Shrubs or small trees, sometimes creeping, mostly deciduous. Branchlets 4-sided or 4-lined below the nodes, usually green; pith rounded or angled, greenish, porous or becoming excavated in older stems. Buds small to fairly large, solitary, sessile, with 3 to 5 pairs of scales. Leaf-scars opposite, or the members of pairs somewhat separated, half-elliptical; bundle-trace 1; stipule-scars minute, usually indistinct. Fruit a capsule which splits in autumn revealing the crimson or orange-red seeds, persistent into winter.

a.

Twigs rounded, but often 4-lines

1.

E. atropurpureus

a.

Twigs 4-lined

b. Erect bushy shrub

2.

E. americanus

b. Low and procumbent

3.

E. obovatus

1. E. atropurpureus Jacq. Burning Bush. Wahoo. Shrub up to 4 m. high, with greenish bark; buds oblong, scales about 5, oblong, loose; pods smooth. Rich woods, Ontario to Montana, south to Alabama and Oklahoma; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (Fig. 188).

2. E. americanus L. Strawberry Bush. Low shrub, upright or straggling, 2. 5 m. high, glabrous; branches green; pods warty, on a slender stalk. Rich woods, Florida to Texas, north to New York, Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma (Fig. 189).

Fig. 188. Euonymus atropurpureus

Fig. 188. Euonymus atropurpureus.

Fig. 189. Euonymus americanus

Fig. 189. Euonymus americanus.

Fig. 190. Euonymus obovatus

Fig. 190. Euonymus obovatus.

3. E. obovatus Nutt. Trailing Strawberry Bush. Trailing shrub with rooting branches; upright branches 3-6 dm. high, green; buds fusiform; pods warty. Rich woods, New York to Michigan, south to Tennessee and Missouri (Fig. 190).