Equal quantities of yellow oak and hickory bark; make a strong yellow bath by boiling; shade to the desired tint, by adding a small quantity of extract of indigo.
For ten pounds of goods, use sugar of lead half a pound; boil fifteen minutes; when a little cool, enter the goods, and dip for two hours; wring them out, make a fresh dye with bichromate of potash one pound, madder quarter of a pound; immerse until of the desired color. The shade may be varied by dipping in lime-water.
For ten pounds of goods, use copperas half a pound; boil, and dip twenty minutes; then dip in soap-suds, and return to the dye three or four times; then make a new bath with prussiate of potash two ounces, oil of vitriol one-third of a pint; boil half an hour; rinse out and dry.
1. Blue. - Dilute Saxon blue, or sulphate of indigo, With water. If required for delicate work, neutralize with chalk. 2. Purple. - Add a little alum to a strained decoction of logwood. 3. Green. - Dissolve sap green in water, and add a little alum. 4. Yellow. - Dissolve annatto in a weak lye of subcarbonate of soda, or potash. 5. Golden color. - Steep French berries in hot water, strain, and add a little gum and alum. 6. .Red. - Dissolve carmine in ammonia, or in weak carbonate of potash water; or infuse powdered cochineal in water, strain, and add a little gum in water. The preceding colors, thickened with a little gum, may be used as inks in writing, or as colors to tint maps, foils, artificial flowers, etc., or to paint on velvet.
Make a hot bath composed of water four parts, urine one part; enter the wool, opening it out to admit the full action of the liquid; after twenty minutes' immersion, remove from the liquid, and allow it to drain; then rinse it in clean running water, and spread out to dry. The liquid is good for subsequent operations; only keep up the propertions, and use no soap.
Take alum four pounds, tartaric acid one pound, chloride of tin one pound. Dissolve and boil; allow the hats to remain in the boiling solution two hours; then add as much of a decoction of logwood and carmine of indigo as is requisite to induce the desired shade; and lastly, rinse finally in water in which some alum has been dissolved.
- For five hats - select the whitest hats, and soften them in a bath of crystallized soda, to which some clean lime water has been added, (See "Lime water.") Boil for two hours, in a large vessel, using for bath a decoction of the following, viz.: alum one pound, tartaric acid one-tenth of a pound, some ammoniacal cochineal, and carmine of indigo; a little sulphuric acid may be necessary in order to neutralize the alkali of the cochineal dye. If the last-mentioned ingredients are used, let the hats remain for an hour longer in the boiling bath, then rinse in slightly acidulated water.
- Put stone lime one pound, and strong lime-water one and a half pounds, into a pail of water; rummage well for seven or eight minutes; then let it rest until the lime is precipitated and the water clear; add this quantity to a tubful of clear water.