Always wash the hands after touching or attending to the patient, especially in a scarlet fever case
Bathing the eyes when they are affected in measles
Wipe away any discharge from the mouth with pieces of clean rag of cramming or brain fag is extremely harmful, although simple, short lessons by a good teacher are excellent. Children who are really backward, or at all defective, should not be allowed to compete with others of their own age, as it simply disheartens them, or encourages unwise stimulation, which is certainly harmful.
Nature study is very good for these children, because it teaches them to be observant, and develops their interest. Further, it takes the children into the open air, thus improving their physical condition, and anything which affects the general health influences directly the brain and nervous system. The child must take a personal and practical interest in any nature study if it is to be of real service. The newer teaching encourages a child "to do" as well as "to know" things, and if a child can be made sufficiently interested to desire to start a collection, to bring in specimens, and to wish to learn about them, there is every hope that the apparent backwardness will steadily improve as time goes on. Moral Treatment This must be resorted to by the mother. It is positive cruelty to depress the backward child, to let him feel that he is in any way different to his brothers and sisters, to make personal remarks in his hearing. By " suggestion" almost anything can be done in this world. The mother who knows how to suggest tactfully interest in work, in daily life, in things and people, is giving healthy stimulation to the child's mind. Encouragement can do a great deal. It improves the vitality far more than people realise. The child who feels that his mother believes in him, that she does not think him stupid, dull, and incapable, is stimulated to do his best, and to prove that, like the ugly duckling, in the end he, though the backward child, may turn out the best of the bunch.