164. Milkwort, Polygala vulgaris. Milkwort family. A little plant of pastures and heaths, remarkable for the colour variations of its flowers: the most common colour is deep blue, but pink, white, and sky-blue are very frequent: the stem is branched at the base; each branch is about 4 ins. high, with small lance-shaped leaves, and a spike of flat flowers: flowers in summer.

165. Devil's-bit Scabious, Scabiosa Succisa, Scabious family. The stem is usually unbranched and about 2 ft. high: there is a tuft of leaves at the base, and a few pairs on the stem, oblong-elliptical, and sometimes slightly notched: the flowers are gathered in small, round heads, blue with a slight tinge of purple, occasionally white: the name refers to the character of the underground stock, which ends abruptly, as if bitten off: a common plant of dry pastures, flowering in late summer and autumn.

164. Milkwort.

164. Milkwort.

166. Devil's bit Scabious.

166. Devil's-bit Scabious.

166. Sea Starwort, Aster Tripolium, Daisy family. A plant of salt-marshes near the sea: the stem is 1 to 2 ft. high, with long, elliptical leaves, which are usually somewhat fleshy: the flowers are in large handsome heads, with a bright blue ray and yellow disc: flowers in autumn.

167. Corn-flower, Bluebottle, Centaurea Cyanus, Daisy family. One of the most beautiful plants of our corn-fields, flowering in late summer: the stem is tall and slender, with many narrow leaves: the flowers are in heads, those at the margin of the head being large and bright blue, those at the centre smaller and more purple.

166. Sea Starwort.

166. Sea Starwort.

167. Corn flower, Bluebottle.

167. Corn-flower, Bluebottle.

168. Chicory, Succory, Cichorium Intybus, Daisy family.

168. Chicory, Succory.

168. Chicory, Succory.

169. Giant Bell flower.

169. Giant Bell-flower.

The stem is about 2 ft. high: the lower leaves are oblong in shape, with broad toothed segments: the upper leaves are smaller, toothed, lance-shaped, and clasp the stem: the flower-heads are large and of a fine blue colour; usually only a few are open at one time, and these are then surmounted by spikes of buds: not uncommon on waste ground, flowering in late summer and autumn.

169. Giant Bell-flower, Campanula latifolia, Hairbell family. A tall, handsome plant of shady places, flowering in late summer and autumn: the leaves are stalked, narrowly ovate in shape, and with serrate margins: the flowers, which are gathered in a long terminal spike, are large, bell-shaped, erect, and of a fine blue colour.

170. Hairbell, Campanula rotundifolia, Hairbell family. The Bluebell of Scotland is one of the most familiar flowers of dry pastures and banks: the slender stem is about 1 ft. high, with many narrow leaves: the round leaves of the Latin name are found at the base of the stem, hidden by the grass in which the plant grows: the flowers, which occur in graceful spikes, are bright blue, or sometimes white, bell-shaped, and pendant: the English name is also written Harebell.

170. Hairbell.

170. Hairbell.

171. Bugloss.

171. Bugloss.

171. Bugloss, Lycopsis arvensis, Forget-me-not family. An inconspicuous inhabitant of fields and waste ground: the stem is about 1 ft. high and slightly branched: the leaves are bluntly lance-shaped: both stem and leaves are very rough, with short stiff hairs: the small blue flowers are gathered in terminal spikes: flowers in summer.

172. Forget-me-not, Myosotis scorpioides, Forget-me-not family. Several closely-related species of Myosotis are common in this country, but the most beautiful is M. scorpioides, which is found in ditches: the leaves are elliptical, and bright green: the flowers, which are larger than those of any other common native species, have a salver-shaped, bright blue corolla, with a yellow-eye: they occur in spikes at the apex of the stem: flowers in summer and autumn.

173. Variegated Forget-me-not, Myosotis versicolor, Forget-me-not family. A common plant of fields and waste places: the stem is slender, slightly branched, about to 1 ft. high: the leaves, which are mostly gathered at the base, are elliptical: the flowers occur in slender spikes, are quite small, and when nearly open are yellow, changing to pink, and finally to blue: flowers in early summer.

174. Viper's Bugloss, Echium vulgare, Forget-me-not family. The stem is very rough with stiff hairs, and reaches a height of 1 to 2 ft.: the leaves, which are also rough, are lance-shaped and fairly large: the flowers are massed in a handsome terminal spike: the corolla is tubular and twisted, at first dull purple, but, when fully open, changing to a deep blue: not uncommon on dry banks, flowering in summer.

172. Forget me not.

172. Forget-me-not.

173. Variegated Forget me not.

173. Variegated Forget-me-not.

175. Germander Speedwell, Veronica Chamoedrys, Foxglove family. A very pretty woodland flower: the stem is more or less prostrate, with pairs of sessile, ovate, serrate leaves; from the axils of the upper leaves arise slender stalks, each with a spike of large blue flowers: the corolla has 4 petals, very unequal in size, the lower one being much smaller than the others. A very different-looking plant is the Brooklime, V. Beccabunga, which is common in ditches: the stem is thick, with pairs of smooth, fleshy leaves: the little spikes of flowers resemble those of the Speedwell, though the flowers are smaller.

176. Bugle, Ajuga reptans. Dead-nettle family. A common early summer plant of damp meadows and stream sides • from the base of the stem arise several prostrate runners, which, like it, bear pairs of smooth, oval leaves: the flowering stem is erect, about 6 ins. high, with little groups of flowers in the axils of the upper leaves: the corolla is tubular, with a large, lobed lower lip; the upper lip, which is present in most members of this family, is wanting: flowers blue, occasionally white. 177. Wood Hyacinth, English Bluebell, Scilla non-scripta, Hyacinth family. The plant rests in the form of a bulb throughout the winter, and in spring sends up several long, narrow, fleshy leaves: in early summer appears the flower stalk, about 9 ins. high, with a terminal spike of drooping, bell-shaped flowers, bright blue in colour: a flower of shady woods.

174. Viper's Bugloss.

174. Viper's Bugloss.

175. Germander Speedwell.

175. Germander Speedwell.

17G. Bugle.

17G. Bugle.

177. Wood Hyacinth, English Bluebell.

177. Wood Hyacinth, English Bluebell.