This section of the book is from the "Household Companion: The Model CookBook" book
Clean rose-colored cashmere by washing in cold soapsuds. If you attempt to put dye in the water, the material will be spoiled. Rinse well in cold water, and dry in the shade.
To clean white serge, use a decoction of soapwort roots. The gown when washed will be white and soft to the touch. Soap hardens stuff goods, and makes them yellow.
Knitted or crocheted garments should be washed in the following manner: cut one pound of soap in thin slices, and melt in a little water until it has the consistency of jelly. When the preparation has cooled, beat it up with the hand, and add three spoonfuls of grated stag's horn. Wash the whole material in this mixture, and rinse well in cold water. If necessary, dip the articles a second time in salt water to fix the color. Place before the fire; stir frequently in order to let the dampness evaporate; be sure not to stretch the articles out to dry.
To clean a faded black cashmere, rub it width by width with a sponge soaked in a solution of alcohol and ammonia, equal parts, diluted with hot water.
Wash merinos and cashmeres in warm water into which Irish potatoes have been scraped. Rinse in good soft water. These materials should not be wrung out. They should be spread smoothly on a line where they may drip, and should be allowed to become partly dry before ironing.
Black merinos, cloaks, gentlemen's clothes, or woolen goods generally, may be cleaned with carbonate of ammonia, which must be poured into boiling water and allowed to become cold. Meanwhile, brush the stuff thoroughly with a hard brush, laying it upon a large newspaper, and brushing both sides, where possible.
Then take a large piece of black cloth or other material, dip it into the liquid, and wash the stuff well. If the fabric be cloth, care must be taken to wash it the right way, so as to keep it smooth. When washed, fold the material in half, and place it in a clean towel, laying one piece over the other in case the garment has been taken to pieces. Iron the wrong side, laying the stuff on a thickly folded blanket or sheet, with a thin sheet of paper, or other thin material, over the blanket or sheet. Iron each piece on the wrong side until quite dry. Then fold the pieces, but be careful not to fold so as to crease them, especially cloth. Gentlemen's clothes can be cleaned in this way without taking to pieces, or ironing, unless convenient. Vest and coat collars are easily renovated, and grease spots and white seams removed.