Stems from a few inches to nearly 2 feet high, few or many in a dense cluster, erect or nearly so, from a stout, perennial root which is elongated, tough and fibrous. Stems and leaves silky with whitish hairs. Leaves odd-pinnate, short petioled; leaflets nine to twenty-five, oblong, linear-oblong or the terminal one oblanceolate, narrowed at the base, rounded and mucronate at the apex or sometimes notched, three-fourths to 1 inch long and one-eighth to one-third of an inch wide. Flowers crowded in a terminal, often compound and nearly sessile racemelike cluster; each flower one-half to three-fourths of an inch long on a short pedicel. Calyx with five nearly equal teeth; petals clawed, the standard rounded, yellow and conspicuous, wings and keel reddish or purplish. Fruiting pod narrow, densely hairy, 1 to 2 inches long.
In dry and sandy soil, Maine to Minnesota, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana and Northern Mexico. Flowering in June and July or sometimes as late as August in the north.
Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum
B. Goats-Rue; Wild Sweet Pea - Cracca virginiana