Evergreen bog shrub. Twigs slender, roundish, at first puberulent and scurfy, then with shredding gray bark, finally smooth and deep red-brown; pith small, roundish, continuous. Buds solitary, sessile, small, globose, with about 3 exposed scales. Leaves simple, alternate, entire, scurfy beneath. Leaf-scars minute, crescent-shaped; bundle-trace 1; stipule-scars lacking. Capsule small, depressed-globose, present in winter.

Fig. 259. Chamaedaphne calyculata

Fig. 259. Chamaedaphne calyculata.

1. C. calyculata (L.) Moench. Leatherleaf. Shrub up to 1 m. high or taller; leaves evergreen, coriaceous, scurfy, especially beneath, 2. 5-5 cm. long. Bogs, Labrador to Alaska, south to Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa, Alberta, and British Columbia; also in Eurasia (Fig. 259).