Leaves nearly smooth from a short, stout, erect rootstock, three-divided, the lateral divisions pedately three to five-parted or cleft, the segments linear to spatulate, often two to four-eleft or toothed near the apex. Early leaves usually smaller and less deeply dissected. Corolla two-thirds to \\ inches broad, the upper petals dark violet, the lower three lilac-purple, or as in the common northern variety (var. lineariloba DeCandolle) here illustrated, all the petals lilac-purple, all beardless, the orange tips of the stamens large and conspicuous in the center of the flower. Seed pods smooth, green; seeds copper-colored.
Apetalous or cleistogamous flowers are never formed in this species, but petaliferous flowers are frequent in late summer and autumn.
Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum
Bird's-foot violet Viola pedata var. Iineariloba