Author of " Every Way of Earning a Living, " Our Sons and Daughters," etc.

Chief Openings Available for Women in Government Offices - Where to Apply - The G.p.o. and its Appointments - Typists - Sorters - Learners - Qualifying Examinations - Pay and Promotion

Of recent years there has been a steady growth in the number of women and girls employed in Government offices. The following are the principal departments:

Women clerkships in the G.p.o., in London. Female typists ,, ,,

Female sorterships ,, ,,

Female learnerships, in London, in the Department of the Postmaster-general. Female inspectorships of factories (Home

Office). I propose to deal fully with these appointments, and to give such information as will assist my readers in deciding which particular branch of the Civil Service is suitable for their particular case. Circumstances of health, education, and parentage all assist in bringing one to a decision as to the particular branch to enter. From the information given here readers will be able to make up their minds on this point; and that done, the only thing that remains is to write direct to the Secretary, Civil Service Commissioners, London, S.w., for forms for admission to attend the examination.

Female Typist, G.p.o., London

The limits of age for this situation are eighteen and thirty, and candidates are required to satisfy the Civil Service Commissioners that they are unmarried or widows, that they are duly qualified in respect of health and character, and that they are natural-born or naturalised British subjects. Candidates must be at least five feet in height.

Persons who have entered upon or completed a course of education or training for the occupation of teacher, on account of which grants are payable from the Exchequer, will not be qualified to receive appointments until the consent of the Board of Education in England, the Committee of Council on Education for Scotland, or the Commissioners of National Education, Ireland, as the case may be, given in conformity with rules sanctioned by the Lords of the Treasury, has been notified to the Civil Service Commissioners.

No candidate will be admitted to examination who does not, at such time as may be fixed by the Civil Service Commissioners, produce an undertaking signed by her parent or guardian, that she will, if successful, reside either with her parents or guardians, or with relations or friends approved by such parents or guardians.

The examination is in writing, spelling, English composition, copying manuscript, arithmetic (first four rules, simple and compound, including English weights and measures, and reduction), and typewriting.

The Civil Service Commissioners may, at their discretion, restrict the examination in

Woman's Work typewriting to such a number of candidates at the head of the list resulting from the marks awarded for the work in other subjects as they may think fit. The marks awarded for typewriting to the candidates examined in that subject will be added to the marks awarded to those same candidates for their work in the five other subjects. The examination in typewriting, as well as the examination in the other subjects, will be held at such times and places as the Civil Service Commissioners may appoint.

Application for permission to attend an examination must be made at such times and in such manner as may be fixed by the Civil Service Commissioners.

A fee of is will be required from every candidate attending the examination.

Female Sorterships in the G.p.o., London

The duties of female sorters consist principally in sorting and arranging official papers. Candidates are given clearly to understand that their services will be available for any work that may be assigned to them in any part of the department in London. The hours of attendance are forty-eight a week. The wages commence at 14s. per week, and increase by is. per week annually to 16s., and thence by 2s. per week annually to a maximum of 30s. But no officer will be allowed to proceed beyond 22s. a week unless she obtains a certificate of excellence of conduct, and of ability to perform the highest duties of her class. The appointments will be subject to one year's probation. Officers who may be appointed to the establishment of the Post Office must understand that while every care will be taken to prevent hardship, their seniority on their class may possibly be affected by the transfer to the Post office on January I, 1912, of the staff of the National Telephone Company.

The limits of age for this situation are fifteen and eighteen. If an examination begins in one of the first six months of any year, candidates must be of the prescribed age on the first day of April in that year. If an examination begins in one of the last six months of any year, candidates must be of the prescribed age on the first day of October in that year. Those who have served for two full consecutive years in any other branch of the Civil Service Commissioners may deduct from their actual age any time not exceeding five years which they have spent in such service.

Candidates must be unmarried or widows, duly qualified in respect of health and character, and natural-born or naturalised British subjects.

Examinations are held in the following subjects: Reading and copying Ms., writing, spelling, arithmetic (first four rules, simple and compound, including English weights and measures, reduction), geography of the United Kingdom.

Every candidate must produce an undertaking, signed by her parent or guardian, that she will, if successful, reside with her parents or guardians, or with approved relations or friends.

Candidates must be at least five feet in height.

Persons who have entered upon or completed a course of education or training for the occupation of teacher, on account of which grants are payable from the clerk, for by it she can add to her salary