Stem. - Smooth, three to six feet high, usually branching. Leaves. - The lower usually deeply incised, the upper narrowly oblong, incised, or entire. Flowers. - Yellow, large, in a raceme or spike. Calyx. - Five-cleft. Corolla. - Two inches long, somewhat tubular, swelling above, with five more or less unequal, spreading lobes, woolly within. Stamens. - Four, in pairs, woolly. Pistil. - One.

These large pale yellow flowers are very beautiful and striking when seen in the dry woods of late summer. They are all the more appreciated because there are few flowers abroad at this season save the Composites, which are decorative and radiant enough, but usually somewhat lacking in the delicate charm we look for in a flower.

The members of this genus, which is named after Gerarde, the author of the famous "Herball," are supposed to be more or less parasitic in their habits, drawing their nourishment from the roots of other plants.

The downy false foxglove, G. flava, is usually a somewhat lower plant, with a close down, a less-branched stem, more entire leaves, and smaller, similar flowers.

Smooth False Foxglove.   G. quercifolia.

Plate LIX. Smooth False Foxglove. - G. quercifolia