It was not until the reign of Elizabeth that scent was used to any extent in England. In the reign of Charles II. scents were promoted to quite a position of honour, as they were supposed to be helpful in keeping away the plague, and some of the best-known medical men of Paris claim that scent is an effective disinfectant. We of the twentieth century, therefore, are only imitating our ancestors in making pillows of hops and roses which are supposed to woo the goddess Sleep. Cushions scented with pine oil are a well-known comfort in affections of the throat and lungs.
Lavender, perhaps, is the "national" scent of England. It should be gathered when the buds are half opening during the month of August, or thereabouts, the branches hung till dry, then stripped of the flowers, which should be crushed and sewn into muslin bags.
Several unavailing attempts have been made in England to grow flowers for the manufacture of perfumes; but lavender and peppermint are the only suitable flora which can be grown successfully in England, and the latter is of more use to the confectioner than to the perfumer, although it is used largely for tooth powders and washes. The English climate will not permit the general growing of flowers useful to the perfumer, but it provides ideal conditions for the cultivation of lavender. American lavender also is good, but that of France and the Eastern countries is strong, coarse, and in every way inferior.
Attar of roses is the most precious of all scents. It has been designated " liquid gold," and comes in great quantities from Bulgaria. One ounce of this perfume contains the essence of one and one-third hundredweight of roses. Two and a-half tons are produced every year in Bulgaria, which consume the souls of eight thousand tons of roses.
The " retaining" quality of scents is an important consideration in their manufacture. Cheap productions perish with the using, but it is surprising that the most delicate scents are uninjured-in fact, improved-by contact with the cold, but are soon impaired with heat.
The following are good firms for supplying materials, etc., mentioned in this Section: Messrs. T. J. Clark (Glycola); De Miracle Chemical Co. (Hair Destroyer); Edwards Harlene Co., (Hair Tonic); Mrs. Pomeroy, Ltd. (Beauty Specialist); Wright, Layman & Umney, Ltd. (Coal Tar Soap).