Clean the article well; soak it in cold water for half an hour; put it on a board, and rub the thread-bare parts with a half-worn hatter's card filled with flocks, or with a teazle, or a prickly thistte until a nap is raised; then lay the nap the right way with a hatter's brush, and hang up to dry.
- Boil thirteen pounds of goods two hours with seven pounds of camwood, one-tenth pound logwood, and one fourth pound of copperas to darken.
- For thirteen pounds goods, boil two pounds fustic and four pounds camwood an hour, and if too light color, add one-tenth pound each copperas and alum to darken.
Boil ten pounds wool with one-tenth pound chrome and one-fifth pound alum; takeout, put in a vessel of clean water three pounds fustic and One and a half pounds logwood, and boil another hour.
For twenty-five pounds of goods, boil goods in a solution of five-eights pounds each bichromate potash and blue vitriol, and one-half pound argol, one hour; take out, re-fill kettle with clean water, and add three pounds dissolved extract of logwood; put in goods, and simmer one hour and a half; take out, rinse, scour with soap, and dry. This makes a blue-black. To make a jet-black, add three pounds fustic with the logwood.
Put ten pounds cotton, two and a half pounds copperas, in fifteen to twenty gallons water, and boil two hours; after boiling, take out, rinse in clear water, re-fill kettle with water, and add one-half pound prussiate of potash. Boil goods in this half an hour, lift out goods, and slowly add one half pound oil of vitriol; return goods, and boil half an hour. Rinse in clear water, and dry.
Add eight pounds fustic and one-half pound alum to the blue mixture of the preceding rule, put in goods, and simmer until the required shade of green is obtained.
For fifteen pounds cotton goods or yarns, dissolve eight ounces of white sugar of lead in one tub, and eight ounces of chrome in another. Put goods first in with sugar of lead, wring out goods well, and shake back into the liquid again, repeating the operation five times (in order to make the goods absorb as much color as possible); then put them through the chrome tub in the same way; then return again to the sugar of lead tub; treat as before; rinse off well, and dry. To make a dark shade, use brown sugar of lead, repeating three times in the sugar of lead and twice in the chrome.
To a tub of cold water add, for twenty pounds goods, five pounds sumac; wring and shake out goods, and return to liquid a few times; let stand all night in sumac; then to another tub of water add a few pails of lime-water; put in goods, wring out, and put into another tub of cold water in which is two pounds of dissolved copperas and a pailful of old sumac liquor; wring out six times; wring out, and put into the lime-tub again, adding two more pails of lime-water. Prepare another tub of water, and adding to it six pounds of logwood and one pound of fustic previously scalded; put in the cotton, and wring out and return ten times; lift out, darken liquid with a little copperas, and return the goods. The omission of the sumac gives a purplish black, while the recipe as above gives a jet black.