Continued front page 964, Part 8
Gwendaline - " White waves."
Gwendolen (Celtic) - "White bow" or "new moon." This very pretty name, which is of Celtic origin, has an extremely large number of derivatives and variants, all those commencing with " Gwen" being purely Welsh, those with- "Win" or "Wen" the Anglicised form, the "G" being dropped. "Gwen" by itself means "white " but was also sometimes used to denote a "woman," the suffix "Gwen" describing the feminine form of any name, such as " Cain Gwen," which was shortened later into "Cainwen," the feminine of Cain in much the same way as "ine" or "a" make feminine forms - Ernestine, Josephine, Roberta. The former termination has very probably come from "Gwen." The following are some of the Welsh variants - Gwenddya, Gwendaline, Gwenddolen, Gwendolina, Gwyneth, Gwenhwyfer.
Gwenllian - " White lily."
Gwynedd - "Bliss." Other English variants are Guenever, Guinevere Ganivra Ginevre, Genevra; while Genovefa is used in Brabant, and Genevieve in Paris. Janovefa is Breton, and has much the same form as the Brabant Genovefa. Cornwall claims Jennifer. Two other names may be mentioned here - "Winfred" and "Winfrith," as they so much resemble "Winifred," but have a distinct origin (Teutonic) and a different meaningaltogether =" friend of peace."
Gwyneth - "White stream," sometimes spelled " Gwynneth."
Gwynne - " White maid."
Haidee (Teutonic) - " Happy."
Hannah (Hebrew) - " Grace."
Hannehen - German form of above.
Hanne - Diminutive of above.
Harmonia (Greek) - " Harmony " " concord." Harmonia was the daughter of Mars and Venus and wife of Cadmus, ruler of Thebes. On her wedding-day she received from Europa the gift of a necklace, which afterwards proved fatal to everyone who possessed it. Harmonia bravely shared her husband's downfall and exile, and both were ultimately changed into serpents, and removed by Zeus to Elysium. After many successive owners the fatal necklace came into the hands of Acarnan, who dedicated it to the temple of Athena Proncea at Delphi, and thus ended its malefic career.
Harpalyce (Greek) - " She who overpowers wolves." This Thracian princess, orphaned at an early age, was brought up in the forests where she dwelt as a robber and a huntress, and was said to be so swift-footed that no horse could overtake her.
Harriet (Teutonic) - " Home-ruler," or " lady of the house." This popular name is derived from Heimdal, the old sword-god in Teutonic mythology, who acted as watchman at one end of the Rainbow - the magic bridge which led to Asgard, the heaven of the old Valkyries. Heimdal was such a faithful watcher that nothing escaped his sight or hearing, either by day or night. His name comes from Heim = " home," and "dallr " = "powerful," so that its literal meaning is of one who is lord or ruler of the home. In Scandinavian this warrior was known as " Riger," whence comes Eric and Erich. It is characteristic of Germany that she still clings to the names of the old Teutonic heroes, whose love of war, of freedom, and of home were such salient points in their characters, just as the Greeks worshipped beauty and poetry. It is impossible now to ascertain in what forgotten age " Heime-rich ': became transformed into Heinrich (the root form of our present Henry and Harry), but as far back as 876 Heinrich der Vogler (Henry the Fowler) became famous for his noble deeds and his glorious life. From that time onwards the popularity of the name steadily increased, but the English feminine forms did not become common till the sixteenth century, when Charles I.'s queen, Henrietta Maria, brought it into fashion. Harriet is the form most used in England.
Harriette - French variation of the English form.
Harriot - Another form of Harriet.
Hatty - Diminutive of above.
Harty (Latin) - " A star." English derivative of Esther.
Harvoise (German) - " Lady of Defence," or " war refuge."
Havoisia - Alternative form of above. Other spellings are Hawoisa and Hawoyse.
Heather (Celtic) - " Solitude."
Hebe (Greek) - " Youthful beauty."
Heeaerge (Greek) - " One who hits at a distance," or "the far-shooting one." Daughter of Boreas, the north wind.
Hecate (Greek) - " An enchantress."
Hecuba (Greek) - " Sorrowful." Wife of Priam, King of Troy, and mother of Hector, Paris, and Cassandra. Upon the fall of Troy she was captured by Ulysses, and led away as a slave by the Greeks. On beholding the dead bodies of her children she was filled with grief and wrath, and being changed into a dog, for long wandered howling through the land in that form. Thus the howling of the dog became an omen of sorrow.
Helen (Greek) - " A torch," or " brightly-shining one." The name is interesting since it comes from the Greek root " bright " or " light " (thing), and forms the basis of both the luminaries' names - Selene, the moon; and Helios, the sun. Helen was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, and wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta. She was possessed of such marvellous beauty that she bewildered and dazzled not only the eyes, but also the honour of her countless admirers. So that when the Trojan prince, Paris, came as a guest to her husband's court he fell in love with the peerless Helen, and carried her back to Troy with him. Whether Helen resisted or whether she acquiesced is not known. But the result of the action was particularly disastrous. Her former suitors, as well as her husband, vowed vengeance, and sailed against Troy, which suffered a ten years' siege ere it was burned to the ground, and Helen returned to Sparta with Menelaus.
Helena is both the Spanish form and English variant.
Helena and Helene - French variants of Helen.
Helene - German form of above. For other derivatives, such as Elaine, Eleanor, Ellen, Elena and Eileen refer to letter E.
Helice (Greek) - " Winding." This maiden was beloved by Zeus, but Hera, out of jealousy, changed her into a she-bear, whereupon Zeus placed her among the stars as the constellation of the Great Bear.
Helle (Greek) - " Shy," or " timid as a fawn."
Heloise (French form of Teutonic Alois) " Famous war." Helsas (Hebrew) - " God hath sworn." A
Scandinavian contraction of Elizabeth.
Helvia (Greek) - " Wisdom." The mother of . the philosopher Seneca.
Hemeresia (Greek) - " Soothing "or " restful." Henrietta (Teutonic) - " Home ruler." The English feminine form of Henry. For derivation refer to Harriet. Henriette - French form of above. Hephzibah (Hebrew) - " My delight is in her." Hera (Greek) - " Mistress," or " gentle ruler." This goddess, who presided over marriage and the birth of children, was represented as a perfect type of womanhood and motherhood, with a majestic figure, beautiful forehead, and large splendid eyes, having an expression benign, yet commanding reverence and admiration. Hermia (Greek) - " Maiden of high degree." To be continued.