Black feathers are sometimes put in with solid black paint, and the whole of the lights put on with grey and white.

This has rather a hard look in the original, but reproduces very well.

Flowers. - These should be drawn as naturally as possible. When they are massed, the general light and shade should be blocked in; then a few flowers picked out and carefully worked up.

In all millinery an artistic effect should be sought, as the charm of the sketch consists in its general appearance more than in the correctness of its detail.

Furs

In furs the same idea prevails, but only patient study from the real thing is of use.

Fig. 4. The pattern of braid should be drawn with pen and ink. a clear wash of black put over it, and finally it should be touched up with grey

Fig. 4. The pattern of braid should be drawn with pen and ink. a clear wash of black put over it, and finally it should be touched up with grey

The general method is to wash in the masses of light and shade very wet, letting them run as in velvet; then work up with fine lines in black and grey, observing carefully the direction in which the fur grows.

Furs are very effective when well done, and thoroughly repay a little time and trouble. To be continued.

In the best class work, the artist is required to make a picture. Two or three figures are sketched together, with a slight background.

Grouping Figures And Backgrounds

In grouping figures, prominence should be given to one figure; it is a mistake to represent each on the same plane.

The most striking costume should be chosen for the foremost figure, the others being kept as quiet as is consistent with strict attention to detail. Different views should be taken, a three-quarter view for one, a side view for another, and so on, but the contrast should not be too violent.

Some part of the back figure should be hidden behind the front figure, but without excluding any important part of the dress.

A standing figure and one seated look well together, but great care should be taken in drawing the latter. Fashion figures are seldom good in this respect.

In putting in a background, it should be remembered that it is designed solely to show up the figure; therefore be careful not to make it too prominent. Treat it broadly, be sparing of detail, and, if possible, put it in as it is required at once.

Be sure the tone of the background contrasts with the figure. If the costume is a white one, show it up by some touches of deep black against the figure; if it is black, a slightly grey background is usually the most successful.

Panels and circles are often used to show up a figure, and a black foot shadow is sometimes very effective. This should be put in as follows :

Put a wash of clean water over the space where the shadow is to be, then run on solid black paint, washing it off into the surrounding wet surface till it gradually shades off to nothing.

Landscape backgrounds should be painted in broadly and sketchily, but the drawing must be correct. If buildings are represented, be careful that the perspective is true.

Designing

This is not a very important branch of fashion work, yet a good deal of money may be made by it - particularly by artists who obtain a post on the regular staff of a good paper.

In this class of work it is most important to be quick to grasp ideas.

The fashionable figure varies every year or so, and the artist must be on the alert to become acquainted with the leading points of the figure, and make all her designs in accordance with it.

There is a certain amount of individuality to be considered. For instance, it is impossible to clothe the matron exactly like the young girl, and the middle-class woman does not require precisely the same garments as her wealthy sister. The character of the paper to which the drawings are to be submitted should be taken into consideration, and the taste of its readers studied.

Give thought as to how the costume is to be carried out; some designs would be quite impossible to wear when made up. Do not make them too elaborate.

If the paper of the magazine is not highly glazed, keep your drawings very decided, and strong in light and shade, otherwise the reproduction will be weak and unsatisfactory.

If your drawings do not meet with a market at once, do not be discouraged, but do all you possibly can to make your work above the average standard, and remember there is plenty of room at the top of the ladder - it is only the lower rungs that are crowded.

A Good Opening   Necessary Qualifications   Country Experiences   The Training   Side Issues

A Good Opening - Necessary Qualifications - Country Experiences - The Training - Side Issues

Although for the last twenty-five years or more the teaching of domestic economy in our elementary schools has been carried on with a certain degree of energy, it is only of recent years that the importance of this branch of education has been recognised.

Such recognition has resulted in the opening up of a new field of labour for the educated girl, a field that is daily enlarging its borders. Not only is this teaching compulsory in all the elementary schools, but it has been extended to the secondary schools, and is also being widely introduced into high schools not supported by Government grants. The extent to which it is carried on in the high schools depends on the individual interest of the head-mistress. At Clapham, for instance, there is a very strong domestic side, with two or three teachers. Already the other big private schools are beginning to follow on the same lines, and a very large and well known girls' school at Brighton has decided to add a teacher of domestic economy to the staff.