Stem. - Square, one to two feet high. Leaves. - Opposite, oblong or lance-shaped. Flowers. - Pale violet-purple, rarely white, growing singly from the axils of the leaves. Calyx. - Five-angled, five-toothed, the upper tooth largest. Corolla. - Tubular, two-lipped, the upper lip erect or spreading, two-lobed, the lower spreading and three-lobed, the throat closed. Stamens. - Four. Pistil. - One, with a two-lobed stigma.

Monkey Flower.   M. ringens

Plate XCI. Monkey-Flower. - M. ringens

From late July onward the monkey-flowers tinge the wet fields and border the streams and ponds; not growing in the water like the pickerel-weed, but seeking a hummock in the swamp, or a safe foothold on the brook's edge, where they can absorb the moisture requisite to their vigorous growth.

The name is a diminutive of mimus - a buffoon, and refers to the somewhat grinning blossom. The plant is a common one throughout the eastern part of the country.