Coronella - "Success crown your wishes." Cowslip - "Winning grace." Corydalis (climbing) - " Friendliness." Corydalis (yellow) - "Abundance." The quaint old Somersetshire name for this yellow fumitory is " mother of thousands," in reference to its prolific spreading.
Cotton-grass - "Utility."
Cotton-rose - "Daintiness."
Cotton-weed - "Untidiness." Familiarly known as "goldy locks."
Cow-bane - "An enemy seeks to injure you."
Cow-berry - "Treason."
C0W-grass - "Luxury."
Cow-parsley - "Festivity."
Cow-weed - "Future happiness."
Cranberry - "Hardiness."
Crane's-bill - "Devotion."
Crane's-bill (dove-foot) - " Affection."
Crane's-bill (blue meadow) - " Faithfulness."
Crane's-bill (bloody) - " Sacrifice."
Crest-marine - "Vigour." Another name for rock samphire.
Crocus - "Abuse not."
Crocus (purple) - "Veneration."
Crocus (golden) - "Mirth."
Crocus (white) - "Youthful gladness."
Crocus (striped) - "Reconciliation," or " union." There are two exceedingly pretty legends concerning the origin of the crocus. According to Ovid, this flower was once a beautiful youth, who fell in love with the nymph Smilax, a dainty shepherdess, but was transformed into the golden blossom on account of his impatience in love. Some say that Smilax was changed into a yew-tree, others that she shared the fate of her too-ardent lover. The other tradition asserts that where the god Zeus once lay down to rest upon Mount Olympus a bed of golden crocuses sprang up on the spot where he had reclined. Homer described how "The flaming crocus made the mountains glow." In company with many other flowers that constitute natural floral barometers, the crocus curls over its petals, folding them together at night-time, or on the approach of a shower. This performance was thought to be the act of the fairies who nestled inside the flowers, and pulled the petals round them like the curtains of a fairy tent. Hence they are sometimes called " fairy-bowers." Medicinally, the crocus was once considered most efficacious in cases of lung trouble and consumption.
The name crocus is synonymous with the word saffron, a familiar old name for the flower, from which fact we learn that the crocus was originally known in the yellow kind only, and the name literally denoted its colour - a "saffron (coloured) flower"; the saffron dye is obtained from the bulb. In mediaeval times it was much used in love philtres.
Crown Imperial (red) - " Majesty," " power." Crown Imperial (yellow) - " False gaiety." Crowsbill - "Envy." Crowsfoot - "Ingratitude."
Crow-foot - "Lustre." This is the aconite-leaved species.
Cuckoo-flower - "Ardour."
Culver-key - "Foolishness, " " indiscretion. " Another name for columbine. " Culver," or "colver," being an old English corruption of " columba " - "a dove," or "pigeon"; Anglo-saxon - "culfre" - a "dove."
Cuscuta - "Meanness."
Cyclamen - "Diffidence."
Cypress - "Death," " mourning."
Daffodil (great yellow) - "Chivalry." With the possible exception of the rose, no other flower has more legends and superstitions connected with it, or has been the subject of more poems than the beautiful golden daffodil, that bright harbinger of spring. " Daffodils that come before the swallow dares,
And take the winds of March with beauty." They are often called " Lent lilies," owing to their flowering during that season. They are really synonymous with the asphodel, and the transition of the name to its present form is clear. In Greek it is " asphodilos," in Latin " asphodilus," in French " asphodele "; but when transported, the Greek term readily changed into " affodil," and the initial " d " was apparently added as the French use " d'." According to the legend, daffodils were white in the days when Persephone, Ceres' daughter, used to wander over the flower-filled meadows of Sicily. One luckless springtide she formed herself a coronet of this blossom, and lay down to sleep in the grass. Pluto, the god of the infernal regions, chanced to see the maiden, and, falling in love with her beauty, carried her off as his bride. Poor Persephone awoke, and in struggling to free herself the white blossoms touched her captor's hands, and became a golden yellow; others falling from her hair, as the pair descended into the nether world, alighted on the meadows of Acheron, where they grew into the asphodel, with which those fields were henceforth clothed. Thus the asphodel became the flower of " regret," and was associated with the departed, which accounts for its constant use by the ancients as a flower to be planted on graves. Jean Ingelow tells this story, in her pretty poem of "Demeter's (Ceres) daughter, fresh and fair ". " The daffodils were fair to see,
They nodded lightly on the lea;
Persephone ! Persephone ! "
The Persians call this flower "Zerrin," which means " golden "; while by the Turks it is called " Zerrin Kadech," " a golden bowl."