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Weeds And Wild Flowers | by Lady Wilkinson



Their uses, legends, and literature.

TitleWeeds And Wild Flowers
AuthorLady Wilkinson
PublisherJohn Van Voorst
Year1858
Copyright1858, John Van Voorst
AmazonWeeds and Wild Flowers

Illustrated by twelve coloured engravings, and twenty-six woodcuts.

Weeds And Wild Flowers 2
-A Preface Of Mottoes
* * * S'adopra in sua salute, II qual de l'herbe, e de le nobil' acque Ben conosceva ogni uso, ogni virtute. Ger. Lib. c. xi, s. 70. * * In every plant There lives a spirit, more or less ak...
-Common Nettle. Urtica Dioica
Welsh, Danadlen. - French, Ortie. - German, Brennessel. - Dutch, Brandenetel. - Italian, Ortica. - Spanish and Portuguese, Ortiga. - Polish, Pokrzywa. Linnaean Moncecia tetrandria. Natural ...
-Common Nettle. Urtica Dioica. Part 2
So the ill-natured castellan was called upon to redeem the promise which he had made on the conditions thus performed; while, with that literal fulfilment of the requirements of justice which is pecul...
-Common Nettle. Urtica Dioica. Part 3
The question is one, which, of course, can never be satisfactorily settled, neither is it of importance; yet it should be remembered that there exists a singular, yet constantly acting, dispersional l...
-Broom. Cytisus Vel Genista
{Sarothamnus of Edinb. Cat. ) Welsh, Aurfanadl, Melynog-y-waun. - French, Genet. - German, Ginster. - Dutch, Brem. - Italian, Ginestra. - Spanish Jinestra. - Portuguese, Ginesta. - Danish, Genist...
-Broom. Cytisus Vel Genista. Part 2
Too often we discover, on examination, that any lessons we may derive from such, arise from the instinctive promptings of our own hearts, from the spontaneous whispering of the mind, which revolts fro...
-Broom. Cytisus Vel Genista. Part 3
The natives of Brittany also have selected it for their emblem, and appear to hold it in high estimation. In their popular songs the lover compares his loved one to the yellow flower of the broom. ...
-Sundew. Drosera
Welsh, Y Doddedig rudd. - French, Rossolis. - German, Sonnenthau. - Italian, Rugiada del sole. - Dutch, Sonne-daauw. - Spanish, Rociada. - Portuguese, Rossolina. - Russian, Tolneznaja trawa. Linnae...
-Brown-Wort, Knotted Fig-Wort, Kernel-Wort. Scrophularia Nodosa
Welsh, Deilen dda, or Deilen ddu dda, Craith unos. - French, Scrophulaire, Herbe du siege. - German, Braunwurtz. - Dutch, Skrofebruid. - Italian, Scrofolaria. - Spanish and Portuguese, Escrofularia. -...
-Horsetail. Equisetum
Welsh, Rhawn, or Rhownyn y march. - French, Prele, Queue de cheval, Caqueue. - German, Kannenkraut, Asprella. - Dutch, Akkerig paardestaart. - Italian, Equiseto, Codadi di cavallo. - Spanish, Equisito...
-Horsetail. Equisetum. Continued
The value of this plant in polishing is, of course, due to the silicious substance in its stems, as was first, I believe, positively pointed out by Sir Hum-phrey Davy. The cells incrusted with this si...
-Woodsorrel, Woodsom, Alleluja, Hearts, Cuckoo's Meat. Oxalis Acetosella
Welsh, Suran y gog, Clychau twlwyth teg, Segyrffug. - Irish, Seamsog. - French, Surelle, Petite oseille, Pain de Cocu. - Italian, Alleluia. - Spanish, Aleluyo. - German, Sauerklee. - Dutch, Klaverziur...
-Mullein, Hightaper, Torch - Blade, Wool-Blade, Grace Of God, Bullock's Lung-Wort, St. Peter's Staff. Verbascum
Welsh, Pannog. - French, Bouillon blanc, Molene. - German, Wollkraut, Wollblume, Himmelbrand, Konigskerze, Oster-kerze. - Dutch, Wollekruid. - Swedish, Kongsljus. - Danish, Kongelys. - Russian, Zaarsk...
-Daisy, Herb-Margaret, Gowan, Bruise-Wort. Bellis Perenis
Welsh, Llygad y dydd, Blodau'r dydd. - French, Marguerite, Parquerette. - German, Massliebe, Liebesblumchen, Ganse-augen-blume, Marien-blume. - .Dutch, Madelieven. - Italian, Margheritina, Fiori di pr...
-Lung-Wort, Cowslip Of Jerusalem, Sage Of Jerusalem, Sage Of Bethlehem, Gooseberry-Fool. Pulmonaria
Welsh, Lys yr ysgyfaint, Llysiau Mair, Llaeth bron Mair, Nodwydd ddyur Eva, Clystiau derw (P. maritima, Glesyn y morlan). - French, Pulmonaire. - German, Lungenkraut. - Dutch, Longekruid. - Italian, P...
-Hops
Sings in proof of the introduction of the plant at any stated date. It is indigenous to our islands, and wreathes with its graceful festoons over hedge-rows, and moorland walls, in places hundreds of ...
-Daffodil, Primrose-Peerless. Narcissus
Welsh, Clychau maban, Cenhinen pedr, Croes aw gwanwyn. - French, Asphodele, Pauvre fille de Sainte Claire, Narcisse sauvage, Campane jaune, (aian, aioult?) - German, Grune Dame. - Italian, Arfodillo, ...
-Fumitory, Or Earthsmoke. Fumaria
Welsh, Mwg-yr-ddaear. - French, Fumeterre. - German, Erd-rauch. - Dutch, Duivekervel. - Italian, Fumosterno. - Spanish, Fuma-ria, Palomica, Palomilla. - Portuguese, Fuma-ria. - Russian, Semlanjaorech....
-St. John's-Wort (Or Grass), Tutsan, Touch (Or Touching) Leaves, Park-Leaves, Grace Of God. Fuga Doemonum, Hypericum
Welsh, Erinllys, or Eurinllys, Fendigedi, Nele, Ysgol Grist, Ysgol Fair, Creu-lys bendiged, Dail y trwch, Llys per-figedd. - French, Millepertuis. - German, Johanniskraut. - Dutch, St. Jans kruid. - I...
-St. John's-Wort, Tutsan, Touch (Or Touching) Leaves, Park-Leaves, Grace Of God. Fuga Doemonum, Hypericum. Continued
I have alluded to the superstitions which clustered so thickly around the night of St. John, midsummer's eve; when evil spirits were at large, and this plant was in great demand in order to protect pe...
-Fennel. Foeniculum Vulgare. (Anethum Foeniculum Of Linn.)
Welsh, Ffenigl. - French, Fenouil. - German, Fenchel. - Spanish, Hinojo. - Italian, Finocchio, or Finocchino. - Dutch,Fenekell. Linnaean Pentandria, Digynia. Natural Umbelliferce. Mir...
-Bell-Flower, Witch's Thimble, Throat-Wort. Campanula
Welsh, Clychlys. - Gaelic, Curach-na-cw'aig. - French, Clo-chette, Campanelle. - German, Glocken-blume. Linnaean Pentandria. Monogynia. Natural Campanulaceae. Campanula. The frail blue...
-Forget-Me-Not. Myosotis Palustris
Welsh, Y Dorfagl, Golwg Christ, Llygaid Christ, Goleiddrem, Gloywlys, Effros. - French, Gremillet, Scorpionne. - Ger-man, Vergiss-mein-nicht. - Danish, Forgjoet-mig-ej. - Dutch, Kruidig-muize-noor. - ...
-Forget-Me-Not. Myosotis Palustris. Continued
Unchangeable is the truth that, Si l'auteur de la nature est grand dans les grandes choses, il est tres grand dans les petites; wisely then, like the old philosopher, Sir Thomas Browne, shall ...
-Bitter-Cress, Cuckoo-Flower, Lady's-Smock, Bread And Milk. Cardamine Pratensis
Welsh, Hydyf. - French, Cresson, Chemise de notre Dame. - German, Gauchblume. - Dutch, Schuimblad. - Polish, Rze-zuchapolna. - Russian, Lugobui. - Spanish, Cardamindo. - Portuguese, Cardamina. Linn...
-Sanicle. Samcula
Welsh, Clust yr arth, Olcheuraid or Golchwraidd. - French, Sanicle. - German, Sainckel. - Butch and Danish, Sanikel. - Polish, Zankiel. - Italian, Sanicola. - Spanish and Portuguese, Sauicula. Linn...
-Onions And Leeks. Allium
Welsh, Craf, Cennin, or Cenhinen, Seifys. - French, Ail a tuniques, Porreau. - German, Zahme Lauch, Spanische Lauch. - Dutch, Prey, Porreyc. - Swedish, Purio. - Russian, Pras. - Polish, Plodzis-yek. -...
-Onions And Leeks. Allium. Continued
I could refer to a case in which a woman, newly removed from such a locality as that indicated, to a populous mining district, act-ually, from the force of habit, divided her garden into four equal pa...
-Borage. Borago
Welsh, Bronwerth, Tafod yrych, Llawenlys. - French, Bourache. - German, Borretsch, Burretsch. - Italian, Borrana, Borra-gine. - Spanish, Borraja. - Arabic, Lissan-et-tor. Linnaean Pentandria. Mo...
-Dandelion. Leontodon
Welsh, Dant-y Llew. - Irish, Bearnan bearnagh. - Gaelic, Am bearnan bride. - French, Dent de lion. - German, Lowenzahn. Linnaean Syngenesia. AEqualis. Natural Compositae. Leontodon. ...
-Crocus
Little less seems to have been the prejudice excited by the use of saffron as a dye (though in this case it was used for dyeing linen) when Ireland fell under the English yoke. The subject became one ...
-Willow-Herb, Codlins And Cream, Apple-Pie-Plant, Rose-Bay. Epilobium
Welsh, Helyg lys. - French, Laurier de St. Antoine. - German, Weiderich. - Italian and Spanish, Epilobio. - Russian, Kiprei. Linnaean Octandria. Monogynia. Natural Onagraria. Epilobium. ...
-Agrimony. Agrimonia
Welsh, Tryw, y Drydon, Troed y dryw, Cwlyn, or Caliwlyn y mel, Cychwlyn, Blaen y conyn or y mel, y Felysig, Llysiau 'r fuddau. - French, Aigremoine. - German, Odermennig. - Dutch, Agrimonie. - Spanish...
-Heather. Erica Et Calluna
Welsh, Grug, Myncog. - Gaelic, Traoch. - French, Bruyere. - German, Heide. - Italian, Erica. - Spanish, Brezo. - Russian, Weresk. - Polish,Wryos. - Danish, Lyng. - Swedish, Liung. Linnaean Octan...
-Heather. Erica Et Calluna. Part 2
The share which the heather takes in the formation of peat in the Old World is well known, but its absence in the New, by no means interferes with the progress of this vegetable de-posit wherever the ...
-Heather. Erica Et Calluna. Part 3
The heather is very important as an article of food to bees. They are exceedingly fond of the heather-bells; and, notwithstanding the assertion of Gerarde that of these flowers bees do gather bad hon...
-Heather. Erica Et Calluna. Part 4
These varied beauties are, however, familiar to the reader, and I will, therefore, only lay before him the descriptive lines of Mrs. Grant, of Laggan, before I enter into the drier botanical details r...
-Butter-Wort. Pinguicula
Welsh, Toddaidd melyn. - French, Grassette. - German, Fett-kraut. - Dutch, Smeerblade.- Italian, Pinguicola. - Spa-nish, Grassila. - Portuguese, Grassetta. - Danish, Vibefit. - Swedish, Tetort. Lin...
-Violet. Viola
Welsh, Crinllys, Gwiolydd, Mill, Millyn. - Irish, Sail covah. - Gaelic, Sail-chuach. - French, Violette. - German, Viole. - Italian, Viola. - Greek, Ion. - Arabic, Benefsig. - Persian, Benefse, or ben...
-Violet. Viola. Continued
Comparisons which we may refer rather to the deli-cate tinting of purple which gives so great a charm to some eyelids, especially to those of little babies, rather than to the ancient practice of imit...
-Cuckoo-Pint, Wake-Robin, Priests-Pint. Arum (Formerly Written Aron)
Welsh, Pidyn, or Pidogyn y gog, Cala'r gethlydd. - Irish, Clovas a Gachir. - French, Chou poivre, Pain de lievre, Pied de veau. - German, Zehr-wurzel, or Zehrend-wurzel-kraut. - Italian, Giara. - Arab...
-Rose. Rosa
Welsh, Rhos, Breila. - French, Rose. - German, Rose. - Dutch, Rooze-bloom. - Italian, Rosa. - Spanish, Rosa. - Illyric, Rusa, Ruxica, Ruseja. - Polish, Roza. - Arabic, Werd. Linnaean Icosandria....
-Rose. Rosa. Part 2
The rose, as is well known, is the emblem of love, on which account it was formerly woven into the bridal wreath (and not, as some grave philosopher suggests, in order to imitate the ordinary decorati...
-Rose. Rosa. Part 3
The Roman Catholic Church appears to have selected the rose as her emblem; and in her liturgies terms the Virgin Mary Rosa Mystica, on which account the Pope carries a golden rose in his hand when h...
-Rose. Rosa. Part 4
The rose, as amongst Eastern nations, has ever been a peculiar favourite in France. And some of the French deeds or acts of the middle ages, contain clauses stipulating for certain rentes of roses...
-Rose. Rosa. Part 5
The flower is not only used for strewing the floors of the baths, but some rose-water is put into the bath itself. According to Hasselquist, one particular rose is principally used for this purpose, a...
-Rose. Rosa. Part 6
The Bible says, the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose; and though commentators have disputed whether the flower referred to is the rose, yet as this plant is a native of Syria, there i...
-Rose. Rosa. Part 7
Farther west, the court of this Queen of flowers seems to be kept in the woods of North America, especially of the United States, in whose mighty forests the trees are wreathed and twined by the bri...
-Foxglove (Folk's-Glove). Digitalis
Welsh, Menyg ellyllon, Bysedd cochion, Bysedd y cwn, Ffion dail, Ffion firwyth. - French, Gants de notre dame, Doigts de la Vierge. - German, Fingerhut. - Italian, Aralda. - Spanish, Dedalera. - Danis...
-Columbine. Aquilegia
Welsh, Madwysg cyffredin. - Irish, Gillum bawn. - French, Ancolie, Galatine. - German, Akelen. - Italian, Colombina, Perfetto amore. Linnaean Polyandria. Pentagynia. Natural Ranunculaceae....
-Madder. Rubia
Welsh, Gwreiddrudd, Cochwraidd. - French, Garance. - German, Krapp. - Spanish, Rubia. - Arabic, Fooah. Linnaean Tetrandria. Monogynia. Natural Ricbiaceae. Stellatece. The wild madder {R...
-Goose-Grass, Cleavers, Or Bedstraw. Galium
Welsh, Brinwydd, Gwendron, Gwenwlydd; (G. aparine), Llys yr Nidl; (G. verum), Llys y cywen. - French, Muguet. - German, Kleberig, Klebekraut. Linnaean Tetrandria. Monogynia. Natural Cor...
-Live-Long, Stonecrop, Orpine. Sedum
Welsh, Brwydog, Bywlys, Briweg; (Sedum Anglica), Gwen-nith y brain. - French, Orpin. - German, Hauswurz, Haus-wurzel, Haus laub, Dach laub. - Italian, Favagello. - Spanish, Telefio, Fabacras. - Arabic...
-Stitch-Wort. - Chickweed. Stellaria
Welsh, Tafod yr edn. - Irish, Fluigh. - French, Mouron. - German, Huhnerdarm. - Spanish, Alsine. Linnaean Decandria. Trigynia. Natural Caryophyllece. Stellaricce. Stellaria. These prett...
-Lily Of The Valley, Lily Convally, May Lily, Ladder To Heaven, Or Jacob's Ladder, Liriconfancie, Or Liricumfancy, Also Solomon's Seal, And David's Harp. Convallaria
Welsh, Glych Enid. - French, Muguet, Gros muguet, Muguet de Mai, Lis des Vallees. - Italian, Mughetto, Giglio dei convalli, Scala cielo. - German, Maiblume, Mai glocken. Linnaean Hexandria. Mono...
-Betony. Betonica Officinalis
Welsh, Cribau St. Ffraid, Llys dwyfawg. - French, Betoine. - German, Betonie. - Dutch, Betonic. - Russian, Bukwiza. - Italian, Bettonica. - Spanish and Portuguese, Betonica. - Illyric, Bukvica, Sarpak...
-Betony. Betonica Officinalis. Continued
So complete is the catalogue of its medicinal virtues, given in the Stockholm MS., that I will present it nearly at length, as it may probably be new to some of my readers. The following passage, wh...
-Centaury. Erythrcea
Welsh, Bustl y ddaer, Canrhi goch. - French, Quinquine des pauvres, Petite centauree. - German, Tausendguldenkraut. - Italian, Fiele di terra, Centauro. - Spanish, Centaura. - Illyric, Gorko Zelje, Gh...
-Speedwell, Paul's Betony, Fluellen. Veronica
Welsh, Llysiau Llewelyn, Rhwyddlwyn. - French, Veronique. - German, Ehren-preiss, Blumchen der Treue. - Dutch, Eer en prus. - Danish, CEren prus. - Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese, Veronica. Linna...
-Speedwell, Paul's Betony, Fluellen. Veronica. Part 2
The name of fluellen, by which English writers not unfrequently designate the speedwell, is a corruption of the Welsh, Llys Llewelyn, the herb of Llewelyn; or, more properly, an attempt to assimilate ...
-Speedwell, Paul's Betony, Fluellen. Veronica. Part 3
Where ideas are equally the offspring of imagination we are free to choose between them as our fancy lists, but pleasanter far is the image thus expressed - the yearning for human sympathy, for human ...
-Mountain Flax, Milmountain. Linum Catharticum
Welsh, Llin y tylwyth teg, Llin y munnydd. Linnaean Pentandria. Pentagynia. Natural Linece. In Wales the elegant little mountain flax is called Llin y tylwyth teg, or Fairy's flax.* W...
-Mountain Flax, Milmountain. Linum Catharticum. Part 2
At a very early period the culture of flax became of such importance in the internal economy of Ireland, that the Brehon laws - that rule of right, unwritten but delivered by tradition from one to...
-Mountain Flax, Milmountain. Linum Catharticum. Part 3
By the Greeks linen was used in the time of Herodotus, who especially refers to their trading for it to various countries, and' also to their distinguishing, by name, the linens of different districts...
-Thistle. Carduus
Welsh, Ysgall. - French, Chardon. - German, Distel. - Dutch, Distel. - Italian, Cardo. - Spanish, Cardo. - Danish, Tidsel. - Polish, Bodiac. - Russian, Oset. - Illyric, Oset, Badetj, Kravacsac. Lin...
-Thistle. Carduus. Part 2
The Order of the Thistle is most usually stated to have been established as late as the year 1500; but it is to be remembered, as Dr. G. Johnston shews, that the plant was peculiarly the badge of the...
-Thistle. Carduus. Part 3
The seeds of the thistle yield a most valuable oil, which is clear, fine, and bland; and though they are far from being a heavy substance, the quantity of the oil is nearly equal to three-fourths of t...
-Thistle. Carduus. Part 4
Shrivelled and dried up in autumn, in such a manner that its stems contract into a ball, while the roots loose their hold of the earth, it suddenly becomes free, and rolls away before the autumn blast...
-Bindweed. Convolvulus
Welsh, Cynhafawg. - French, Liseron, Liset. - German, Winde. - Dutch, Vinde. - Danish, Snerli. - Italian, Vilucchio, Vi-tecchio. - Spanish, Convolvulo. - Portuguese, Oliserao. lllyric, Slek, Slak. - A...
-Periwinkle. Vinca
Welsh, Llys y cyrph, Erllysg eleiaf. - French, Pervenche. - German, Sinngrun, Wintergrun. - Italian, Pervinca, Fior di morto, Vitalba. - Spanish, Caracol marino. - Portuguese, Congossa. - Danish, Sing...
-Wormwood, Mug-Wort, Averoyne. Artemisia
Welsh,Chwerwlys (A.maritima), Cherwlys ar for, Sythflodenog (A. absinthium), C. llwyd. - Irish, Bofullan. - Gaelic, Liath lus. - French, Absynthe, Armoise, Herbe St. Jean, Garde-robe. - German, Wermut...
-Saxifrage. Saxifraga
Welsh, Tormaen, Tormaen tribys (S. tridactylites), C1or y bran (S.granulata). - Irish, Gloris. - French, Saxifrage. - German, Steinbrech. - Italian, Sassifraga. - Spanish, Saxifraga. - II-lyric, Dvida...
-Herb Robert, Crane's Bill. Geranium
Welsh, Pig y aran. - French, Geranium, Bee de grue. - German, Storchschnadel. - Italian, Geranio. - Spanish, Geranio. - Illyric, Babino xilice (G. molle), Igliza, Igla, Pastirska (G. Robertianum), Ilj...
-Sedge, Or Seg. Carex
Welsh, Hesgen. - German, Riethgras. - Italian, Carice. - Spanish, Lirio Espadanal. - lllyric, Rogosc. Linnaean Triandria. Monogynia. Natural Cyperaceae. Carex. The sea-seg (Carex arenar...
-Pimpernel. Anagallis
Welsh, Gwrryw, Gwlydd Mair. - Irish, Ruinn ruish. - French, Pimprenelle. - German, Pimpernelle. - Italian, Pimpinella. - Spanish, Pimpinela. - lllyric, Kriviciza, Krikka, Zele-nikka, Krupnik, etc. ...
-Spurge, Tythymal. Euphorbia
Welsh, Dalen dda, Flamgoed, Llaeth y cythraul. - French, Eu-phorbe, Epurge, Esule, Dithymal. - German, Milchpflanze, Purgirpflanze, Wolfsmilch. - Italian and Spanish, Euforbio. - Portuguese, Euphorbio...
-Gentian, Fel-Wort. Gentiana
French, Gentiane. - German, Enzian. - Italian, Genziana. - Spanish, Genciana. - Illyric, Vladislavka, Trava. Linnaean Pentandria. Digynia. Natural Gentianece. Gentian. Coleridge has use...
-Rib-Wort Or Plantain, Planten, Way-Brede, Wayfron, Wayborn, Or Way-Bret. Plantago
Welsh, (P. major) Llyriad or Erllyriad, Sawdl Christ, Henlly-dan y fordd, Llyriad mwyaf (P. maritima), Bara can y defaid, Llys y defaid, Sampier y ddafaid, Gwerog man y don. - Gaelic, Geuan phadruic, ...
-Poppy, Joan Silverpin. Papaver
Welsh, Drewg, Drewlys (P. rhceas), Cryn-ben-llyfn, Llygad y cythraul. - Anglo-Saxon, Papig. - French, Pavot, Coque-licot. - German, Mohn. - Italian, Papavero, Fico del inferno. - Spanish, Adormidera, ...
-The Iris, Flag. Iris
Welsh, Gladdon, Gladwyn, Camminiad, Llys hychgryg y glosia. - French, Fleur de lys, or de luce, Flambe aquatique. - German, Schwertel, Iris. - Italian, Iride. - Spanish, Iris. - Illyric, Perunika, Bog...
-The Iris, Flag. Iris. Part 2
It has been supposed that the original device from which the fleur de lys was borrowed was the head of a javelin, halberd, or lance, formed by a centrepiece, or point of iron strengthened by two cross...
-The Iris, Flag. Iris. Part 3
It is scarcely necessary to observe that devices were represented on shields ages before they were used heraldically; and this custom is sufficiently shewn to have been universal also among the ancien...
-Appendix. On Receiving Some Cuttings Of Rose-Trees From Yorkshire
By Miss Jane Williams. (See p. 219). In early spring, one Sabbath morn, Palm Sunday called by fame, Two bannered hosts, at early dawn, In rival glory came. Never till then on English gr...









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previous page: Fodder And Pasture Plants | by Geo. H. Clark, M. Oscar Malte
  
page up: Flora, Herb, Mushroom and Plant Books
  
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