Author of " Every Way of Earning a Living" "Our Sons and Daughters," etc.

During their course in a training college students receive instruction in the theory and practice of teaching, and also instruction of a general character in preparation for their final examination at the end of their course. Success in this final examination entitles the students to recognition as certificated teachers, subject to their satisfying the requirements of the elementary school teachers' superannuation rules, particulars of which may be had on application to the Board. Under certain conditions, students may follow special courses of training with a view to obtaining recognition as certificated teachers in schools for blind, deaf, or mentally defective children.

The final examination for students in training colleges is, as a rule, conducted by the Board of Education. In certain cases, however, alternative examinations are accepted in place of parts of the Board's final examination. Students of special merit may be allowed to follow university courses and to take examinations forming a recognised stage in a university degree course. Such students, however, must be certified as physically fit to endure the strain of these studies, and they must further have given evidence of special merit beyond that required of ordinary candidates for admission to a training college. No student is allowed to follow a degree course who has not passed either the preliminary examination for the elementary school teachers' certificate with distinction in seven subjects, or some other examination accepted by the Board for this purpose. No student is allowed to follow a degree course unless she is qualified, before entering the training college, to enter upon the full degree course without further examination.

Uncertificated Teachers

Pupil-teachers and other persons who have passed the preliminary examination for the elementary school teachers' certificate, or an alternative examination, may not in all cases be able at present, owing to the limited supply of colleges, to secure the advantages of a course of training in a training college, and in some cases, even if such a course of training could be obtained, it may be neces sary, for personal reasons, that the candidate should at once begin to serve as a teacher and to earn a salary. To meet such cases as these, persons who have passed the preliminary examination for the elementary school teachers' certificate, or one of the

Woman's Work examinations specified, may be recognised at once (provided that they are not less than eighteen years of age) as uncertificated teachers.

Persons over eighteen years of age who desire to be recognised as uncertificated teachers, by virtue of their success in an examination other than the preliminary examination for the elementary school teachers' certificate, should forward to the Board of Education, either directly or through the local education authority, the certificate of their success in the examination, and should state the exact date of their birth. It will also be necessary, before such candidates can be recognised as uncertificated teachers, that they should produce a satisfactory medical certificate in the form approved by the Board.

Uncertificated teachers are eligible for appointment to permanent posts as assistant teachers on the staff of a public elementary school, but are not, except under special circumstances, eligible for the post of head teacher.

Uncertificated teachers may become qualified for recognition as certificated teachers by passing the certificate examination held by the Board of Education.

Certificated Teachers

In order to be recognised as a certificated teacher, a candidate must have passed the final examination for students in training colleges or the certificate examination of the Board of Education, or must possess one of the other qualifications named.

Persons who desire to be recognised as certificated teachers by virtue of their success in any examination other than the certificate examination of the Board of Education, or one of the examinations for students in training colleges, should apply to the Board either directly or through the local education authority for the area in which they desire to teach, and should forward the certificate or certificates on which they base their claim for recognition.

Before any person can be recognised as a certificated teacher, it will be necessary that she should satisfy the Board of Education in the manner prescribed by the elementary school teachers' superannuation rules as to her age and physical capacity. Information as to the requirements of these rules will be sent on application to the Board. A teacher who is qualified for recognition as a certificated teacher, with the exception that she has failed to satisfy the Board as to her physical capacity, may, if the Board think fit, be given the status and position of a certificated teacher for the purposes of the code, but not for the purposes of the Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act, 1898.

A certificated teacher will receive a certificate from the Board, on making application for that purpose, at any time after her recognition. This certificate may be endorsed by the Board when the teacher has, within twenty-four consecutive months, completed one year's service as a student-teacher, an uncertificated teacher, or a certificated teacher ill England or Wales in a public elementary school, or a certified efficient school or a certified school for blind, deaf, defective, or epileptic children, or a poor law school, or a certified industrial or day industrial school, or a certified reformatory.

Certificated teachers who have not been trained in a training college may be admitted to such a college for a one-year course of training as "certificated students." Their time at the college will be devoted mainly to improving their general education and to such professional training as will best supplement their previous experience. They will enter for a final examination in the last term of their course. If they complete their course of training satisfactorily, a statement of the fact will be endorsed on their certificates.