Flowering and leaf-bearing stems smooth, ascending or erect, 3 to 7 inches high from slender, prostrate, perennial stems and rootstocks which are often several inches in length. Leaves few, clustered at the summit of the stems, ovate or oblong, 1 to 1 ½ inches long, two-thirds to 1 inch wide, pointed at each end, rough-margined. Flowers one to five on a stem, axillary to the upper leaves, rose-purple or rarely white, two-thirds to 1 inch long on slender, short flower stalks; wings of the flower obovate; crest of the corolla beautifully fringed. The base of the stems and root-stocks bear numerous cleistogamous flowers on short, lateral, subterranean branches.
In rich, moist woods, New Brunswick to Saskatchewan south to Georgia, Illinois and Minnesota. Flowering in May and June.
Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum
B. Fringed Milkwort; Flowering Wintergreen - Polygala paucifolia