant. Range New England southward. Time Of Bloom March-May. Flowers; axillary; growing singly or in clusters along the flower-stalk. Calyx: small; ...
-American Pennyroyal. Hedeoma Pulegioides
Family Mint. Colour Purplish blue. Odour Strongly scented. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom Midsummer. Flowers: small; axillary; whorled. Calyx: two-lipped. Corolla: t...
-Large-Flowered Verbena. Verbena Canadensis
(Plate CXXXIX.) Family Vervain. Colour Purple. Odour Scentless. Range Florida to S. Carolina and westward. Time of Bloom May-August. Flowers: growing closely in terminal spikes. Calyx: tubu...
-Common Evening Primrose. Onagra biennis
Family Evening primrose. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom June-September. Flowers: large; clustered on a leafy spike. Calyx: tubular, of four long, pointed se...
-Scapose Primrose. Pachylophus caespitosus
(Plate CXL.) Family Evening primrose. Colour White or pink. Odour Scentless. Range Nebraska southward and westward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: large; one and a half to five inches b...
-Allen's Sundrops. Kneiffia Alleni
Family Evening primrose. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Eastern Long Island. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: on long pedicels in loose corymb-like clusters. Calyx: with a long tub...
-Fire-Weed. Great Or Spiked Willow Herb. Chamaenerion augustifolium
Family Evening primrose. Colour Magenta. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom June-September. Flowers: large; growing in a long terminal raceme which is s...
-Passion Flower. Passiflora incarnata
(Plate CXLI.) Family Passion flower. Colour Purple. Odour Faintly fragrant. Range Virginia and Kentucky southward. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: solitary; axillary; frequently having three...
-Common St. John's-Wort. Hypericum perforation
Family ST. John s-wort. Colour Deep yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly northeast. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing in clusters. Calyx: of five pointed sepals. Corolla: of five petal...
-Indian Tobacco. Lobelia inflata
Family Lobelia. Colour Violet, blue, or white. Odour Scentless, Range General. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: axillary; growing in terminal, leafy racemes. Calyx: tubular; inflated; vei...
-Corn-Cockle. Corn-Rose. Agrostemma Githago
Family Pink. Colour Crimson purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-Septeinber. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: large, with five linear lobes alternating with and exce...
-California Poppy. Eschscholtzia Californica
(Plate CXLII.) Family Poppy. Colour Orange red or yellow. Odour Juice,like muriatic acid. Range California, Time Of Bloom June-September. Flowers: large; solitary. Calyx: of two sepals that...
-Celandine Poppy. Stylophorum diphylhim
Family Poppy. Colour Deep yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Pennsylvania westward. Time Of Bloom April, May. The celandine poppy resembles very closely the smaller flowers of the celandine. It ...
-Celandine. Chelidonium majus
Family Poppy. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers; small; growing in loose umbellate clusters. Calyx: of two sepals that fall early. Corolla: of four...
-Butterfly Pea. Clitoria Mariana
(Plate CXLIII.) Family Pulse. Colour Lavender. Odour Scentless. Range New Jersey southward and westward. Time Of Bloom July. Flowers; showy; one to three borne on a short peduncle. Calyx: t...
-Jamestown Weed. Thorn Apple. Datura Stramonium
Family Nightshade. Colour White streaked with purple. Odour Unpleasant. Range General east of Iowa. Time Of Bloom May-September. Flowers: large; growing on short flower-stalks in the forks o...
-Common Dodder. Love Vine. Cuscuta Gronovii
Family Dodder. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range New England south-ward. Time of Bloom Late summer and autumn. Flowers: small; growing in clusters. Calyx' five-cleft. Corolla: tubular; fi...
-Common Milkweed. Silkweed. Asclepias Syriaca
(Plate CXLIV.) Family Milkweed. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly northward. Time of Bloom June-August. Flower-clusters: often four and a half inches in diameter. Construc...
-Butterfly-Weed. Pleurisy-Root. Asclepias tuberbsa
(Plate CXLV.) Family Milkweed. Colour Orange red. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly northward. Time Of Bloom June-September. Flowers: regular; gamopetalous; growing in umbel-like clusters,and s...
-Wild Carrot Queen Anne's Lace. Daucus Carrota
Family Parsley. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom August, September. Flowers: minute, delicate; growing in a compound, flat-topped umbel, which becomes concave afte...
-Great Mullen. Velvet Or Mullen Dock. Verbascum Thapsus
Family Figwort. Colour Pale yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom July-September. Flowers: large; growing in a long, terminal spike. Calyx: of five sepals. Corolla: wheel-sha...
-Moth-Mullen. Verbascum Blattaria
(Plate CXLVI.) Family Fig wort. Colour Yellow white, or pinkish. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: slightly nodding; growing on pedicels along the stem....
-Slender Lady's Tresses. Gyrostachys gracilis
Family Orchis. Colour White. Odour Fragrant. Range New England to Florida and wwstward. Time of Bloom July-October. Flowers: very small; growing on one side of a slender, twisted spike. Coro...
-Blue Wax-Weed. Clammy Cuphea. Parsonsia petiolata
Family Loosestrife. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Scentless. Range Conn, to Illinois and southward. Time of Bloom July-October. Flowers: small; growing in loose racemes along the branches. Cal...
-Striped Gentian. Gentiana villosa
(Plate CXLVII.) Family Gentian. Colour Greenish white, striped-inside with purple. Odour Scentless, Range Southern New Jersey to Florida. Time Of Bloom September-November. Flowers: solitary...
-Dandelion. Taraxacum Taraxacum
Family Chicory. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General to the Rockies. Time of Bloom April-October. Flower-heads: roundish, of innumerable strap-shaped flowers. Involucre: closing aft...
-Plantain-Leaf Everlasting. House-Ear Everlasting. Antennaria plantaginifolia
Family Composite. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom March-May. Flower-heads: of tiny tubular flowers clustered closely together in a corymb; sterile and fertil...
-Golden Ragwort. Squaw-Weed. Senecio aureus
Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom May, June. Flower-heads: small; growing in umbel-like, leafless clusters and composed of both ray and disk flow...
-Tick-Seed. Coreopsis lanceolata
(Plate CXLVIII) Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south and wesi. Time of Bloom May-August. Flower-heads: few, or solitary on long slender peduncles; ray-flower...
-Robin's Or Poor Robins Plantain. Erigeron pulchcllus
(Plate CXLIX.) Family Composite. Colour Light violet. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom May, June. Flower-heads; round, growing in small clusters and composed of both ray and di...
-Larger Daisy Fleabane. Sweet Scabious. Erigeron annus
Family Composite. Colour White or purplish. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June. Flower-heads: small, about three quarters of an inch broad; clustered and composed of both ray...
-White Daisy. White Weed. Ox-Eyed Daisy. Chrysdnthemurn Lencanthemum
(Plate CL.) Family Composite. Colour White, with yellow centre. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom June. Flower-heads: terminal; solitary and composed of both ray and disk f...
-Rattlesnake-Weed. Hawkweed. Hieracutm vend stun
Family Chicory. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time of Bloom July, August. Flower-heads: growing singly on the ends of branched flower-stalks or scapes, and composed of ...
-Field Sow Thistle. Sonchus arvensis
Family Chicory. Colour Bright yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Occasional in the eastern and middle states. Time of Bloom Summer. Flower-heads: large; showy; clustered closely together and bur...
-Black Eyed Susan. Cone Flower. Rudbeckia hirta
Family Composite. Colour Deep yellow, purple centre. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Midsummer. Flower-heads: large; terminal; solitary and composed of both ray and disk flower...
-Golden Rod. Dyer's Weed. Solidago nemoralis
Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom August. Perhaps this is the most common of all the golden-rods that abound in dry fi...
-Blazing Star. Lacindria scariosa
Family Composite. Colour Rose purple, Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Florida and westward. Time of Bloom Early autumn. Flower-heads: round; growing in a long, wand-like raceme; and composed...
-Burr Thistle. Spear Thistle. Carduus lanceolatus
Family Composite. Colour Purplish crimson. Odour Scentless. Range North and east. Time of Bloom July-November. Flower-heads: large; solitary; composed entirely of tubular flowers and surroun...
-Winter Cress. Yellow Rocket. Barbarea Barbarea
Family Mustard. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom April-September. Flowers: small; growing in racemes. Calyx: of four sepals that fall early. Corolla: of four cruc...
-Shepherd's-Purse. Bursa Bursa-pastbris
Family Mustard. Colour White. Odour Scentless,. Range General. Time of Bloom April- September. Flowers: small; clustered in a long raceme. Calyx: of four sepals that fall early. Corolla: of ...
-Black Mustard. Brassica nigra
Family Mustard. Colour Yellow. Odour Pungent. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: small; clustered in racemes. Pods: half an inch long, the seeds dark, spicy to the taste. Stem...
-Venus Looking Glass. Specularia perfolidta
Family Campanula. Colour Purplish blue. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom May- September. Flowers: growing with the leaves along the stem. Calyx: three to five-lobed. Corolla: wh...
-Green-Brier. Catbrier. Horse-Brier. Smilax rotundifblia
Family Smilax. Colour Greenish white. Odour Scentless. Range New England to Florida. Time of Bloom April-June. Flowers: small; imperfect; growing in umbels. Perianth . of six divisions. Sta...
-Bitter Sweet. Wax-Work. Celastus scandens
Family Staff-tree. Colour Cream white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June. Flowers: small; imperfect; growing in raceme-like clusters. Petals, sepals, and stamens: five. Pist...
-Purple Flowering Raspberry. Rubus odoratus
(Plate CLII.) Family Rose. Colour Purplish pink. Odour Fragrant. Range New England southward to Ga. westward to Mich. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: large; two inches broad; terminal; c...
-Spreading Dogbane. Apocynum androsaemifblium
(Plate CLIII.) Family Dogbane. Colour Rose colour. Odour Fragrant. Range Mostly northward. Time of Bloom June, July. Flowers: in terminal cymes; growing on thread-like flower-stalks. Calyx:...
-Virginia Creeper. American Ivy. Parthenocissus quinqitefolia
Family Vine. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July. Flowers: small; clustered in a cyme. Fruit: small black, or blue berries. Leaves; divided into five lance-oblon...
-Hedge Bind-Weed. Convolvulus sepium
Family Convolvulus. Colour Pink) or white. Odour Scentless. Range North Atlantic states. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: of five sepals surrounded by two leafy ...
-Bouncing Bet. Fuller's Herb. 50apw0rt. Saponaria officinalis
(Plate CLV.) Family Pink. Colour White, or rose. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: often one and a half inches broad; growing in corymbed clusters. Calyx: tubul...
-Yellow Wood Sorrel. Lady's Sorrel. Oxalis strict a
Family Geranium. Colour Golden yellow. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: terminal; solitary. Calyx: of five lanceolate sepals. Corolla: of five petals. Stame...
-Enchanter's Nightshade. Circaea Lutetidfia
Family Evening primrose. Colour White. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: small; growing in long, loose, terminal and lateral racemes; pedicels reflexed in fruit....
-Traveller's Joy. Virgins Bower. Clematis Virginiana
(Plate CLVII.) Family Crowfoot. Colour White. Odour Slightly fragrant. Range New England southward and westward. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: imperfect; clustered loosely in panicle...
-Musk Hallow. Malvat moschata
(Plate CLVIII.) Family Mallow. Colour White, or magenta. Odour Herbage, mush scented. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: clustered on short peduncles. Calyx: of five ovat...
-White Alder. Sweet Pepperbush. Clethra alnifolia
(Plate CLIX.) Family White alder. Colour White. Odour Fragrantt. Range New England southward. Time of Bloom Juiy, August. Flowers: growing in upright clustered racemes. Calyx: i five sepals...
-Common Speedwell. Veronica officinalis
Family Figwort. Colour Light blue. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom July. Flowers: small; growing in axillary, spike-like racemes. Calyx: four-parted. Corolla: wheel-shaped; wit...
-Butter-And-Eggs. Yellow Toad-Flax. Linarta Linaria
Family Figwort. Colour Orange, and yellow. Odour Pleasant. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: showy; growing closely in a terminal raceme. Calyx: five-parted. Corolla: two-lipped,...
-Blue, Or Wild Toad-Flax. Linaria Canadensis
Family Figwort. Colour Pale blue, or purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-October. Flowers: growing in a terminal raceme. Calyx: five-parted. Corolla: two lipped, close...
-Pokeweed. Pigeon Berry. Phytolacca decandra
Family Pokeweed. Colour White and pink. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom July-September. Flowers: on pedicels; growing in a long raceme. Calyx: of five rounded, petal-like sepal...
-White Sweet Clover. White Melilot. Melilbtus alba
Family Pulse. Colour White. Odour Leaves, fragrant. Range General. Time Of Bloom July-September. Flowers: small, clustered in spike-like racemes. Corolla: papilionaceous. Leaves: divided int...
-Yellow Sweet Clover. Yellow Melilot. Melilbtus officinalis
Were it not for a slight shortness in height and the blunt-ness of the leaves, we might fancy the yellow sweet clover to be the same species as the white one; and that it had simply amused itself by w...
-Blue Vetch. Vicia Cracca
Family Pulse. Colour Blue. Odour Seentless. Range Mostly north and west. Time of Bloom June-August. Flowers: growing closely together on one side of a long spike. Calyx: short, with unequal ...
-Hog-Peanut. Falcata comosa
(Plate CLX.) Family Pulse. Colour Pale lilac. Odour Scentless. Range New England to Florida and westward. Time Of Bloom August, September. Flowers: growing in axillary racemes. Calyx: tubul...
-Simpler's Joy. Blue Vervain. Verbena hastata
Family Vervain. Colour Purplish blue. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom July, August. Flowers: growing in numerous, corymbed, terminal spikes. Calyx: tubular; five-toothed. Corol...
-Creeping Thyme. Thymus Scrpyllum
Family Mint. Colour Bluish purple. Odour Fragrant. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flowers: growing closely in whorls at the ends of the branches and possessed of a pair of floral leave...
-Common Motherwort. Leonurus Cardiaca
Family Mint. Colour Pale purple. Odour Scentless. Range New England to North Carolina and westward. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flowers: growing closely in whorls along the branches. Calyx: w...
-American Dittany. Stone Mint. Cunila orzganoides
Family Mint. Colour Lavender, or white. Odour Leaves, fragrant. Range New York to Georgia and westward. Time of Bloom August, September. Flowers: small; growing in cymose clusters. Calyx: fi...
-Self-Heal. Heal All. Prunella vulgaris
Family Mint. Colour Pinkish purple. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom June-September. Flowers: small; growing in clusters of threes in a compact, terminal spike among leafy bract...
-Jerusalem Artichoke. Wild Sunflower. Helianthus tuberbsus
Family Composite. Colour Bright yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly south and west. Time of Bloom All summer. Flower-heads: large; flat; terminal and composed of both ray and disk flowers....
-Wild Sunflower. Helianthus giganteus
Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly north. Time Of Bloom Late summer and early autumn. Flower-heads: terminal; solitary, and composed of both ray and disk flowers....
-Tansy. Tanacetum vulgare
Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Strongly scented. Range General. Time of Bloom All summer. Flowers: tiny; tubular; growing in a flat-topped umbel. Leaves: pinnately divided into linea...
-Elecampane. Inula Helenium
Family Composite. Colour Yellow. Odour Herbaceous. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer. Flower-heads: large; terminal and composed of both ray and disk flowers; the former few, long and narr...
-Chamomlle. Mayweed. Anthemis Cotula
Family Composite. Colour White, centre yellow. Odour Strongly scented. Range Mostly east. Time of Bloom Late summer. Flower-heads: small; composed of ray and disk flowers similar to those of...
-Iron-Weed. Verndnia Noveborachisis
(Plate CLXII.) Family Composite. Colour Reddish purple. Odour Scentless. Range Maine to Virginia and westward. Time of Bloom August, September. Flower-heads: loosely clustered in corymbs on...
-Boneset. Thoroughwort. Eupatbrium perfoliatum
Family Composite. Colour Greenish white. Odour Herbaceous. Range General. Time of Bloom August, September. Flower-heads: very small; tubular, growing in large, dense corymbs. Leaves: opposit...
-Common Yarrow. Milfoil. Achillea Millefolium
(Plate CLXIII.) Family Composite. Colour White, or pinkish. Odour Leaves, strongly scented. Range General. Time of Bloom July-October. Flower-heads: growing in compound corymbs and composed...
-Chicory. Succory. Cichorium Intybus
(Plate CLXIV) Family Chicory, Colour Blue, white, or pink. Odour Scentless. Range Mostly east. Time of Bloom Summer and autumn. Flower-heads: showy; arranged along the stem, and composed en...
-Roadside Asters
Family Composite. Colour Bluish purple, or white. Odour Scentless. Range General. Time of Bloom Summer and early autumn. And everywhere the purple asters nod And bend and wave and flit. ...









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