Stem. - Stout, from a tuber-like rootstock. Leaves. - Ovate, three in a whorl, a short distance below the flower. Flower. - Single, terminal, large, white, turning pink or marked with green. Calyx. - Of three green, spreading sepals. Corolla. - Of three long pointed petals. Stamens. - Six. - Pis-. til. - One, with three spreading stigmas. Fruit. - A large ovate, somewhat angled, red berry.
This very beautiful and decorative flower must be sought far from the highway in the cool rich woods of April and May. Mr. Ellwanger speaks of the "chaste pure triangles of the white wood-lily," and says that it often attains a height of nearly two feet.
T. cernuum has no English title. Its smaller white or pinkish blossom is borne on a stalk which is so much curved as to sometimes quite conceal the flower beneath the leaves. It may be sought in the moist places in the woods.
Plate VIII. Fruit. Painted Trillium. - T. erythrocarpum
The painted trillium, T. erythrocarpum, is also less large and showy than the great white trillium, but it is quite as pleasing. Its white petals are painted at their base with red stripes. This species is very plentiful in the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains.