Stems usually numerous from an elongated, jointed root stock, 4 to 8 inches high. Leaves orbicular to broadly ovate, heart-shaped, nearly or quite smooth, serrate on the margins, the upper ones pointed, the lower and basal leaves blunt. Petaliferous flowers on long, slender stalks, violet with a dark purple-violet center, not bearded, the spur slender and one-half of an inch long or longer.

Shady hillsides and moist woods in leaf mold, Quebec to Michigan, south to Georgia. Flowering in May and June.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 142

A. Long Spurred Violet

A. Long-Spurred Violet - Viola rostrata

The Field Pansy (Viola rafinesquii Greene) is an annual plant with slender, smooth, erect stems, 3 to 8 inches high, sometimes branched. Leaves small, somewhat rounded on slender petioles; their stipules large, conspicuous and deeply cut or fringed. Flowers small, bluish white to cream-colored. In fields and open woods, southern New York to Michigan and southward to Georgia and Texas. Flowering in April and May.