This, the true intermittent fever, comes on with an ague-fit, which has three stages - the cold, the hot, and the sweating. In the first stage, the patient yawns, stretches, feels weak, has no appetite, and does not wish to move. The face and extremities become pale, the skin shrinks, and is covered with goose-flesh; the patient shakes, and his teeth chatter. Then, after a time, these symptoms decline, and the patient's fever comes on very violently, and with various uncomfortable sensations. As the fever passes off, the sweating stage comes on, when the perspiration is generally profuse; the body returns to its natural temperature, the pains and aches vanish, and a feeling of health comes back, and generally a voracious appetite. There is not much, regularity in the time of coming on or going off of the ague-fits, though usually they are a little later each day in appearing. In this disease the spleen is very much oppressed with blood driven in from the surface, and often becomes so much enlarged as to be plainly felt by the hand. This is a malarious disease. The bowels may be opened with a gentle physic, such as salts and senna. In the cold stage, give hot and stimulating drinks, use foot-baths, hot bottles, etc., and try every expedient to promote warmth. In the hot stage, give cooling drinks, and administer quinine mixture, as the following: quinine, one scruple; alcohol, four ounces; sulphuric acid, five drops. Mix. Give a tea-spoonful every half hour during the fever, at the same time giving five-drop doses of veratrum veride every hour. When the sweating stage comes on, stop the veratrum, and rub the patient with dry towels. In the intermission give quinine. In mild cases, other tonics than quinine often effect a cure. The nursing of the patient, and bathing, sweating and rubbing are the most important part of the treatment, in this, as in most other diseases. In ague districts, the hot sun and evening air are to be avoided.
Or take two ounces of gum camphor and inclose it in a flannel bag about four or five inches square. Suspend the bag over the pit of the stomach by the means of a cord around the neck, and a speedy cure will be effected. When the camphor is dissolved the ague is gone. German physicians, as appears from medical journals, have found a tincture of the leaves of the Eucalyptus globulus, or Australian gum-tree, to be a remedy for intermittent fever, Dr. Lorimer gave it to fifty-three patients, of whom forty-three were completely cured. The ordinary sunflower, if planted around a house, will free the atmosphere from the animal and vegetable germs supposed to contain the miasma productive of fever and ague.