Plants tufted, usually several or many together, dark green, foliage villous-pubescent with spreading hairs. Leaves thick, with three broadly oval or obovate, coarsely toothed leaflets, the terminal one usually narrowed at the base; petioles 2 to 6 inches long. Flowering scapes as long or shorter than the leaves, bearing several white flowers on appressed-pubescent pedicels. Flowers one-half to three-fourths of an inch broad, white, petals obovate. Fruit red, ovoid, the achenes imbedded in pits.

In rather dry soil, fields, hillsides etc., Newfoundland to South Dakota, Florida and Oklahoma. Flowering in April and May.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 97

A. Wild Or Scarlet Strawberry

A. Wild Or Scarlet Strawberry - Fragaria Virginiana.

The European Wood Strawberry (Fragaria vesca Linnaeus) is a common escape everywhere in the east and frequently hybridizes with F. virginiana, so that some forms are difficult to classify. The American Wood Strawberry (Fragaria americana (Porter) Britton), with longer flowering scapes and elongated-conic fruit, with achenes borne on its shining, even surface and but slightly attached to it, is a common species in rocky woodlands. The Northern Wild Strawberry (Fragaria canadensis Michaux) has a long, slender fruit with the achenes sunk in pits and oblong or narrowly obovate leaflets. It ranges across the northern part of the state.