Purgatives. - Drugs which increase the secretion of the intestines and the action of their vessels. Examples: Castor oil, rhubarb, Epsom salts, cascara.

Alteratives. - Drugs which benefit the nutrition of the body. Examples: Cod-liver oil, arsenic, and various preparations of iron, which are also blood tonics.

Rinse the mouth and Wash the teeth after taking medicine, especially if it contains any iron

Rinse the mouth and Wash the teeth after taking medicine, especially if it contains any iron

Aromatics. - Drugs which relieve pain in the digestive tract and stimulate the digestive juices. Examples: Peppermint and cinnamon.

Stimulants. - Drugs which stimulate the heart, as digitalis and ammonia; or the nervous system, as alcohol, tea, coffee, etc.

Anodynes. - Drugs which relieve pain, as phenacetin and antipyrin.

Sedatives. - Drugs which depress the vitality and action of the heart or nervous system, such as opium and the bromides.

Expectorants. - Drugs which help the discharge of secretion from the respiratory passages, such as syrup of squills and ipecacuanha wine.

Hypnotics. - Drugs which cause sleep, as various preparations of opium.

Emetics. - Drugs which induce vomiting, such as mustard and warm water and ipecacuanha wine.

Astringents. - Drugs which lessen secretion, such as alum and chalk.

Hesmostatics. - Drugs which arrest internal haemorrhage, such as morphia.

Diaphoretics. - Drugs which induce sweating, such as opium and ipecacuanha.