- For washing woolens, silks, or fine prints liable to fade: One pint beef's gall, two pounds common bar soap cut fine, one quart boiling soft water; boil slowly, stirring occasionally until well mixed; pour into a flat vessel, and when cold cut into pieces to dry; or, a more simple way of using gall, is to get a pint bottle filled with fresh beef's gall at the butchers, cork tightly, add to the water when washing any material that is liable to fade; using more if articles are very liable to fade, and less if the liability is not great. When the bottle is empty or grows stale, get fresh.

Fruit-Stains - Colored cottons or woolens stained with wine or fruit should be wet in alcohol and ammonia, then sponged off gently (not rubbed) with alcohol; after that if the material will warrant it, washed in tepid soapsuds. Where white are used the stains may be easily removed by using boiling water before the stains are soaped or wetted; pour it on until they mostly disappear, and then let goods stand in it covered till cold. Peaches, some kinds of pears, and sweet apples make the worst stains; and if boiling water is not sufficient, a little javelle water may be used and, if skillfully managed, will not need to be used often. Silks may be wet with this preparation when injured by these stains.