To purl, keep the cotton in front of the work.

* Place the right-hand pin in a stitch from right to left under the front loop, the- right-hand pin resting on the left. Put the cotton over the needle in the usual way. and draw the wool through the loop in a backward direction - viz., pull the right-hand pin slightly back, so as to get the loop on to it, and pull the loop off from the left pin.

A slip loop

A slip loop

Casting on with two pins

Casting on with two pins

Casting on with one pin

Casting on with one pin

Plain kitting on both sides

Plain kitting on both sides

Purling on both sides

Purling on both sides

Continue from *. Rows of purling stitches and the wrong side of plain knitting have the same appearance.

Knitting With - Four Needles Or - On The Round

Four (occasionally five) pins are required for this. Cast on a third or fourth of the number of stitches needed (for the stocking, or glove, or whatever article is to be made) on the three or four pins, and with the fourth or fifth pin, join round by knitting into the first cast-on stitch (see illustration).

To Decrease

Either knit two stitches together or cast off a stitch - viz., slip a stitch on to the right-hand needle, then knit the next stitch, and draw the slipped one over it. Do this with the point of the left needle. In purling, decrease by purling two stitches together.

To Increase Plain Knitting

Method I. - Put the right needle through a stitch of the previous row (the one that lies cross-wise between the two stitches), and pull a loop through it.

Knitting with four needles in the round

Knitting with four needles in the round

Method 2. - Knit a stitch, and before slipping it off the left needle, put the right needle into the same stitch, and take up the back loop, and again knit through it, and thus make a second stitch.

Method 3. - Put the cotton round the needle to the front, then put the needle into the stitch to be knitted, place the wool over the needle, and knit in the usual way.

In purling, the wool is to the front; therefore place it right round the needle, and to the front again, and purl in the usual way.

This method of increasing (as seen after the next row is worked) makes a hole, and produces a pretty open pattern, often used in fancy knitting, or in the case of a row of holes being required for a draw-string.

To Cast Off

Knit two stitches, and pass the first stitch over the second, knit a third stitch, and draw the second over it, and repeat doing this until all the stitches are worked off.

Casting off stitches

Casting off stitches