Hot-water Starch. For a moderate quantity take three tablespoonfuls of dry starch, and mix into a smooth paste with cold water. Then pour on fast-boiling water, stirring all the time, until the starch turns clear. The addition of a little shredded wax makes the iron run more smoothly when ironing the article. Hot-water starch is usually diluted according to the material to be starched, and no hard and fast rule can be given. For thinning starch the water need not be at boiling-point, a slightly cooler temperature is quite sufficient.
When quite dry starch the cuffs in cold-water starch in the same way as a gentleman's shirt, then starch the collar and band down the front. Always wet the part just beyond where the starch should come to prevent the latter spreading where it is not wanted. Sprinkle the dry parts of the print with cold water, roll up tightly, and wrap in a towel ready for ironing. To iron, unroll the shirt and place it with the neck towards the edge of the table. Iron the collar first until dry, then the yoke on both sides. Next iron the cuffs in the same way as ordinary cuffs, and run the iron inside the sleeve for a little way to dry the gathers and the hems of the opening. Then iron the sleeves, laying out as much as will lie flat on the table and ironing it front and back.
Slip the hand inside occasionally to prevent the two sides sticking and causing creases. Iron well into the gathers top and bottom, finishing off the top of the sleeve from the inside with a small iron. If a sleeve-board can be used the ironing will be found much simpler. Iron the bodice part of the shirt last. Damp over any parts that are too dry, and iron all smoothly. Finish off any corners, hems, tapes, etc., and air well before folding. The cuffs and collar may be polished if wished.
To Fold a Lady's Shirt. Pin the fronts together, top and bottom, and lay in pleats if desired, or according to the make of the shirt. Lay the sleeves down the sides of the back, and turn them upwards again in order to show the cuffs at the neck. Pin them into position, and turn over the sides, pinning them loosely together. Do not press with the iron or the sleeves would be crushed. Fold upwards, making the shirt a convenient size.