If ladies will use any thing, the following are the best and most harmless: Blanch one-fourth pound best Jordan almonds, slip off the skin, mash in a mortar, and rub together with the best white soap for fifteen minutes, adding gradually one quart of rose-water; or clean, fresh rain-water may be used. When the mixture looks like milk, strain through fine muslin. Apply after washing with a soft rag. To whiten the skin and remove freckles and tan, bathe three times a day in a preparation of three quarts of alcohol, two ounces cologne, and one of borax, in proportion of two tea-spoons mixture to two table-spoons soft water.
- A preparation which rids the system of the cause of sallow-ness, and which is of value in the spring, is made as follows: Half an ounce each of spruce, hemlock and sarsaparilla bark, dandelion, burdock and yellow dock, in one gallon of water; boil half an hour, strain while hot, and add ten drops of oil of spruce and sassafras; mix. When cold, add half a pound brown sugar and half a cup yeast. Let stand twelve hours in a jar covered tight, and bottle. Use freely as an iced drink. It is equal to the root beer which New Yorkers drink so generally during warm months.
A felt or silk hat, held so as to keep the crown full of air, will sustain a person above water for a great length of time.
- If in a public hall in a panic, keep your seat; even in case of fire the chance of life is greater if free from the crowd.
Stings of Insects - Are relieved by the application of ammonia, or common table salt, well rubbed in, or a slice of an onion, to the part.
- In all runaways it is safer to remain in the vehicle, and to stop with it, than to jump while the horse is running. The vehicle helps to break the shock of the final stop.
- Wounds by which poison has been carried into the system, require instant treatment. The wound must be burned out by a stick of lunar caustic, or by inserting a large, red-hot nail.
Burns from Acids, such as oil of vitriol and aqua fortis, may be checked by the free application of water or handfuls of moist earth. The first dilutes the acid, and the second contains alkali enough to neutralize the acid.
- A piece of food lodged in the throat may sometimes be pushed down with the finger, or removed with a hair-pin quickly straightened and hooked at the end, or by two or three vigorous blows on the back between the shoulders.
- Send at once for a physician, and simply make the patient as comfortable as possible. If he is to be conveyed to some distance, the fractured part should be supported in its natural position by handkerchiefs loosely tied. Allow no more handling than is absolutely necessary.
Chilblains - Are the result of a chilling of the part. To cure, keep (582) away from the fire, and at night, before going to bed, wash in cold water, or rub in snow, and apply the compound resin ointment, made by all druggists, with a little oil of turpentine added to it.