Foliage glabrous, succulent, frequently in dense tufts from stout or matted rootstocks. Leaf blades at flowering time narrowly ovate or triangular, slightly heart-shaped; the later ones broadly ovate or deltoid, 1 to 3 inches wide, often as broad as long, the base truncate or slightly heart-shaped, coarsely toothed or incised toward the base. Flowering scapes usually longer than the leaves; flowers violet-blue, the petals often notched at the ends.

Dry woods, hillsides and fields, southern New York southward. Flowering in April and May.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 136

A. Triangle Leaved Violet

A. Triangle-Leaved Violet - Viola emarginata

Viola emarginataacuti 1 o b a Brainerd, found on Staten Island, possesses leaf blades (of mature leaves) which are five-cleft or five-parted, the middle lobe long and narrow, the lateral ones shorter and narrower than the middle lobe.

Closely related to the Triangle-leaved Violet is the Cut-leaved Violet (Viola pectinata Bicknell) in which the blades of the mature leaves are ovate-deltoid, wider than long, the margin deeply dentate or pectinate with numerous small linear acute, entire lobes. Low meadows and edges of salt meadows near the coast.