The members of this genus have rusty spores, and an annulus on the stem. There are about twenty known species, and some of these are edible.
Fat Pholiota (Edible)
Pholiota Adiposa (See Plate Facing Page 61)
Cap or Pileus - Showy, deep yellow, with little scales of reddish brown. Fleshy, firm. At first hemispherical, then convex. Sticky when moist, shiny when dry. 2-4 inches broad.
Stem or Stipe - Stem yellow, generally rusty at the base. Equal in diameter, or slightly thickened at the base. Stuffed or solid. Tough.
Gills or Lamella - Yellowish, becoming rusty ; close, and attached to the stem.
Ring or Annulus - Slightly radiating, woolly.
Spores - Rusty brown.
Time - September to November.
Habitat - In tufts, on stumps or dead trunks of trees.
Pholiota limonella, lemon-yellow pholiota, has a smaller, thinner, and more expanded cap, of a lighter yellow, with white gills.
Section of P. adiposa.
Early Pholiota (Edible) Pholiota pracox.
Section of P. proecox.
Cap or Pileus - Creamy white, smooth, not shining. Very thin skin. 1-2 inches long.
Stem or Stipe - Creamy white, rather scaly. Skin peels readily. Stuffed or hollow. 1-5 inches long.
Gills or Lamella - Creamy white when young, brown when mature. Soft, close, unequal, notched at the inner extremity, and attached to the stem.
Veil and Ring - Stretched like a drumhead from stem to margin of cap. Variable in manner of parting. It sometimes separates from cap margin, and forms a distinct ring about the stem; again, but little remains on the stem, and much on the rim of the cap.
Spores - Rusty brown.
Flesh-White, solid though soft, moist. Taste slightly bitter.
Time - May to July.
Habitat - Grassy ground. The specimen pictured grew about the roots of a poplar tree in New Jersey.
(See Plate Facing Page 73)
Cap or Pileus - Brown, shining when moist. Margin in older specimens finely and closely impressed with parallel lines. Cap diameter of specimen photographed, 2 inches.
Gills or Lamella - Pale brownish when young, darker brown
Pre -cox Ag-ger-ic -o-la
Ivory Hygrophorus (Edible).
(Hygrophorns eburneus, Fries)
Reduced. Cap diam., 1 inch ; stem length 3/4 inches
See page 61
Early Pholiota (Edible).
(Pholiota pracox, Pers )
Reduced. Nat. size: Cap diam 2 1/4 inches; stem length, 3 1/4 inches.
(Cortinarius caninus, Fr.) Cap lavender and brown ; gills lavender ; flesh lavender when bruised ; taste mild ; odour disagreeable
See Genus, p. 85
Rusty-spored Series when mature. Attached to stem when young, free when older. Veil - Pale brown, colour of stem. Stem or Stipe Pale brownish, darker at base. Softer texture within than without. Stem length of specimen p h o t o graphed, 2 inches. Spores - Rusty brown. Flesh - Pale brownish; brittle. No taste or marked odour. Time - October. Habitat - Specimen photographed grew among grass and leaves in a New Jersey garden.
Section of P. aggericola.