- Straw is bleached by simply exposing it in a closed chamber to the fumes of burning sulphur - an old flour barrel is the apparatus most used for the purpose by milliners, a flat stone being laid on the ground, the sulphur ignited thereon, and the barrel, containing the goods to be bleached, turned over it. The goods should be previously washed in pure water.
Black Japan varnish diluted with a little linseed oil.
Mix common bleaching powder in the proportion of one pound to a gallon of water; stir it occasionally for three days; let it settle, and pour it off clear Then make a lye of one pound of soda to one gallon of boiling soft water, in which soak the linen for twelve hours, and boil it half an hour. Next soak it in the bleaching liquor, made as above; and, lastly, wash it in the visual manner. Discolored linen or muslin may be restored by putting a portion of bleaching liquor into the 'tub wherein the articles are soaking.
Black - Immerse for two or three days in a bath, at first hot, of logwood eight parts, and copperas, or acetate of iron, one part. Blue - with the indigo vat. Brown - by using any of the brown dyes for silk or woolen. Crimson - a mordant of alum, followed by a hot bath of Brazilwood, afterward by a weak dye of cudbear. Pink or Rose - with safflower or lemon juice. Plum - with the red dye, followed by an alkaline bath. Red
-a mordant of alum, followed by a bath of Brazil-wood. Yellow - a mordant of alum, followed by a bath of turmeric or weld. Green Dye - take of verdigris and verditer, of each one ounce, gum water one pint; mix them well, and dip the feathers, they having been first soaked in hot water, into the said mixture. For Purple, use lake and indigo. For Carnation, Vermillion and smalt. Thin gum or starch water should be used in dyeing feathers.
The French employ velvet, fine cambric, and kid for the petals, and taffeta for the leaves. Very recently thin plates of bleached whalebone have been used for some portions of the artificial flowers. Colors and Stains: - Blue - Indigo, dissolved in oil of vitriol, and the acid partly neutralized with salt of tartar or whiting. Green - a solution of distilled verdigris. Lilac - liquid archil. Red - carmine dissolved in a solution of salt of tartar, or in spirits of hartshorn. Violet - liquid archil, mixed with a little salt of tartar. Yellow - tincture of turmeric. The colors are generally applied with the fingers.
- Best alcohol four ounces, pulverized black sealing-wax one ounce; put them into a phial, and put the phial into a warm place, stirring or shaking occasionally until the wax is dissolved. Apply it, when warm, before the fire or in the sun. This makes a beautiful gloss.
Brown - use tincture of logwood. Red - ground Brazilwood half a pound, water one and a half quarts, cochineal half an ounce; boil the Brazil-wood in the water one hour; strain and add the cochineal; boil fifteen minutes. Scarlet color - boil half an ounce saffron in half a pint of water, and pass over the work before applying the red. Blue - logwood seven ounces, blue vitriol one ounce, water twenty-two ounces; boil. Purple - logwood eleven ounces, alum six ounces, water twenty-nine ounces. Green - strong vinegar one and a half pints, best verdigris two ounces (ground fine), sap green one-quarter of an ounce; mix all together, and beil.