Deciduous shrubs or small trees. Twigs rounded, zigzag, slender, stellate-tomentose to glabrate; pith small, round, green, continuous. Buds moderate, stalked, oblong, tomentose. Leaf-scars alternate, 2-ranked, half-round or 3-lobed; bundle-traces 3, often compound; stipule-scars unequal, one round, the other elongated. The leaves have a curious double abscission layer, the petioles falling normally in autumn and the surface of the leaf-scar again abscissing in spring.

Fig. 121. Hamamelis virginiana

Fig. 121. Hamamelis virginiana.

1. H virginiana L. Witch-hazel. A shrub or small tree 5-8 m. high, the stems 10-25 cm. in diameter; buds sordid-yellow, 5-8 mm. long, including the stalk. The yellow flowers appear in autumn and the obovoid-pubescent capsules, 1-1.5 cm. long, mature a year later. Woods, Quebec to Minnesota, south to Georgia and Louisiana (Fig. 121).