At about the time when greater twayblades bloom, a kindred species, Loesel's tway-blade, also comes into bloom in swamps and damp thickets. The flower, however, is smaller and is yellow-green, and the shining leaves are arranged along the erect stalk. The plant has that "look of orchids" but is less conspicuous and less dramatic than the greater twayblade with its magnificent simplicity and its simple magnificence.

Loesel's Twayblade.

Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.

May-Woods, thickets, swamps.

Illinois is not often recognized as an orchid-growing state, yet there are at least thirty-three species of the Orchid family to be found in Illinois. A new one for the state, crested coralroot (Hexalectris spioata) was discovered in 1949 by Dr. Glen S. Winterringer, assistant botanist at the Illinois State Museum, during field work in southern Illinois. On any field trip another new orchid may be found. But so inconspicuous are some of our orchids that they may be easily missed even by the experienced botanical eye, or may be calmly devoured by cows, just as the pink mocassin is devoured by deer in the northern wilderness.

Loesel's twayblade has a single stalk of inconspicuous flowers which rises from a pair of pale green, glossy leaves clasping the stem.