Sheets. - All bed-linen should be washed and dried according to the general directions already given. While the sheets are still slightly damp, take them down, stretch and fold them, wrong side out, to a convenient size for mangling.
It is better if two people can assist with the folding. When ready, pass the sheets two or three times through the mangle, and then air well before laying them away. It is not necessary to iron the sheets unless no mangle is available, when they may be pressed with a hot and heavy iron after being folded.
Pillow and Bolster Cases. - While still slightly damp, fold them down the middle with any buttons to the inside. They may either be mangled or ironed. Ironing will, of course, make them smoother. All tapes or hems must in any case be ironed. Air well.
Embroidered Bed-linen. - Any embroidery must be ironed on the wrong side. In the case of frilled pillow-cases it will be found an improvement if these are put through very thin hot-water starch before drying. The frills should be ironed first, then the centre of the pillow-case; and whilst doing this slip the hand inside occasionally to prevent the two sides sticking together.
Towels. - Fold these evenly while damp, and mangle. Any fringes should be beaten or combed out. The fine towels should be ironed as well as mangled. Embroidered initials must be pressed out on the wrong side. Turkish towels are an exception; they must not be mangled, the aim being to keep them rough. The ends only need be pressed with an iron.
Bed-covers. - Some bed-covers, especially thin ones, should have a little starch added to the last rinsing water. When nearly dry, fold and finish off in the same way as sheets. If a polish is wanted, iron as well with a hot iron. Any lace or embroidery should be pressed out on the wrong side. Thick, heavy bed-covers will not require any starch.
Kitchen Cloths. - Wash according to directions already given, adding a little soda to the water in which they are soaked and washed. Fold and mangle when nearly dry.
Wash table-linen according to the general directions, and, after rinsing and bluing, put it through some very thin hot-water starch, or a little made starch may be added to the blue-water.
Many people object to starch being used at all, but, except in the case of the very best damask, which has sufficient body in itself to keep it from crushing, a little starch is an improvement. In fact, starch is rather a protection to the material than otherwise, as it gives a gloss, and prevents stains from taking so firm a hold.
Besides, when slightly stiffened, the linen will keep clean longer, and will not crush so readily. Too much starch must not on any account be used, merely sufficient to give the stiffness of new material. There is nothing more disagreeable than a highly stiffened serviette. Experience' will very soon teach the amount of starch to use; it should really be only slightly thickened water into which the linen is put.
Like other white things, table-linen should be ironed slightly damp. When taken down from drying, fold very evenly, and mangle, if possible, then allow it to lie rolled up for some time before ironing.
Serviettes. - To iron a serviette, lay it out smoothly on the table, with the right side uppermost. Take a hot and heavy iron, and iron until fairly dry, pressing firmly so as to produce a gloss. Then turn over, and iron on the wrong side. Fold across in four, mark the folds with an iron, and then hang up to air. If wished, the serviette may be folded in three instead of four; it will depend upon the size. The folds must be made very evenly, the serviette being carefully stretched into shape.
How to Fold a Tablecloth
A Tablecloth. - Fold the tablecloth (it is better if two people can do this), first by stretching it well, then bringing selvedge to selvedge, with the right side outwards. Then fold back each selvedge to the double fold, and pull into shape. Mangle carefully in the folds, and allow the tablecloth to lie for some time before ironing. Iron in the folds as much as possible, and principally on the right side. The hotter and heavier the iron can be used the better. Keep the iron well greased, and iron the tablecloth until nearly dry. Air well, and either fold or roll up.
Traycloths and D'oyleys. - Starch these in the same way as other table-linen, only the starch may be rather thicker. Dry the articles slightly, or let them lie rolled up in a towel for a short time before ironing. When about to iron a traycloth or d'oyley with a fringe, first shake and comb out the fringe, and, after ironing, again comb out the fringe to make it soft. Iron all plain linen parts on the right side, and press oat any embroidery on the wrong. Traycloths with a lace edge must have the lace ironed first, and if full this may be goffered after the centre part is finished. Netted or crocheted edges should be dried with the iron on the wrong side, and then pulled out carefully with the fingers.
To be continued.