This good old remedy for colds, etc., as given, was always attended with the risk of taking more cold. This is easily overcome by the very simple adjunct of a pail of cold water in which to plunge the feet, and give bath in this way for a cold: At night have a foot-tub of hot water - 110°, or hotter if patient will bear it; and he can be dressed or undressed, but must, in either case, be well wrapped with a blanket, a cold wet cloth on head, and as water cools add hot. In ten or fifteen minutes take out feet and plunge for a moment in pail of cold water, then wipe dry and rub to a glow, retire at once, and in the morning all traces of the cold, such as head stopped up, sore throat, etc., will have disappeared. For a little child, where he can not take the plunge, wet a towel in cold water, and take his feet on your lap and rub with the wet towel, and then wipe dry. The plunge or cooling of the water ought to follow all foot-baths, whether for colds, a tired feeling, headache, cleanliness, etc. Where one has had a hard day's work nothing is more restful than a foot-bath as hot as can be borne. The usual foot-bath is 104°, and hot water added to keep it at this point for ten or fifteen minutes; hut where it is given with sitz, no more hot water is added. For chronic cold feet have water as hot as can be borne one minute, then plunge feet in cold, then in the hot a minute, and repeat this from six to a dozen times, ending with the cold plunge, and then rub vigorously. For a child, need not make so many changes. Take this three times a week. For a sprain, this treatment is one of the best; or a spray of hot a minute, and then a cold spray, then hot, and so on for half a dozen times.
What is called by some a deep leg-bath is only an "extension foot-bath," and is of prime importance in congestion of the brain, catarrh, and, in fact, any head trouble, as it is purely a derivative bath. It is given best in a tub twenty-eight inches high, top diameter twenty inches, and bottom seventeen inches.- Have patient stand in this with water to his hips, of the temperature of 108° or 110°, for ten minutes, cold wet cloth on his head, and a sheet wrapped around him; step out and spray the legs, or even the whole body, with water of the temperature of 85°, and gradually reduced to as cool as can be borne; or a bucket of water 85° can be thrown over legs, and then one at 75°. Where there is severe congestion of the brain, have two pails of water, same temperature as tub, placed on each side, high enough to come up even with top of tub, and have patient immerse his arms in these. The deep leg-bath can not be taken till two hours after eating, but the ordinary foot-bath in an hour or an hour and a half. A foot-bath may be given in bed by placing a rubber cloth under the foot-tub, and it gives great relief ofttimes.