The members of this genus may be recognized by their moist caps and by the waxy nature of their gills, which usually grow downward on the stem (decurrent), and are not very closely placed side by side. No species is known to be dangerous.
Chantarelle hygrophorus (Edible)
Hygrophorus cantharellus (See Plate Facing Page 60)
Cap or Pileus - Thin, convex at first, but later depressed. Covered with minute scales. Moist, bright red, becoming change or yellow. 1/2-1 inch broad.
Gills or Lamella - Distant, somewhat arched, growing downward on the stem (decurrent). Yellow, sometimes tinged with vermilion. Unequal. Stem or Stipe - Smooth, not truly solid, sometimes hollow.
Coloured like the cap, whitish within. 2-4 inches long. Ring or Annulus - None. Spores - White.
Flesh - Disagreeable in flavour. Habitat - Swamps and damp, shaded places ; in fields or woods.
Common. The specimen photographed was found in dense mixed woods, Lake Placid.
Var. H. rosea has the cap expanded and the margin wavy. Var. H. flava has the cap and stem pale yellow, the gills arched and strongly decurrent.
Var. H. flavipes has the cap and stem red or reddish. Var. H. flaviceps has the cap yellow and the stem reddish.
Vermilion Hygrophorus (Edible)
Cap or Pileus - Thin, fragile at first, convex, becoming nearly flat. Smooth or minutely scaly. Often depressed. Red, fading to yellow or orange. 1-2 inches broad. Gills or Lamella - Distant. Usually yellow, sometimes tinged with red. Notched at the stem end, or growing down the stem, or fastened to the stem by the entire width of the inner extremity of the gill. Stem or Stipe - Slender, smooth. Coloured like the cap. Solid when young, hollow when old. 1-2 inches long. Ring or Annulus - None. Spores - White, elliptical. Flesh - Tender, and of agreeable flavour.
Time - June to September.
Habitat - Adapts itself to varying conditions. Singly, in groups, or in clusters, in bogs or on dry hillocks. The specimen photographed was found in woods, among fallen leaves and decayed wood, Lake Placid.
Flav'-i-pes Flav'-i-ceps Min-i-a'-tus
Section of H. miniatus.
Golden-flesh Boletus. (Boletus chrysenteron, Fr.). Reduced. See page 106.
Vermilion Hygrophorus (edible). (Hygrophorus miniatus, Fr.). Reduced.
Chanterelle Hygrophorus (edible). (Hygrophorus cantharellus, Schw.).
Reduced. See page 59.
Fat Pholiota, (edible). (Pholiota adiposa, Fr.) See page 83.
Honey-coloured Armillaria (edible). (Armillaria mellea, Vahl).
Ivory Hygrophorus (Edible)
Hygrophorus eburneus (See Plate Facing Page 84)
Cap orPileus - White, thin,fleshy,viscid. Stem or Stipe - White, unequal, long, slender, stuffed, or hollow; viscid. Gills or Lamelloz White, waxy, unequal, distant, growing down the stem (decurrent), thick and firm. Volva and Annulus Wanting. Spores - White. Flesh - Odour and taste grateful. Time - September. Habitat - The specimen photographed was found growing among moss and fallen leaves in dense wood, Lake Placid.