With regard first of all to the decorations. Of course, nothing looks so well or is so cleanly as tiles. It is not at all necessary to have the tiles the height of the room. A fairly deep dado is quite sufficient, and then a sanitary paper above. To do even a moderate-sized bathroom in this way will cost, approximately, £12 for the dado. An excellent substitute which is being very generally used is of enamelled zinc, and has exactly the appearance of tiles, but costs far less.
In the modern bathroom the bath is never encased in wood, but stands on feet raised a little from the ground, so that there is no harbourage for the dust. If there is a good linoleum on the floor, it is not necessary to stand the bath on a lead base, which adds considerably to the expense. The best baths are made of cast iron covered with porcelain or vitreous enamel, which is fired into the iron so that it is practically a part of it, and wears far better than ordinary bath enamel paint.
If a bath is required in a bedroom where there is not much space, or has to be put into a small flat, there is a very clever invention that can be used. The bath is arranged to tip iip on end, so that it can be enclosed into a cupboard. With the cost of fitting pipes and so on, this bath can be put in for about £8. A small kind of geyser can be used with it, which costs £5.
To return, however, to our orthodox bathroom bath. There are several new ideas in connection with this that are worth considering. One is to have the rim, or what is technically known as the " roll," at the top of the bath made sloping. A hanging soap-dish must, of course, then be used. This arrangement keeps the bath itself nice and clean. Then there are some new taps made quite smooth with no grooves, so that they are quite easy to clean. The standing waste and overflow in one is a very popular arrangement, the idea being to keep everything as simple and exposed as possible for cleansing purposes. It consists of a metal tube fixed in a holder, yet readily lifted out to be cleaned. There is also nothing to go wrong in this form of waste, whereas if the older form of pull-up waste gets out of order it necessitates having a man in to set it right.
A shower bath is a great improvement in a bathroom, and a plated shower, with a patent mixing valve, ring, and waterproof curtain, may be acquired for £8. A small hand spray is, however, far less expensive. The prices vary, according to the size of the taps, but begin at about 12s.
Geysers are very popular. They can be bought to heat the water for the basin as well as the bath. Great care should always be used in employing geysers. They should only be lighted by a responsible person, and it is safer not to leave a child alone in the bath-room where the bath is heated by this means.
Where people are having their own bathroom put in, they should stipulate for a small separate sink for filling cans, as maids are apt to spoil the bath by resting cans in it. There are any number of little accessories connected with the bath that may be obtained. Among these are the nickel-plated soap and sponge dishes that can be hung on the edge of the bath. Then there is a strap seat for the same purpose. A somewhat similar seat is made in teak, To prevent slipping when in the bath, indiarubber mats are sold. There are also very charming fitments for the lavatory basin made of nickel to hold Queens-ware carafe, tumblers, and tooth-brush vase.
Another notion is to have a glass shelf on nickel-plated brackets for holding all these accessories. The oval looking-glasses to go above these are very pretty. Various ideas are to the fore for towel-rails. Some of them have three nickel-plated bars on hinges to save space. A good notion is the towel-rail with a hot-water circulation for drying the towels. Still better, however, is it to have the bathroom heated by a radiator, and a circular towel-rail fixed around this.
The cork mat is very generally used to step on to from the bath, though some people prefer a narrow mat of bath towelling.
To those, again, who are having a bathroom added to their house, a reminder that there should be a bell over the bath is useful.
The careful housewife will see that the soap-dishes are well provided with soap, and there should also be a piece of pumice-stone and some soda in a small bowl.
A modern bathroom, in which the bath is raised above the floor, and fitted with shower and curtain, strap seat, and bath step and mat. A washing-basin and fitments, together with a mirror, special bathroom chair with cork seat, and hot-water towel-horse complete the essential furniture, though many useful sundries can be added if desired