The apple is the fleshy fruit of a tree belonging to the rose family (Rosaceae). The calyx of the flower becomes thick, pulpy, and edible at maturity, enclosing the seed-pod with seeds.

The apple has been cultivated and highly valued as a food from very early times. The Greeks and the Romans used the apple very extensively. Apples may be eaten raw, stewed, or baked. If they are eaten raw, they should be ripe and mellow, and care should be taken to masticate them thoroughly.