Abortion

Premature birth.

Acaulescent

Stemless.

Acridity

Sharp, bitter taste.

Acuminate

Taper-pointed.

Aleurone

The protein layer of a seed.

Alternate

One after another (used of the arrangement of leaves on a stem).

Anaerobic

A term applied to organisms which thrive best when air is excluded.

Ancesthesia

Loss of feeling.

Annual

Maturing in one year.

Anther

The pollen-sac of a stamen.

Antidote

A substance which counteracts a poison.

Antiferment

A preventative of fermentation.

Antitoxin

An antidote for a toxin.

Arterioles

Fine, elastic-walled blood vessels connecting arteries and capillaries.

Arthropods

Animals with jointed limbs like the insects, spiders, etc.

Ascomycete

A fungus which bears its spores in asci.

Ascus (PI

asci). A spore sac.

Asphyxia

Suffocation.

Ataxia

Inability to coordinate voluntary movements.

Atrophy

Degeneration.

Autopsy

An examination after death.

Awns

"Beards", as in barley.

Axil

The angle between leaf and stem.

Bacillus

A rod-shaped type of bacterium.

Biennial

Maturing in two years.

Botulism

A disease produced by a bacillus living in spoiled meats, etc.

Bracts

Small abortive leaves.

Calyx

The outer whorl of a complete flower, composed of sepals, usually green.

Capillary

A fine, thin-walled bloodvessel, where gaseous, food and other exchange takes place.

Capsule

A short pod.

Cardiac

Relating to the heart.

Carpel

A division of the pistil, composed of one stigma, one style and one ovary.

Cerebral

Relating to the brain.

Clonic

With alternate convulsive contractions and relaxations of the muscles.

Coma

Stupor.

Congestion

Over supply of blood.

Conidium (PI

conidia). Spore cut off from the end of a hypha of a fungus.

Conjunctiva

The membrane covering the free surface of the ball of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid.

Cordate

Heart-shaped.

Corm

The base of a stem enlarged for food storage.

Corolla

The second whorl of a complete flower, composed of petals, usually coloured.

Corymb

A raceme which is broad and flat, or only slightly convex, the lower pedicels being lengthened.

Corymbose

Resembling a corymb.

Crenate

With rounded lobes.

Cumulative

Increasing by successive additions.

Cyme

A usually broad flower cluster with the terminal flowers oldest.

Cymose

Resembling a cyme.

Decompound

Several times compound.

Decubitus

Recumbent posture.

Deliriant

Causing frenzy.

Demulcent

Soothing.

Dissected

Cut into fine divisions.

Diuretic

A stimulant to the secretion of urine.

Drupe

A stone-fruit (e.g., the plum).

Dysentery

A disease of the large intestine characterized by fever, pain and bloody discharges.

Ellipsoid

Resembling an ellipse.

Emetic

Anything which produces vomiting.

Endosperm

Food material of a seed outside the germ.

Enema

An intestinal injection.

Enteritis

Inflammation of the intestines.

Enzyme

A ferment.

Faecal

Relating to the faeces.

Faeces

Excretion of the bowels.

Filament

The stalk of a stamen.

Floret

One of the flowers of the head in the Sunflower Family.

Frond

The vegetative or fruiting leaf of a fern.

Fungus

A member of one of the low groups of plants, without chlorophyll, (e.g., mushrooms, moulds, etc.).

Gangrene

Death of the body tissues in local areas, leading to decomposition.

Genus

A group of similar, or related species.

Glaucous

Covered with "bloom", as in the plum.

Glandular

Producing a secretion.

Hirsute

With stiff hairs.

Hypha

A fungus filament.

Lanceolate

Lance-shaped.

Ligule

An appendage where the leaf blade joins the sheath in such leaves as those of the grasses.

Linear

Long and very narrow.

Lyrate

Lyre-shaped (e.g., radish leaves).

Middlings

Feed composed of the inner coats of grain.

Morphology

Gross form or structure.

Oblanceolate

Lance-shaped with the point nearest the stem.

Oblong

Several times longer than broad and with nearly parallel edges.

Oesophagus

Gullet.

Oleaginous

Oily.

Orbicular

Round or nearly round.

Ovary

The part of the pistil which contains the egg cells and later the seeds.

Ovate

Oval with the base broader.

Ovoid

Somewhat ovate.

Palmate

Radiating from one point.

Panicle

A branching raceme.

Paraplegia

Paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body.

Parasite

An organism subsisting on the living bodies of plants or animals.

Pathological

Relating to disease.

Peduncle

Flower stalk.

Peltate

Umbrella-shaped, having a central stalk.

Pendent

Hanging.

Perennial

Living for more than two years.

Perianth

The floral envelope of certain flowers.

Petal

One of the divisions of the corolla.

Petiole

Leaf-stalk.

Pinnate

Like a feather, with veins or leaflets extending from the sides of a midrib.

Pistil

The whole seed-bearing part of a flower.

Pistillate

Pertaining to the pistil.

Polymerized

Changed into another substance, having the same atomic proportions but a higher molecular weight.

Pubescent

Soft hairy.

Pulmonary

Relating to the lungs.

Pyloric

Relating to the pylorus, the opening from stomach to intestine.

Raceme

A flower cluster resembling a spike but with the flowers stalked.

Rachis

The central axis of a spike or of a compound leaf.

Radicle

The part of the seed that develops into the root.

Revolute

In-rolled.

Reflexed

Bent back.

Regurgitation

Expulsion of stomach contents into mouth or nose.

Rumen

The paunch, or first stomach.

Ruminants

Cud-chewing animals.

Sagittate

Arrow-shaped.

Salivation

Excessive production of saliva.

Sclerotium

The wintering stage of Ergot, the hardened mass replacing the grain of the affected grass.

Screenings

Materials screened from grain or seed.

Sepal

One of the segments of the calyx.

Serrate

Toothed like a saw.

Sessile

Not stalked.

Serum

The thin fluid which separates from blood when it clots.

Silica

Silicon dioxide, the substance of which quartz sand is composed.

Sinapism

A mustard-plaster.

Sinuate

Wavy.

Spadix

A spike with a fleshy axis.

Spathe

The bract associated with the spadix.

Species

A group of plants or animals so nearly alike as to show only individual differences.

Sphacelia

The stage of Ergot where summer spores are produced.

Spike

A flower cluster with sessile blossoms arranged along a stalk, the youngest at the tip.

Spikelet

A secondary spike.

Sporangium

A spore-case.

Sporangiophore

A structure bearing sporangia.

Spore

A simple reproductive body usually composed of one cell.

Stamen

The pollen-bearing organ of a flower.

Staminate

Pertaining to stamens.

Sterile

Producing no fruit.

Stipules

Bracts at the base of a leaf.

Striate

Marked with small parallel lines or channels.

Style

The part of the pistil which joins the stigma to the ovary.

Subcutaneous

Under the skin.

Symbiotically

In partnership.

Tendon

A strand of white, fibrous tissue attaching, e.g., muscle to bone.

Toxic

Poisonous.

Toxin

A poisonous substance produced in diseased or decaying tissues.

Umbel

A flat-topped flower cluster with the flower stalks all coming from one point.

Vagus

The tenth cranial nerve.

Venation

The system of veins.

Vertigo

Dizziness or giddiness.

Volatile

Evaporating under ordinary conditions. Vomilion. Vomiting.