Paint can be taken off where not wanted, with turpentine. Apply with a sponge, after a little time it will rub off; if cloth, rub between the hands and it will crumble off. White spots can be taken off varnished furniture by rubbing with a rag wet with spirits of camphor.
It should be remembered that ammonia, especially the. stronger kinds, is dangerous, a few drops being enough to injure a person. When used for cleansing purposes is should be handled with great care, that the gas which is given off freely in a warm room, be not breathed in large quan-tites, and do injury to the delicate lining of the nose and mouth. Benzine is a liquid, in the handling of which much caution should be exercised. It is very volatile, and its vapor, as well as the liquid itself, inflammable. When employed for removing grease, or other stains, from clothing, gloves, etc., it should never be used at night, nor at any other time near the fire. Alcohol must also be used with great care, especially at night.
When the kitchen is cleaned, all the bake-pans, sauce-pans, tin-kettles, etc., should be plunged into a boiler filled with strong soda water; or, add to clear hot water some of the following fluid, which you have already prepared, as follows: One pound of sal-soda, one-half pound stone lime, five quarts soft water; boil a short time in copper or brass kettle, stirring occasionally; let settle, then pour off the clear fluid into a stone jug, and cork for use. After this, they are really purified, even if they are not scoured with sand, sapolio, or whatever burnishing material happens to be a favorite with the housewife. This process of cleaning the pots and pans is often performed by the tidy housewife, but it is especially appropriate at the time when the whole house is being purified of its half year's accumulation of soiling. A kitchen should hare a painted wall that can be washed with a scrub-brush and water, or it should be whitewashed with lime. To clean the kitchen, kettle-closets and pantry, is usually the greatest dread of the spring campaign, but it need not be if the formalities of boiling the tins is going on while the walls and shelves are being scrubbed. Papers should be cut and fitted to the clean shelves. Try to have wire screens at all outside doors and all windows, and the one leading from the kitchen to the dining room, also the lower half of all windows. Keep plenty of husk mats and foot-scrapers at the doors, and learn to stop and use them. Have a place for every thing and always put it there; it will save work. Do not work so hard as to make youself sick; better be a little dirty than have a spell of sickness. A kitchen and pantry need cleaning several times in a year, being used the most and should be kept the cleanest.
Sinks, drains, and all places that become sour or impure, should be cleansed with carbolic acid and water. This, or some other good disinfectant, should be kept in every house, and used frequently in warm weather. Another good disinfectant is copperas; ten cents' worth, dissolved in water, will deodorize your sink and other bad smelling places about the buildings. Probably there is nothing better for the purpose than copperas; it possesses no bad odor. Do not place carbolic powder boxes, nor sprinkle chloride of lime, etc., where your drain openings exist, merely to distract your nose's attention from the sewer gas, which is issuing from some leaking pipe or choked trap; by so doing you but ignore nature's warning, that like the premonitory smoke and rumblings of a volcano, advises you of the eruption of the disease to come. While house-cleaning, brighten up old furniture by rubbing well with kerosene oil; should it be marred or bruised, use the "Magic Furniture Polish " page 446. Take bedsteads to pieces, and saturate every crevice with strong brine; nothing is better to purify and cleanse, or to destroy bed-bugs. To clean mirrors, take clean warm rain-water, and put in just enough spirits of ammonia to make it feel slippery. If very dirty, rinse, if not, wipe dry and you will be surprised at the effect. Do not polish stoves until fall if you are going to put them away during the summer, but to keep them or any iron utensils from rustiug, rub over with kerosene. When polishing, six or eight drops of turpentine added to blacking for one stove, brightens it and makes it easier to polish. To remove mortar and paint from windows, rub spots of mortar with hot, sharp vinegar; or, if nearly fresh, cold vinegar will loosen them. Rub the paint spots with camphene and sand. To remove spots from gray marble hearths rub with linseed oil.
Fall house-cleaning deserves no less attention, except that white-washing and painting can best be done in the mild days of spring, when the house may be thrown open to wind and sunshine. The best time is in the constant weather of October; and before beginning, all the dirty and heavy work for the winter, such as getting in coal and wood, should be completed, and the cellar made clean and sweet.