Stems erect, often several together from a perennial root, 8 to 17 inches high, pubescent, each stem bearing a pair of opposite, sessile or nearly sessile leaves near or above its middle. Basal leaves broadly ovate, cordate at the base, acute or long pointed at the apex, three to five-lobed, toothed, rather rough-hairy on both sides, 1 to 2 inches long. Flowers small, white, rather distant from one another, in a very narrow, elongated, erect raceme, 3 to 8 inches long; calyx tube bell-shaped, five-lobed; petals five, finely pinnatifid. Fruiting capsules one-celled, two-valved at the apex, many seeded, somewhat flattened and broad, seeds smooth, black and shiny.

In rich woods, Quebec to Minnesota, North Carolina and Missouri. Flowering in April and May.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 90

B. Two Leaved Bishop's Cap Or Miterwort

B. Two-Leaved Bishop's Cap Or Miterwort - Mitella diphylla

In cold woods and bogs of the northern part of the State occurs a smaller species of Miterwort, Mitellanuda Linnaeus, with reniform-orbicular, basal Laves and the stems usually without leaves; flowers greenish yellow. Another species, M. oppositifo 1 i a Rydberg, has been described from central New York which differs from M. diphylla only in having long-petioled stem leaves, lanceolate calyx lobes and filiform divisions to the petals.