Make Up the Dress with or without the Skirt
This bathing dress is made with a detachable skirt, in order that it may be worn either with or without it, as shown in the accompanying sketches.
It would look smart, and would not be expensive, if made of "silk finish " alpaca, and the knickers and trimming of striped silk, or, if intended to be worn without the skirt, the knickers would look better made of alpaca to match the bodice, with knee-bands of the striped silk. A good medium quality alpaca, 44 inches wide, can be purchased at is. Iod. per yard, and a striped silk, 21 inches wide, for about is. 11d. per yard.
Two and a half yards of the alpaca would be required for the skirt and bodice, and 3 1/2 yards of the striped silk for the knickers, revers, and trimming, and three dozen button-moulds. This, with the silk, etc., for stitching, would cost about 11s.
For the bathing dress without the skirt, 2 3/4 yards of alpaca would be required for the bodice and knickers, and 1 yard of silk for the revers and trimming. This, with the button-moulds, etc., would cost about 7s. 6d. Navy blue or black alpaca would look smart trimmed with red-and-white striped silk.
To Make the Pattern for the Bodice of the Bathing Dress
Fold a sheet of paper in two, lengthwise, and draw a straight, dotted line from the fold across the paper at about half the length. Place the pieces of the bodice pattern on it in the positions shown in Diagram 1,
Sketch of bathing dress worn with detachable skirt. This dress is thoroughly practical in all its details and is specially designed for swimming if used without the skirt and outline the bodice for the bathing dress in one piece.
Remove the pieces of the pattern, and fold the paper over by the dotted line, making it four-fold. Cut out the pattern through the four folds of paper, round the bottom, up the under-arm seam for the bodice and sleeve, and along the bottom of sleeve. Unfold the paper at the dotted line, and cut through the two folds on the sloping line for the front, and round the "back neck," as far as the fold.
To Cut a Pattern for the Shaped Piece Round the Neck
Place the bodice pattern just cut on a piece of folded paper - the fold to the fold - outline the neck, from the fold, as far round as required, remove the pattern, measure about 3 inches from the neck-curve (for the depth of the piece) and mark at intervals. Complete the line, and cut it out on it. It should appear as in Diagram 2.
To Cut the Pattern for the Revers
Take a piece of ruled paper - a sheet of foolscap, or a sheet out of an exercise book will do - open the sheet, measure along the bottom line 12 inches, and cut off a strip that length and 6 inches wide. Measure 2 inches up one end, and from it draw with a rule a slanting line to the opposite top corner. Cut through this line, and the piece of paper, measuring 6 inches at one end and 2 inches at the other, gives the shape for the revers.
To Cut the Pattern for the Knickers
Take a large sheet of paper and draw a straight line 30 inches long down the centre of it. This line gives the " side line " for the knickers. On the right side of this line write "Front Half," and on the left side write "Back Half." Draw a horizontal line 24 inches long across the top of the " side line" - i.e., 12 inches on each side of it, for the "top line." (See Diagram 3.)
Measure down the "side line "15 inches, make a mark, and draw a horizontal line 30 inches long - i.e., 15 inches on each side. This gives the widest part of the knickers, and is marked on the diagram," Width Line." From this " width line " measure 7 1/2 inches, and draw a short, horizontal line for the " knee line."
The line for the bottom of the knickers should be drawn 24 inches long - i.e., 12 inches on each side of the " side line," and as many inches below the " knee line " as the length desired for the' knickers.
With the rule, draw a line from each end of the bottom line, to connect it with the " width line." Slightly curve these two lines inwards, as shown in the diagram. From the "width line" draw a line to the end of the "top line " of the "front half," and another from the " width line," passing through the " top line " to 5 inches above it, on the back half. Curve this line outwards, as shown in the diagram. From the top of this curved line, draw another, curving slightly inwards to the " side line," and
Sketch showing the finished skirt when detached from the dress. The front seams are left open towards the bottom, to give perfect freedom
Diagram 1. Fold a piece of paper lengthwise and place the pieces of the bodice on it in the positions shown. Outline the bodice for bathing dress in one piece then on to the front. This gives the slope for the top of the knickers.
The pattern, which is for an average size figure, can now be cut out, on the lines all round".
How to Alter the Pattern to Fit the Individual Figure
The worker can easily alter the pattern, and make it larger or smaller by drawing the "side line " (from the top to the "width line ") longer or shorter. A good rule for the " width line " is to make it correspond on the " front " and on the "back " half, with the length (from the top to the " width line ") - e.g., if the length is 16 inches, the width, on each side, must be 16 inches.