Evergreen shrubs. Twigs slender, somewhat 3-sided or 5-sided; pith small, slightly angled, continuous. Buds solitary, sessile, ovoid, with about 3 exposed scales. Leaves alternate, spatu-late, rather small. Leaf-scars small, crescent-shaped; bundle-trace 1; stipule-scars lacking.
1. A. uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. Bearberry. Trailing shrub with long flexible branches covered with papery reddish to ashy exfoliating bark; twigs minutely tomentulose-viscid, becoming glabrate; leaves evergreen, obovate to spatulate, coriaceous, entire, 0. 9-3 cm. long. Exposed rocky or sandy soil, Greenland to Alaska, south to Virginia, Illinois, Colorado, and California (Fig. 263).
Fig. 263. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.