1. T. canadensis Marsh. American Yew. A low sprawling shrub, seldom over 1 m. high; leaves 2-ranked, dark green above, yellowish-green beneath, 12-30 mm. long, about 2 mm. wide, persistent on twigs in drying; seed mostly surrounded by a fleshy aril which when mature becomes 6 mm. long, red, juicy, sweet, resembling the fruit of angiosperms, often persistent into winter. Rich woods and thickets, Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Iowa and the mountains of Kentucky (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1. Taxus canadensis.