A milky or coloured juice exuding from the broken gills of a fungus marks it as a Lactarius. The species are mostly stout and fleshy, the cap resembling an inverted cone ; the gills are more or less decurrent, and the stem short and stout. Many of the species have a hot, acrid taste, and some have zones of colour on the surface of the cap. The spores are white or yellow. The juice exuded may be white or orange or blue.

Peppery Lactarius (Edible) Lactarius piperatus

Cap or Pileus - Creamy white, fleshy, firm, depressed in the centre. Dry, never viscid, and uncommonly broad. 3-12 inches in diameter.

Gills or Lamella - Creamy white, narrow, crowded, unequal, forked, decurrent. Exuding a milky juice when bruised. Milk white.

Stem or Stipe - Creamy white, short, thick, solid, rounded at and slightly tapering toward the base.

Gom-phyd'-I-us Sa-thy-rel'-la Pan-se'-o-lus

Lac-ta-ri-us Pip er-a'-tus

Mycena haematopoda, Pers. See page 55.

Mycena haematopoda, Pers. See page 55.

Lactarius ligniotus, Fr.

Lactarius ligniotus, Fr.

Peppery Lactarius (Lactarius piperatus. Scop. Nat. size)

Peppery Lactarius (Lactarius piperatus. Scop. Nat. size).

Peppery Lactarius 2 (Lactarius piperatus, Scop. Nat. size)

Peppery Lactarius (Lactarius piperatus, Scop. Nat. size).

Fungi with Milky Juice

L. piperatus

L. piperatus.

Veil and Annulus - None.

Spores - White.

Flesh - Slightly paler than the surface of the cap. Taste very peppery. Odour quite aromatic.

Time - Summer.

Habitat - Specimen pictured was found in mixed woods, among dried leaves and sticks, in New Jersey.

Lactarius Iigniotus

Cap or Pileus - Fleshy; brown velvety surface ; convex to plane; brittle. Gills or Lamella - Attached to the stem, distant, unequal. Snow white to yellowish white. Milk mild and white. Stem and Stipe - The upper part the same colour as the cap surface, base lighter ; hollow. Ring or Annulus - None. Spores - White. Flesh - Taste pleasant. Broken flesh reddish white, then yellow ish. Time - September. Habitat - Common among mosses under fir trees. The specimen pictured was found growing in mixed woods at Lake Placid.

Lig-ni-o'-tus