For ten pounds of goods, use argal ten ounces, muriate of tin two gills; boil, and dip one hour; then add to the dye, fustic five pounds, madder one pint, and dip again forty minutes. If preferred, cochineal four ounces may be used instead of the madder, as a better color is induced by it.
Ten pounds of goods, blue vitriol one pound 1 boil a short time, then enter the goods, dip three hours, and transfer to a bath of strong lime water. A fine brown color will be imparted to the goods if they are then put through a solution of prussiate of potash.
A Brown Dye ox Wool may be induced by a decoction of white oak bark, with variety of shade according to the quantity employed. If the goods be first passed through a solution of alum the color will be brightened.
Catecheu, or terra japonica, gives cotton a brown color, blue vitriol turns it on the bronze, green copperas darkens it, when applied as a mordant and the stuff boiled in the bath boiling hot. Acetate of alumina, as a mordant, brightens it. The French color named "Carmelite" is given with catechu one pound, verdigris four ounces, and sal ammoniac five ounces.
Infusion or decoction of walnut-peels dyes wool and silk brown color, which is brightened by alum. Horse chestnut peels also impart a brown color; a mordant of muriate of tin turns it on the bronze; and sugar of lead the reddish-brown.
- Sulphate or muriate of manganese, dissolved in water with a little tartaric acid, imparts this beautiful bronze tint. The stuff after being put through the solution must be turned through a weak lye of potash, and afterward through another of chloride of lime, to brighten and fix it. Prussiate of copper gives a bronze or yellowish-broivn color to silk. The piece well-mordanted with blue vitriol may be passed through a solution of prussiate of potash.
- Dry, pulverize, and sift the following ingredients: Fuller's earth six pounds, French chalk four ounces, pipeclay one pound; make into a paste with rectified oil of turpentine one ounce, alcohol two ounces, melted oil soap one and a half pounds. Make up the mixture into cakes of any desired size, keeping them in water or small wooden boxes. A less quantity can be made by using same proportions.
For ten pounds of goods, use fustic two and a half pounds, blue vitriol two and a half ounces, soft soap one pint, and logwood chips four ounces. Soak the logwood over night in a brass vessel; put it on the fire in the morning, adding the other ingredients. When quite hot it is ready for dyeing; enter the goods at once, and handle well. Different shades may be obtained by letting part of the goods remain longer in the dye.
For ten pounds of goods, use redwood one pound, muriate of tin half a pound; boil the redwood one hour, turn off into a large vessel, add the muriate of tin, and put in the goods; let it stand a few minutes (five or ten), and a nice pink will be produced. It is quite a fast color.