Stems mainly simple from a stout, perennial rootstock, often much branched above, hairy, 10 to 20 inches high. The basal leaves nearly orbicular, broadly heart-shaped, on long leaf-stalks; the blades 3 to 5 inches wide, deeply three to five-lobed with wedge-shaped divisions, the margins cleft or toothed; leaves of the stem two, opposite, short-stalked, similar to the basal leaves. Flowers rose-purple, 1 to 1 inches broad, terminal in two to five-flowered, loose, leafy-bracted umbels; sepals sharp pointed; petals five, woolly at the base, thin, broad and overlapping one another. Fruit an elongated capsule tipped with the persistent compound style, which in fruit is 1 or more inches long; carpels of the fruit permanently attached to the styles, separating from the base and curved upward in dehiscence.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 120

Wild Geranium; wild or spotted crane's bill Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium; wild or spotted crane's-bill Geranium maculatum

In rich or moist woodlands, Maine and Ontario west to Manitoba, south to Georgia and Alabama. Flowering from late in April to June or July.

There are several other species of Geranium in New York, most of them small-flowered, introduced species. Of the native ones, Bicknell's Geranium (Geranium bicknellii Britton) is an annual with small, purple flowers, somewhat less than one-half of an inch broad in a loose cluster, on two-flowered peduncles, with the beak of the fruit long pointed. The Carolina Geranium (Geranium caro1inianum Linnaeus) has a more compact inflorescence and a short-pointed fruit.